Sudan Population: 43,474,902

Sudan is a country in north-eastern Africa. It is Africa’s third-largest country and also the largest in the Arab. The official languages of the country are Arabic and English. The capital of the country is Khartoum. Many of the great historical kingdoms have ruled Sudan, the Kingdom of Kerma and the Kingdom of Kush. Sudan is experiencing the scene of continuing military conflicts in the southern states.

Largest cities by population in Sudan 

Some of the largest cities in Sudan are Khartoum, Omdurman, Nyala, Port Sudan, and Kassala.

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Khartoum 1,974,647 Shendi 53,568
Omdurman 1,200,000 Dilling 37,113
Nyala 565,734 As Suki 33,524
Port Sudan 489,725 Ar Ruseris 28,862
Kassala 401,477 Al Hasaheisa 28,735
El Obeid 393,311 Maiurno 28,727
Al Qadarif 363,945 Zalingei 28,687
Kosti 345,068 Sawakin 28,570
Wad Medani 332,714 Tandalti 27,275
El Daein 264,734 Ar Rahad 26,273
El Fasher 252,609 Kinana 26,233
Singa 250,000 Al Hawatah 24,513
Ad-Damazin 186,051 Berber 22,395
Geneina 162,981 Tokar 22,250
Rabak 135,281 Abu Jibeha 21,790
Sinnar 130,122 Al Mijlad 19,997
Al Manaqil 128,297 Doka 19,821
Gereida 120,000 Kuraymah 19,593
An Nuhud 108,008 El Bauga 19,141
Atbara 107,930 Al Qitena 18,321
Ed Damer 103,941 Al Hilaliyya 17,345
Kadugli 87,666 Barah 16,969
Ad Douiem 87,068 Abu Zabad 15,304
Umm Ruwaba 55,742 Ad Dindar 15,144

Sudan Population history 

In the year 2000, the population of Sudan was 27,275,015. Now the population has increased to 43,849,260. There is a steady increase in the population. The median age of the country is now 19.7. The urban population of the country is 15,349,424. The global population of the country is 34.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 43,849,260 2.42% 1,036,022 -50,000 19.7 4.43 25 35.00% 15,349,424 0.56% 7,794,798,739 34
2019 42,813,238 2.42% 1,011,705 -50,000 19 4.69 24 34.70% 14,852,586 0.56% 7,713,468,100 35
2018 41,801,533 2.42% 988,136 -50,000 19 4.69 24 34.40% 14,380,217 0.55% 7,631,091,040 35
2017 40,813,397 2.42% 965,958 -50,000 19 4.69 23 34.10% 13,931,288 0.54% 7,547,858,925 35
2016 39,847,439 2.43% 944,489 -50,000 19 4.69 23 33.90% 13,504,639 0.53% 7,464,022,049 34
2015 38,902,950 2.40% 871,587 -107,629 18.9 4.75 22 33.70% 13,099,314 0.53% 7,379,797,139 34
2010 34,545,013 2.22% 719,099 -196,537 18.3 5 20 32.90% 11,378,101 0.50% 6,956,823,603 35
2005 30,949,516 2.56% 734,900 -109,201 18.1 5.3 18 32.70% 10,126,640 0.47% 6,541,907,027 36
2000 27,275,015 2.51% 636,054 -120,536 17.9 5.65 15 32.50% 8,855,115 0.44% 6,143,493,823 37
1995 24,094,747 3.64% 789,431 129,162 17.7 6 14 32.20% 7,768,800 0.42% 5,744,212,979 38
1990 20,147,590 3.20% 587,481 30,000 17 6.3 11 28.60% 5,764,212 0.38% 5,327,231,061 42
1985 17,210,187 3.48% 540,544 44,000 16.6 6.63 10 22.90% 3,947,451 0.35% 4,870,921,740 43
1980 14,507,468 3.62% 472,667 36,000 16.4 6.92 8 20.00% 2,895,483 0.33% 4,458,003,514 47
1975 12,144,135 3.39% 372,487 4,000 16.5 6.9 7 18.90% 2,300,428 0.30% 4,079,480,606 50
1970 10,281,700 3.23% 302,321 0 16.8 6.86 6 16.50% 1,698,802 0.28% 3,700,437,046 51
1965 8,770,097 3.06% 245,121 0 17.1 6.75 5 13.40% 1,172,787 0.26% 3,339,583,597 61
1960 7,544,491 2.87% 199,039 0 17.5 6.65 4 10.70% 810,765 0.25% 3,034,949,748 59
1955 6,549,298 2.70% 163,102 0 17.8 6.65 4 8.60% 562,183 0.24% 2,773,019,936 61

Sudan population forecast 

It is expected that in the year 2050, the population of the country will be 81,192,823. There will be fast growth in the population. The median age will be 25.1 in the future. The population in the urban areas will also grow to be 42,261,243. Then the global rank of Sudan will reach the 23rd position.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 43,849,260 2.42% 989,262 -50,000 19.7 4.43 25 35.00% 15,349,424 0.56% 7,794,798,739 34
2025 49,353,479 2.39% 1,100,844 -10,000 20.6 4.43 28 36.90% 18,220,482 0.60% 8,184,437,460 31
2030 55,253,529 2.28% 1,180,010 -10,000 21.6 4.43 31 39.40% 21,775,077 0.65% 8,548,487,400 29
2035 61,473,011 2.16% 1,243,896 -10,000 22.5 4.43 35 42.40% 26,089,178 0.69% 8,887,524,213 27
2040 67,919,273 2.01% 1,289,252 -10,000 23.3 4.43 38 45.60% 30,993,999 0.74% 9,198,847,240 27
2045 74,508,991 1.87% 1,317,944 -10,000 24.2 4.43 42 48.80% 36,393,690 0.79% 9,481,803,274 25
2050 81,192,823 1.73% 1,336,766 25.1 4.43 46 52.10% 42,261,243 0.83% 9,735,033,990 23

Sudan demographics 

The life expectancy of Sudan is estimated to be 66.09 years. The infant mortality of the country is 38.0. The sex ratio of the male population is 49.96% for the population share 21,907,295. The sex ratio of the female population is 50.04% for the population share 21,941,974.

Sudan religion and politics

97% of the population of Sudan follows Islam. There are two groups Sufi and Salafi. There are also Christian groups belonging to Coptic orthodox and Greek orthodox, who are some of the predominant denominations. The Ethiopian and Eritrean communities are present in Khartoum and eastern Sudan. Religious identity plays a huge part in the political divisions of the country.

The politics of Sudan follow the framework of the federal representative democratic. The legal system is based on the Sharia law of Islam. Stoning is a judicial punishment in the country.

Sudan economy

The economy of the country is growing steadily over the years. Oil is the major export in Sudan, with the production of oil high from the year 2000. Agriculture is also an important sector in Sudan. There is 80% of the workforce under it, but most of the people in Sudan are estimated to live below the poverty line.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%