Turkey Population: 84,011,847

Turkey has a unique position in geography, as part of it lies in Asia, and the other part is in Europe. So, from history, it is inferred that it acted as a barrier as well as a bridge between these two continents. Mostly the part under Turkey is mountainous, and the low area is confined towards the coastal area.

Largest Cities in Turkey by Population

The capital of Turkey is Ankara, which was earlier known by the name of Angora city. The most populated place Istanbul, followed by Ankara, Izmir, Bursa, Adana, and many more.

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Istanbul 14,804,116 Erzurum 420,691 Antakya 210,000
Ankara 3,517,182 Samsun 394,050 Osmaniye 202,837
Izmir 2,500,603 Batman 381,990 Corlu 202,578
Bursa 1,412,701 Kahramanmaras 376,045 Arnavutkoey 198,165
Adana 1,248,988 Van 371,713 Izmit 196,571
Gaziantep 1,065,975 Atasehir 361,615 Basaksehir 193,750
Konya 875,530 Sisli 314,684 Kutahya 185,008
Cankaya 792,189 Denizli 313,238 Corum 183,418
Antalya 758,188 Batikent 300,000 Siverek 175,341
Bagcilar 724,270 Elazig 298,004 Isparta 172,334
Diyarbakir 644,763 Zeytinburnu 288,743 Bueyuekcekmece 163,140
Kayseri 592,840 Adapazari 286,787 Aydin 163,022
UEskuedar 582,666 Sultanbeyli 286,622 Iskenderun 159,965
Bahcelievler 576,799 Gebze 281,436 Viransehir 154,163
Umraniye 573,265 Merkezefendi 280,341 Usak 152,862
Mersin 537,842 Sivas 264,022 Aksaray 152,201
Esenler 520,235 Tarsus 256,482 Kiziltepe 150,174
Eskisehir 514,869 Trabzon 244,083 Afyonkarahisar 146,136
Karabaglar 458,000 Manisa 243,971 Inegol 133,959
Muratpasa 450,000 Sancaktepe 241,000 Tokat 129,702
Sanliurfa 449,549 Balikesir 238,151 Edirne 126,470
Malatya 441,805 Adiyaman 223,744 Derince 125,485
Sultangazi 436,935 Esenyurt 211,330
Maltepe 427,040 Kirikkale 211,138

Turkey Population History

Turkey’s present population is 83,984,733. The growth of a Population in Turkey is stable from the last few years. In the year 1960, the total population in Turkey is around 28.16 million, and now it’s in 2020, the population is around 83.9 million. An urban population in Turkey is 75.7 percent, which is 63,803,445 in the year 2020, while in the year 1955, it was just 6,929,929 that is only 28.6% of the total population.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 84,339,067 1.09% 909,452 283,922 32 2.1 110 75.70% 63,803,445 1.08% 7,794,798,739 17
2019 83,429,615 1.32% 1,089,527 283,922 30 2.1 108 75.20% 62,743,912 1.08% 7,713,468,100 18
2018 82,340,088 1.51% 1,223,638 283,922 30 2.1 107 74.80% 61,554,688 1.08% 7,631,091,040 18
2017 81,116,450 1.61% 1,288,579 283,922 30 2.1 105 74.30% 60,271,457 1.07% 7,547,858,925 18
2016 79,827,871 1.65% 1,298,462 283,922 30 2.1 104 73.80% 58,945,516 1.07% 7,464,022,049 17
2015 78,529,409 1.66% 1,240,484 352,616 30 2.1 102 73.40% 57,616,730 1.06% 7,379,797,139 17
2010 72,326,988 1.27% 884,704 -10,000 28 2.2 94 70.80% 51,225,748 1.04% 6,956,823,603 18
2005 67,903,469 1.43% 932,655 -8,000 27 2.4 88 67.80% 46,065,593 1.04% 6,541,907,027 18
2000 63,240,194 1.58% 950,748 -20,000 25 2.7 82 64.70% 40,942,328 1.03% 6,143,493,823 18
1995 58,486,456 1.64% 912,939 -24,000 24 2.9 76 62.10% 36,333,494 1.02% 5,744,212,979 18
1990 53,921,760 1.88% 957,565 -20,000 22 3.4 70 59.20% 31,923,032 1.01% 5,327,231,061 21
1985 49,133,937 2.24% 1,031,593 -14,000 21 4.1 64 52.40% 25,769,960 1.01% 4,870,921,740 21
1980 43,975,971 2.29% 939,743 -52,000 20 4.7 57 43.80% 19,252,765 0.99% 4,458,003,514 20
1975 39,277,258 2.41% 880,191 -48,000 20 5.4 51 41.60% 16,333,819 0.96% 4,079,480,606 20
1970 34,876,303 2.40% 780,662 -36,000 19 5.8 45 38.20% 13,334,557 0.94% 3,700,437,046 20
1965 30,972,994 2.43% 700,130 -30,000 19 6.2 40 34.20% 10,601,023 0.93% 3,339,583,597 20
1960 27,472,345 2.51% 640,349 -12,001 19 6.5 36 31.50% 8,657,857 0.91% 3,034,949,748 20
1955 24,270,600 2.54% 572,440 -3,800 20 6.7 32 28.60% 6,929,929 0.88% 2,773,019,936 20

