Tanzania Population: 59,108,497

Tanzania is a country in Eastern Africa. It is situated in the region of the African Great Lakes. Mount Kilimanjaro, which is known as the world’s highest mountain, is in Tanzania. Some of the important fossil records were found in the country like the 6 million-year-old Pliocene hominid fossils. Tanzania is a country with mountainous regions and forests. English as a language is used in foreign trades and education. Most of the population also speaks Swahili as the first language.

Largest cities by population in Tanzania 

Some of the largest cities with the largest population in Tanzania are Dar es Salaamac, Mwanza, Zanzibar, Arusha, and Mbeya.

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Dar es Salaam 2,698,652 Uyovu 60,849 Masumbwe 34,780
Mwanza 436,801 Makumbako 53,003 Chalinze 34,335
Zanzibar 403,658 Buseresere 52,870 Babati 34,291
Arusha 341,136 Bunda 50,944 Biharamulo 34,038
Mbeya 291,649 Merelani 50,000 Somanda 33,932
Morogoro 250,902 Katoro 49,691 Bariadi 33,865
Tanga 224,876 Ifakara 49,528 Kirando 33,111
Dodoma 180,541 Njombe 46,724 Tarime 33,094
Kigoma 164,268 Lindi 41,912 Tumbi 32,900
Moshi 156,959 Vwawa 40,145 Bugarama 32,494
Tabora 145,292 Geita 40,000 Mvomero 31,324
Songea 126,449 Nguruka 39,135 Chanika 30,905
Musoma 121,119 Newala Kisimani 38,099 Kyela 30,684
Iringa 111,820 Geiro 37,909 Kibiti 30,163
Katumba 108,558 Kidatu 37,542 Kisesa 29,804
Shinyanga 107,362 Kasulu 37,349 Lukuledi 29,699
Mtwara 96,602 Tunduma 36,556 Mlandizi 29,394
Ushirombo 95,052 Masasi 36,032 Rujewa 29,228
Kilosa 91,889 Kahama 36,014 Ilula 29,193
Sumbawanga 89,161 Kidodi 35,953 Kibondo 28,666
Bagamoyo 82,426 Igunga 35,644 Tukuyu 28,398
Mpanda 73,338 Misungwi 35,530 Namanyere 28,218
Bukoba 70,628 Mlimba 34,970
Singida 62,432 Mafinga 34,958

Tanzania Population history 

In the year 2000, the population of Tanzania was 33,499,180. But now the population has risen to 59,734,218. The median age was 17.6 for many years, but this year it is 18.0. The urban population has also increased to 22,113,353. The population rank of the country last year was 15, but this year it is 25.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 59,734,218 2.98% 1,728,755 -40,076 18 4.92 67 37.00% 22,113,353 0.77% 7,794,798,739 24
2019 58,005,463 3.00% 1,692,025 -40,076 17.6 5.17 65 36.20% 21,015,391 0.75% 7,713,468,100 25
2018 56,313,438 3.02% 1,653,099 -40,076 17.6 5.17 64 35.40% 19,958,545 0.74% 7,631,091,040 25
2017 54,660,339 3.04% 1,611,109 -40,076 17.6 5.17 62 34.70% 18,942,828 0.72% 7,547,858,925 25
2016 53,049,230 3.04% 1,566,597 -40,076 17.6 5.17 60 33.90% 17,968,436 0.71% 7,464,022,049 25
2015 51,482,633 3.03% 1,427,222 -50,087 17.6 5.24 58 33.10% 17,035,213 0.70% 7,379,797,139 26
2010 44,346,525 2.89% 1,179,241 -100,171 17.4 5.58 50 29.20% 12,959,969 0.64% 6,956,823,603 30
2005 38,450,320 2.80% 990,228 -60,105 17.4 5.66 43 25.50% 9,791,527 0.59% 6,541,907,027 31
2000 33,499,180 2.47% 770,009 -80,141 17.4 5.75 38 22.80% 7,624,725 0.55% 6,143,493,823 32
1995 29,649,135 3.30% 889,058 116,819 17.2 6.05 33 20.80% 6,154,968 0.52% 5,744,212,979 32
1990 25,203,845 3.10% 714,010 13,623 17 6.36 28 19.10% 4,807,840 0.47% 5,327,231,061 34
1985 21,633,796 3.14% 619,107 7,012 16.9 6.55 24 16.90% 3,661,481 0.44% 4,870,921,740 36
1980 18,538,259 3.14% 530,606 -5,008 16.8 6.73 21 14.70% 2,719,241 0.42% 4,458,003,514 36
1975 15,885,229 3.25% 469,950 24,040 16.8 6.75 18 11.20% 1,781,210 0.39% 4,079,480,606 38
1970 13,535,481 3.07% 380,130 7,212 17 6.79 15 7.90% 1,068,352 0.37% 3,700,437,046 38
1965 11,634,832 2.97% 316,536 5,008 17.1 6.8 13 6.10% 704,473 0.35% 3,339,583,597 46
1960 10,052,152 2.86% 264,498 2,003 17.1 6.8 11 5.30% 528,498 0.33% 3,034,949,748 42
1955 8,729,662 2.68% 215,980 2,003 17.1 6.74 10 4.40% 385,389 0.31% 2,773,019,936 46

Tanzania population forecast 

The population is expected to rise by the year 2050. It is going to become 129,386,839 by a gradual increase. The median age in the future will become 22.5. The urban population of the country will be 76,542,196. The global rank will be 15.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 59,734,218 3.02% 1,650,317 -40,076 18 4.92 67 37.00% 22,113,353 0.77% 7,794,798,739 24
2025 68,934,163 2.91% 1,839,989 -40,086 18.6 4.92 78 41.00% 28,244,987 0.84% 8,184,437,460 22
2030 79,162,725 2.81% 2,045,712 -40,102 19.3 4.92 89 44.90% 35,529,056 0.93% 8,548,487,400 20
2035 90,415,596 2.69% 2,250,574 -40,116 20 4.92 102 48.70% 44,000,950 1.02% 8,887,524,213 19
2040 102,586,529 2.56% 2,434,187 -40,132 20.7 4.92 116 52.20% 53,579,195 1.12% 9,198,847,240 17
2045 115,596,020 2.42% 2,601,898 -40,154 21.5 4.92 130 55.70% 64,407,122 1.22% 9,481,803,274 15
2050 129,386,839 2.28% 2,758,164 22.3 4.92 146 59.20% 76,542,196 1.33% 9,735,033,990 15

Tanzania demographics 

The life expectancy of the population in Tanzania is 66.39 years. The infant mortality of the country is 34.2. The sex ratio of the male population is 49.97% for the population share 29,851,108. The sex ratio of the female population is 50.03% for the population share 29,883,105.

Tanzania religion and politics 

The country’s dominant religion is Christianity and Islam. Some populations follow the traditional African religion. Some people in the country follow multiple religions, so religious identity is ambiguous. The largest denomination of Christianity is Roman Catholicism. There are also active communities of the population following Hinduism, Buddhism, and Bahá’ís.

The country is a one-party dominant region. The dominant party is Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM). The other party, which is called the main opposition party, is Civil United Front (CUF).

Tanzania economy 

The gross domestic product estimated to be $56.7 billion or $176.5 billion on the basis PPP. Tanzania has several trade partners around the world to do business. The economy of the country is stable because of aspects such as tourism, telecommunications, banking sector. But hunger and poverty are the major crisis in Tanzania amidst economic growth.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%