Sri Lanka Population: 21,379,173

Sri Lanka is an island country located in the southwestern region of the Indian Ocean and the southeast of the Arabian Sea. The capital of Sri Lanka is Colombo, which is well known as a commercial city and the largest city in the country. Sri Lanka was one of the countries under British colonial rule and was formerly known as Ceylon. The country is popular for its ethnicities, different cultures, and languages.

Largest Cities in Sri Lanka by Population

Colombo has the highest population along with cities like Dehiewala and Moratuwa.Some other cities which are highly populated are Jaffna, Negombo, Pita Kotte, etc.

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Colombo 648,034 Devinuwara 45,000
Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia 219,827 Welisara 41,306
Moratuwa 185,031 Kalutara 38,000
Jaffna 169,102 Bentota 37,000
Negombo 137,223 Matale 36,462
Pita Kotte 118,179 Homagama 34,664
Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte 115,826 Beruwala 34,250
Kandy 111,701 Panadura 33,735
Trincomalee 108,420 Mulleriyawa 33,540
Kalmunai 100,171 Kandana 33,424
Galle 93,118 Ja Ela 32,175
Point Pedro 89,810 Wattala 30,725
Batticaloa 86,742 Peliyagoda 30,717
Katunayaka 84,643 Kelaniya 28,846
Valvedditturai 78,205 Kurunegala 28,571
Matara 76,254 Nuwara Eliya 25,775
Battaramulla South 75,633 Gampola 24,730
Dambulla 66,716 Chilaw 24,712
Maharagama 66,576 Eravur Town 22,982
Kotikawatta 64,565 Hanwella Ihala 22,918
Anuradhapura 60,943 Weligama 22,179
Vavuniya 60,176 Vakarai 21,000
Kolonnawa 58,076 Kataragama 20,935
Hendala 56,978 Ambalangoda 20,133
Ratnapura 47,832 Ampara 18,348
Badulla 47,587 Kegalle 17,962
Puttalam 45,661 Hatton 15,073

Sri Lanka Population History

The UN records show that the population of the country is increasing by 1.1% every year. From the year 2015, there has been a steady growth in the total population. In 2020 the total population of Sri Lanka is 21,413,249. In the coming years, there will be a consistent growth of 1.1 %.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 21,413,249 0.42% 89,516 -97,986 34 2.21 341 18.40% 3,945,488 0.27% 7,794,798,739 58
2019 21,323,733 0.45% 94,970 -97,986 32.6 2.21 340 18.30% 3,906,383 0.28% 7,713,468,100 58
2018 21,228,763 0.48% 100,731 -97,986 32.6 2.21 339 18.20% 3,870,642 0.28% 7,631,091,040 58
2017 21,128,032 0.51% 106,861 -97,986 32.6 2.21 337 18.20% 3,838,068 0.28% 7,547,858,925 58
2016 21,021,171 0.54% 113,144 -97,986 32.6 2.21 335 18.10% 3,808,409 0.28% 7,464,022,049 57
2015 20,908,027 0.63% 129,258 -96,954 32.3 2.21 333 18.10% 3,781,471 0.28% 7,379,797,139 57
2010 20,261,737 0.72% 143,350 -104,013 30.4 2.28 323 18.20% 3,681,427 0.29% 6,956,823,603 59
2005 19,544,988 0.80% 153,477 -89,896 29 2.26 312 18.30% 3,573,620 0.30% 6,541,907,027 54
2000 18,777,601 0.58% 106,938 -92,337 27.6 2.24 299 18.40% 3,452,171 0.31% 6,143,493,823 52
1995 18,242,912 1.04% 183,428 -51,156 25.8 2.38 291 18.50% 3,367,985 0.32% 5,744,212,979 49
1990 17,325,773 1.38% 229,899 -27,488 24.2 2.64 276 18.50% 3,212,099 0.33% 5,327,231,061 48
1985 16,176,280 1.47% 228,089 -79,739 22.8 3.19 258 18.60% 3,011,554 0.33% 4,870,921,740 45
1980 15,035,834 1.80% 256,138 -47,500 21.7 3.61 240 18.60% 2,797,666 0.34% 4,458,003,514 43
1975 13,755,146 1.96% 253,881 -29,000 20.6 4 219 18.10% 2,489,237 0.34% 4,079,480,606 43
1970 12,485,740 2.36% 274,984 -7,700 19.6 4.7 199 17.60% 2,197,238 0.34% 3,700,437,046 43
1965 11,110,820 2.39% 247,269 -9,500 19.1 5.2 177 17.10% 1,901,067 0.33% 3,339,583,597 45
1960 9,874,476 2.38% 219,208 -15,000 19.1 5.8 157 16.40% 1,622,519 0.33% 3,034,949,748 45
1955 8,778,438 1.95% 161,468 -3,300 20 5.8 140 15.60% 1,373,606 0.32% 2,773,019,936 45

Sri Lanka Population forecast

The 1.1% population growth is projected to be idle in 2035. After this point, the population is expected to decrease slowly. The estimated population of Sri Lanka for 2050 is 21,813,968. In 2045 the population rate is 22,070,206. So, there is a steady decrease in 2050 when compared to the population of the year 2045. This increase and decrease in the total population are positive. In the future, the total population is predicted to be extremely steady.

The urban and median age is steadily increasing over the coming years. The average median age of 2050 is 41.2, and the estimated urban population for the year 2050 6,574,761.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 21,413,249 0.48% 101,044 -97,986 34 2.21 341 18.40% 3,945,488 0.27% 7,794,798,739 58
2025 21,779,681 0.34% 73,286 -87,015 35.4 2.21 347 19.30% 4,193,316 0.27% 8,184,437,460 61
2030 22,023,016 0.22% 48,667 -82,523 36.6 2.21 351 20.60% 4,528,025 0.26% 8,548,487,400 63
2035 22,166,314 0.13% 28,660 -77,950 37.6 2.21 353 22.40% 4,966,948 0.25% 8,887,524,213 67
2040 22,186,241 0.02% 3,985 -77,950 38.7 2.21 354 24.80% 5,503,409 0.24% 9,198,847,240 67
2045 22,070,206 -0.10% -23,207 -77,770 39.9 2.21 352 27.40% 6,048,778 0.23% 9,481,803,274 72
2050 21,813,968 -0.23% -51,248 41.2 2.21 348 30.10% 6,574,761 0.22% 9,735,033,990 74

Sri Lanka Demographics

The life expectancy rate of 2020 is 77.56. Due to the moderate life expectancy rate, individuals in 54-65 age groups are of 9.1%. More than 8.1 % are above the age of 65years. The infant mortality rate is 6.4. In Sri Lanka, the female population is more than the male population. The male population rate is 47.95%, and the female population rate is 52.05%. Among some countries, Sri Lanka is a prominent country that has a more female population.

Sri Lanka Religion & Politics

The major religion in the country is Buddhism. 70% of the population follows Buddhism, from which many are Sinhalese. Hinduism is 12.6%. The third prominent religion in Sri Lanka is Islam. Muslims are 9.7%. The Roman Catholics are 6.3% and 1.4% of non-believers.

Sri Lanka Economy

The economy of Sri Lanka is a free market-orientated. The major economic sector of the country is tourism. The number of tourists who visit this country every year is approximately 1,003,000. Some of the other major economic sectors are agricultural production, tea export, apparel, and rice export. Sri Lanka is also known as the wealthiest south Asian country after the Maldives.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%