Turkey Population Forecast

The estimated population of Turkey at the end of 2020 will be more than 84,339,067. Being on 17 ranks among different countries in terms of population. While the population projected for the year 2050 would be 97,139,570, which shows a steady increase in population.

The median age of Turkey in the year 2020 is 31.5 years. But there is a visible change by the year 2050 for a median age that is 41.7 years. Growth in urban population is also seen as in the year 2020, it is 63,803,445, and by the year 2050, it is estimated to be 82,192,061.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 84,339,067 1.44% 1,161,932 283,922 31.5 2.08 110 75.70% 63,803,445 1.08% 7,794,798,739 17
2025 86,705,224 0.55% 473,231 -319,056 33.3 2.08 113 77.80% 67,446,349 1.06% 8,184,437,460 18
2030 89,157,785 0.56% 490,512 -209,059 35 2.08 116 79.60% 70,951,437 1.04% 8,548,487,400 18
2035 91,864,241 0.60% 541,291 -67,556 36.8 2.08 119 81.10% 74,480,809 1.03% 8,887,524,213 18
2040 94,131,585 0.49% 453,469 -60,000 38.5 2.08 122 82.30% 77,516,798 1.02% 9,198,847,240 19
2045 95,892,325 0.37% 352,148 -60,000 40.2 2.08 125 83.50% 80,097,582 1.01% 9,481,803,274 19
2050 97,139,570 0.26% 249,449 41.7 2.08 126 84.60% 82,192,061 1.00% 9,735,033,990 19

Turkey Demographics

Estimation for the life expectancy in Turkey is 78.45 years. The number of males in Turkey is 41,636,125, which is 49.37 percent of the total population. The female number is 42,702,942 in Turkey that comes to 50.63 percent. So, the ratio of sex in which males to females is 0.98.

Turkey Religion and Politics

Turkey is the Islamic country, and, in this Islam, religion is being practiced by most. Around 80.5 percent believe in Sunni Islam, 11.6 % believe in Alevism, 3.9 % believe in Jafari Shia, rest from Alawites, Christians, and other minorities.

The system of politics in Turkey is made on the separation of powers. There are many political parties in Turkey. The most famous parties are the Justice and Development Party, Republican People’s Party, Peoples’ Democratic Party, Nationalist Movement Party, and many others.

Turkey Economics

Turkey is a market that is an emerging economy. There has been continuous growth in the GDP of Turkey, and it is between 6 to 8 percent. There could be considerable growth in the economy of Turkey in a few coming years.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%