Spain Population: 46,747,927

Spain is a country in South-western Europe. It is a highly- developed country. Spanish, which is spoken in Spain, is the world’s second most spoken native language. It is a European territory located in the Iberian Peninsula. It is the largest country in Southern Europe and fourth in the continent.

Largest Cities in Spain by Population

The capital of Spain is Madrid. Some of the popular urban areas in Spain are Barcelona, Malaga, Bilbao, Seville, and Zaragoza.

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Madrid 3,255,944 Elche 230,112 Getafe 167,164
Barcelona 1,621,537 Ciudad Lineal 228,171 Nou Barris 166,310
Valencia 814,208 Oviedo 224,005 Hortaleza 161,661
Sevilla 703,206 Santa Cruz de Tenerife 222,417 San Blas-Canillejas 157,367
Zaragoza 674,317 Fuencarral-El Pardo 220,085 Salamanca 155,619
Malaga 568,305 Badalona 219,547 Tetuan de las Victorias 155,000
Murcia 436,870 Cartagena 211,996 Logrono 152,107
Palma 401,270 Terrassa 210,941 La Laguna 150,661
Las Palmas de Gran Canaria 381,847 Jerez de la Frontera 207,532 City Center 149,718
Bilbao 354,860 Sabadell 206,493 Huelva 148,806
Alicante 334,757 Mostoles 206,478 Arganzuela 148,797
Cordoba 328,428 Alcala de Henares 204,574 Badajoz 148,334
Valladolid 317,864 Pamplona 198,491 Sarria-Sant Gervasi 147,912
Vigo 297,332 Fuenlabrada 197,836 Sant Andreu 147,732
Gijon 277,554 Almeria 188,810 Salamanca 147,707
Eixample 266,477 Leganes 186,066 Chamberi 145,934
L’Hospitalet de Llobregat 257,038 San Sebastian 185,357 Usera 141,189
Latina 256,644 Sants-Montjuic 183,120 Tarragona 140,323
Carabanchel 253,678 Santander 182,700 Chamartin 140,000
A Coruna 246,056 Castello de la Plana 180,005 Lleida 135,919
Puente de Vallecas 244,151 Burgos 178,966 Marbella 134,623
Sant Marti 235,719 Albacete 169,716 Leon 134,305
Gasteiz / Vitoria 235,661 Horta-Guinardo 168,092
Granada 234,325 Alcorcon 167,967

Spain population history

There is only a slow increase in the population of Spain. In the year 2000, the population was 40,824,754, and after that, gradually, the population has increased to 46,754,778 as per the estimation. The median age was 37.6 in the previous years, but currently, the median age is 44.9. The urban population of Spain has increased to 37,543,537. Spain stands at the thirtieth rank on the global population list.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population France Global Rank
2020 46,754,778 0.04% 18,002 40,000 44.9 1.33 94 80.30% 37,543,537 0.60% 7,794,798,739 30
2019 46,736,776 0.09% 43,918 40,000 43 1.33 94 80.10% 37,415,111 0.61% 7,713,468,100 30
2018 46,692,858 0.10% 45,430 40,000 43 1.33 94 79.80% 37,267,072 0.61% 7,631,091,040 30
2017 46,647,428 0.03% 13,288 40,000 43 1.33 94 79.60% 37,120,403 0.62% 7,547,858,925 30
2016 46,634,140 -0.08% -37,786 40,000 43 1.33 93 79.30% 37,003,839 0.62% 7,464,022,049 30
2015 46,671,926 -0.11% -51,818 -104,088 42.5 1.33 94 79.10% 36,933,458 0.63% 7,379,797,139 30
2010 46,931,015 1.29% 582,378 454,770 40 1.45 94 78.20% 36,702,035 0.67% 6,956,823,603 27
2005 44,019,123 1.52% 638,874 581,642 39.1 1.28 88 77.30% 34,028,496 0.67% 6,541,907,027 28
2000 40,824,754 0.52% 207,467 186,214 37.6 1.19 82 76.40% 31,194,106 0.66% 6,143,493,823 28
1995 39,787,419 0.30% 116,979 63,854 35.5 1.28 80 76.10% 30,259,317 0.69% 5,744,212,979 28
1990 39,202,525 0.24% 93,730 -13,536 33.4 1.46 79 75.60% 29,617,580 0.74% 5,327,231,061 26
1985 38,733,876 0.54% 207,136 -8,658 31.6 1.88 78 74.40% 28,821,455 0.80% 4,870,921,740 25
1980 37,698,196 0.99% 363,797 15,381 30.4 2.55 76 73.00% 27,511,836 0.85% 4,458,003,514 24
1975 35,879,209 1.15% 399,092 19,398 29.9 2.85 72 69.80% 25,028,014 0.88% 4,079,480,606 22
1970 33,883,749 1.06% 347,497 -29,187 29.8 2.84 68 66.20% 22,440,001 0.92% 3,700,437,046 22
1965 32,146,263 1.12% 348,770 -38,761 30 2.81 64 61.50% 19,756,731 0.96% 3,339,583,597 17
1960 30,402,411 0.92% 270,803 -91,005 29.2 2.7 61 56.70% 17,246,904 1.00% 3,034,949,748 18
1955 29,048,395 0.69% 195,732 -101,007 28.6 2.53 58 54.40% 15,792,936 1.05% 2,773,019,936 17

Spain population forecast

It is expected that the population of Spain will keep on gradually decreasing in the years leading up to 2050. The median age will increase to 53.2. The urban population will rise to the numbers 39,072,958. In the world population rank in the year 2050, Spain is expected to be at the forty-seventh position. The number of migrants will also lessen slowly in the coming years.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population France Global Rank
2020 46,754,778 0.04% 16,570 40,000 44.9 1.33 94 80.30% 37,543,537 0.60% 7,794,798,739 30
2025 46,577,094 -0.08% -35,537 40,000 47.3 1.33 93 81.60% 37,995,950 0.57% 8,184,437,460 34
2030 46,230,140 -0.15% -69,391 40,000 49.6 1.33 93 83.10% 38,419,742 0.54% 8,548,487,400 36
2035 45,780,170 -0.20% -89,994 40,000 51.4 1.33 92 84.70% 38,784,560 0.52% 8,887,524,213 37
2040 45,224,891 -0.24% -111,056 38,868 52.6 1.33 91 86.40% 39,069,987 0.49% 9,198,847,240 39
2045 44,536,596 -0.31% -137,659 38,931 53.2 1.33 89 88.00% 39,194,161 0.47% 9,481,803,274 45
2050 43,637,410 -0.41% -179,837 53.2 1.33 87 89.50% 39,072,958 0.45% 9,735,033,990 47

Spain demographics

The life expectancy of the population in Spain is quite high. It is for 83.99 years. The sex ratio of the male population is 49.15% for the population share 22,978,338.

Spain religion and politics

The major form of religion in Spain is Catholic Christianity. There is no official religion in Spain, and there is protection for religious freedom. Some of the other faiths followed by the minor part of the population in Spain are Islam, Protestantism, and Buddhism. Some people identify as atheists, non-believers, and agnostics in Spain.

The politics of Spain is based on the constitution formed in 1978. It is a social and democratic sovereign country. The government in Spain is a parliamentary monarchy.

Spain economy

In the nominal GDP, the economy of Spain stands in the thirteenth place, and in the purchasing power parity, it stands at the front. Spain is an important country that is part of the European Union. The economy of Spain comes under the mixed capitalist economy. It is classified as having a high-income economy because of its imports and exports. The quality of life in Spain comes in the tenth position.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%