Sierra Leone Population: 7,918,900

Sierra Leone is a country with its coast on the Atlantic Ocean present in the western part of Africa. It shares borders with Liberia and Guinea. The total land area is 71,740 km2. It has a diverse environment that ranges from savanna to rainforest, and it enjoys a tropical climate.

Largest Cities in Sierra Leone by Population

Freetown has the highest population, followed by Bo, Kenema, and Koidu.

CITY NAME POPULATION
Freetown 802,639
Bo 174,354
Kenema 143,137
Koidu 88,000
Makeni 87,679
Lunsar 22,461
Port Loko 21,308
Waterloo 19,750
Kabala 17,948
Segbwema 16,532

Sierra Leone Population History

The population of Sierra Leone was estimated to be 4,319,762 in 1990. When compared to 30 years ago, the population growth rate shows an 84.6% increase today. Even with many life-threatening diseases and epidemics, population growth shows a positive trend.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 7,976,983 2.10% 163,768 -4,200 19.4 4.32 111 43.30% 3,453,971 0.10% 7,794,798,739 103
2019 7,813,215 2.13% 163,065 -4,200 18.9 4.73 108 42.90% 3,349,039 0.10% 7,713,468,100 103
2018 7,650,150 2.16% 161,727 -4,200 18.9 4.73 106 42.40% 3,246,502 0.10% 7,631,091,040 103
2017 7,488,423 2.18% 159,589 -4,200 18.9 4.73 104 42.00% 3,146,502 0.10% 7,547,858,925 103
2016 7,328,834 2.19% 156,920 -4,200 18.9 4.73 102 41.60% 3,049,278 0.10% 7,464,022,049 103
2015 7,171,914 2.25% 151,256 -4,200 18.7 4.84 99 41.20% 2,954,791 0.10% 7,379,797,139 105
2010 6,415,634 2.59% 154,002 12,000 18.2 5.57 89 39.10% 2,509,605 0.09% 6,956,823,603 105
2005 5,645,624 4.25% 212,211 100,000 17.9 6.11 78 37.00% 2,089,028 0.09% 6,541,907,027 107
2000 4,584,571 1.27% 56,123 -30,000 17.7 6.48 64 35.50% 1,626,055 0.07% 6,143,493,823 113
1995 4,303,957 -0.07% -3,161 -90,000 17.7 6.69 60 34.20% 1,471,764 0.07% 5,744,212,979 116
1990 4,319,762 2.57% 102,890 12,549 18 6.72 60 33.20% 1,433,891 0.08% 5,327,231,061 112
1985 3,805,311 2.35% 83,363 0 18.3 6.72 53 31.90% 1,215,725 0.08% 4,870,921,740 113
1980 3,388,495 2.21% 70,268 0 18.8 6.65 47 29.60% 1,003,558 0.08% 4,458,003,514 113
1975 3,037,154 2.04% 58,453 0 19.5 6.57 42 27.30% 830,173 0.07% 4,079,480,606 116
1970 2,744,891 1.82% 47,334 0 20.3 6.41 38 23.50% 645,306 0.07% 3,700,437,046 115
1965 2,508,219 1.59% 38,117 0 20.8 6.25 35 20.10% 504,032 0.08% 3,339,583,597 111
1960 2,317,636 1.36% 30,364 0 21 6.03 32 17.20% 398,599 0.08% 3,034,949,748 111
1955 2,165,815 1.19% 24,922 0 20.9 6.03 30 14.70% 319,261 0.08% 2,773,019,936 111

Sierra Leone Population forecast

According to the econometric models, the population is calculated to reach 7.97 million by the end of 2020. It is also projected to reach 8.13 million and 8.29 million in the coming year 2021 and 2022, respectively. The population is expected to reach 12,944,873, with a growth rate of 62% in the year 2050.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 7,976,983 2.15% 161,014 -4,200 19.4 4.32 111 43.30% 3,453,971 0.10% 7,794,798,739 103
2025 8,805,821 2.00% 165,768 -4,000 20.3 4.32 122 45.60% 4,017,056 0.11% 8,184,437,460 102
2030 9,648,691 1.84% 168,574 -4,000 21.5 4.32 134 48.20% 4,650,675 0.11% 8,548,487,400 98
2035 10,497,563 1.70% 169,774 -4,000 22.7 4.32 145 51.00% 5,351,187 0.12% 8,887,524,213 96
2040 11,338,661 1.55% 168,220 -4,000 23.9 4.32 157 53.90% 6,110,530 0.12% 9,198,847,240 91
2045 12,160,746 1.41% 164,417 -4,000 25.2 4.32 168 56.80% 6,908,947 0.13% 9,481,803,274 90
2050 12,944,873 1.26% 156,825 26.5 4.32 179 59.70% 7,724,557 0.13% 9,735,033,990 88

Sierra Leone Demographics

The current population of the country is 7,918,424, which represents nearly 0.1% of the total world population. This can be interpreted as one person out of every 1162 people in the world who is a resident of Sierra Leone. This country occupies the position of 103 in the list of countries by population. The population density is expected to be 111 persons per km2, and nearly 43% of the country’s population is urban. The median age is determined to be 19.4 years, and the life expectancy at birth is 55.92 years.

This country also serves as a home to 16 ethnic groups, where each one has its own language. They are Temne 35.5%, Mende 33.2%, Limba 6.4%, Kono 4.4%, Fullah 3.4%, Loko 2.9%, Koranko 2.8%, Sherbro 2.6%, Mandingo 2.4%, Creole 1.2%, other Sierra Leone 4.7%, other foreign 0.3%, and unspecified 0.2%.

Sierra Leone Religion & Politics

Though Sierra Leone is a secular state, the majority of the population follows Islam 78.6% and Christianity 20.8%. Only 0.3% are adherents to other religions, and 0.2% remain unspecified.

The political framework of Sierra Leone is a constitutional republic, where the president is directly elected. The unitary central government is dominant, while the local government is weak. The president is considered to be the most powerful official in the country.

Sierra Leone Economy

The economic growth of the country is mainly due to mining, especially the export of iron ore. Other exports include diamonds and rutile. Foreign investments are deterred by the extensive corruption and underdeveloped human capital. Efforts are undertaken to increase the economy by diversifying the sources of growth.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%