Syria population: 17,339,665

Syria is a country located in Western Asia. The term Syria denotes a wider region. The modern state consists of sites that had been home to several kingdoms and empires. The capital of the country is Damascus, which is one of the oldest cities that have been continuously inhabited. Syria was also the battlefield of the many empires in the ancient days.

Largest cities in Syria by population

Aleppo, Damascus, Homs, Hamah, Latakia are some of the largest cities in Syria with a huge population density.

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Aleppo 1,602,264 Ar Rastan 53,152 Binnish 30,354
Damascus 1,569,394 Tadmur 51,015 Jasim 30,283
Homs 775,404 ‘Ayn al ‘Arab 50,000 Tallkalakh 29,754
Hamah 460,602 An Nabk 49,372 Az Zabadani 29,549
Latakia 340,181 Khan Shaykhun 48,975 Tayyibat al Imam 29,259
Deir ez-Zor 242,565 `Afrin 48,693 Hajin 29,237
Ar Raqqah 177,636 Kafranbel 45,652 Inkhil 29,076
Al Bab 130,745 `Irbin 42,474 Dayr Hafir 28,905
Idlib 128,840 Al Qusayr 41,062 Satita 27,815
Douma 111,864 Yabrud 40,502 Ash Shaykh Miskin 25,920
Manbij 99,497 Jisr ash Shughur 39,311 As Sanamayn 25,702
Dar’a 97,969 Baniyas 39,066 Tall Rif`at 25,658
As Salamiyah 94,887 Tallbisah 38,491 Nubl 25,546
Tartouss 89,457 Harasta 37,348 Subaykhan 25,514
Ath Thawrah 87,880 Al Qunaytirah 36,143 Jarabulus 24,997
Al Hasakah 81,539 Tadif 34,670 Al Harak 23,784
Darayya 71,596 Saraqib 34,231 Al Kiswah 23,526
I`zaz 66,138 Jayrud 32,352 Halfaya 23,403
Jablah 65,915 Masyaf 32,262 Kafr Takharim 22,436
As Safirah 63,708 Ma`arratmisrin 32,163 Ad Dana 21,987
As Suwayda’ 59,052 Al Qaryatayn 31,748 Kafr Zayta 21,845
Albu Kamal 57,572 Salqin 31,608 Kafr Laha 21,819
At Tall 55,561 Tafas 31,249
Al Mayadin 54,534 Souran 30,716

Syria population history 

In the year 2000, the population of Syria was 16,410,848, but in the year 2020, the population increased to 17,500,658, which is only a slight rise. The median age of the population is 25.6. The urban population has touched 10,498,283. The global rank of Syria is now 68.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 17,500,658 2.52% 430,523 -427,391 25.6 2.84 95 60.00% 10,498,283 0.22% 7,794,798,739 68
2019 17,070,135 0.74% 125,078 -427,391 24 3.05 93 59.40% 10,141,352 0.22% 7,713,468,100 69
2018 16,945,057 -0.88% -150,621 -427,391 24 3.05 92 58.40% 9,903,237 0.22% 7,631,091,040 69
2017 17,095,678 -2.12% -369,897 -427,391 24 3.05 93 57.20% 9,774,379 0.23% 7,547,858,925 65
2016 17,465,575 -2.96% -531,833 -427,391 24 3.05 95 55.80% 9,737,763 0.23% 7,464,022,049 64
2015 17,997,408 -3.37% -673,024 -1,077,397 23.6 3.1 98 54.30% 9,773,578 0.24% 7,379,797,139 61
2010 21,362,529 3.07% 600,271 74,000 21.1 3.7 116 54.70% 11,686,472 0.31% 6,956,823,603 54
2005 18,361,176 2.27% 390,066 -75,982 19.6 3.9 100 53.60% 9,839,155 0.28% 6,541,907,027 56
2000 16,410,848 2.73% 413,071 -26,000 18.7 4.3 89 51.90% 8,524,885 0.27% 6,143,493,823 56
1995 14,345,492 2.88% 379,864 -14,000 17.5 4.8 78 50.10% 7,187,664 0.25% 5,744,212,979 58
1990 12,446,171 3.17% 359,508 -29,300 16.3 5.87 68 48.90% 6,090,038 0.23% 5,327,231,061 56
1985 10,648,632 3.58% 343,572 -17,400 15.6 6.77 58 47.90% 5,099,767 0.22% 4,870,921,740 57
1980 8,930,774 3.46% 279,012 -32,334 15.5 7.32 49 46.70% 4,171,360 0.20% 4,458,003,514 64
1975 7,535,714 3.48% 237,035 -16,300 15.8 7.54 41 45.10% 3,395,649 0.18% 4,079,480,606 68
1970 6,350,541 3.40% 195,481 -3,200 15.9 7.56 35 43.30% 2,752,618 0.17% 3,700,437,046 70
1965 5,373,137 3.28% 159,925 -3,200 15.8 7.54 29 40.00% 2,149,575 0.16% 3,339,583,597 80
1960 4,573,512 3.18% 132,402 -3,000 17 7.38 25 36.80% 1,683,354 0.15% 3,034,949,748 76
1955 3,911,501 2.76% 99,634 -14,000 18.8 7.23 21 34.70% 1,358,205 0.14% 2,773,019,936 80

Syria population forecast 

The population of Syria is expected to rise to 33,129,321 in the year 2050. The median age will also increase to 34.3. The urban population is going to reach 24,474,813 in the future. Then Syria will stand in the global rank 61.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 17,500,658 -0.56% -99,350 -427,391 25.6 2.84 95 60.00% 10,498,283 0.22% 7,794,798,739 68
2025 23,061,973 5.67% 1,112,263 763,130 27.8 2.84 126 59.60% 13,735,765 0.28% 8,184,437,460 60
2030 26,676,565 2.95% 722,918 362,003 29.1 2.84 145 61.60% 16,423,277 0.31% 8,548,487,400 59
2035 28,579,588 1.39% 380,605 44,712 30 2.84 156 65.30% 18,656,733 0.32% 8,887,524,213 58
2040 30,153,281 1.08% 314,739 -10,000 31.3 2.84 164 68.70% 20,709,320 0.33% 9,198,847,240 60
2045 31,693,482 1.00% 308,040 -10,000 32.7 2.84 173 71.50% 22,654,004 0.33% 9,481,803,274 60
2050 33,129,321 0.89% 287,168 34.3 2.84 180 73.90% 24,474,813 0.34% 9,735,033,990 61

Syria demographics 

The life expectancy of the people in Syria is 76.06 years. The infant mortality rate is 11.3. The sex ratio of the male population is 50.06% for the population share 8,760,065. The sex ratio of the female population is 49.94% for the population share 8,740,592.

Syria religion and politics 

The majority of the population in Syria follows the Muslim faith. In that Sunnis are more predominant. There are also several Christian populations such as Armenian Catholics, Greek Orthodox, and Syriac Orthodox, etc. There are also small groups of the Jewish population.

Politics in Syria follows the framework of the semi-presidential republic. It is a multiparty system. The president of the country, Bashar al-Assad, is the leading force in politics. The human rights and the city were more outspoken at this period, which is called the Damascus spring.

Syria economy 

The economy of Syria went downhill since the start of the civil war. The economic history of the country is full of instabilities. In the year 1963, the party Arab socialist Baath started to rule. They introduced land reform policies and socialist’s nationalization policies. Furthermore, in the year 1970, General Hafiz al-Assad came to power. Then the rules on the private enterprises went down. There was an economic crisis in Syria amidst various plans to stabilize the situation. The Syrian annual inflation is highest than the other countries in comparison.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%