Senegal population: 16,599,797

Senegal, officially a republic of Senegal, is a country that is located in the West African region. Some of the countries bordering Senegal are Mauritania in the north, Guinea on the south-east, Guinea Bissau on the south-west, and in eastern Mali. The country holds the 70th position in the global world population. The population estimated for 2020 is 16.74 million.

Senegal largest cities by population

More than 42% of the population in Senegal is said to be living in rural areas. There is a total of 31 cities in Senegal, and the largest city is known as Dakar, and its population is 2,476,400. The second and third largest cities are pikine and touba. Its population is 874,062 and 529,176, respectively.

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Dakar 2,476,400 Dara 30,000
Pikine 874,062 Kaffrine 28,396
Touba 529,176 Ndibene Dahra 27,741
Thies 320,000 Bignona 26,237
Thies Nones 252,320 Pourham 24,146
Saint-Louis 176,000 Velingara 22,441
Kaolack 172,305 Nioro du Rip 20,711
Ziguinchor 159,778 Sedhiou 19,702
Tiebo 100,289 Mekhe 19,242
Tambacounda 78,800 Kedougou 17,922
Mbake 74,100 Nguekhokh 17,885
Louga 67,154 Pout 17,752
Kolda 58,809 Kayar 17,193
Richard-Toll 44,752 Guinguineo 15,395
Joal-Fadiout 36,735 Matam 15,306
N’diareme limamoulaye 35,171

Senegal population history

The 2020 population of Senegal is 16,589,114 that is a 2.75 % yearly growth. In the year 2016, the population was 14,993,519, and the yearly growth was at its peak, which is 2.85%. This shows that the population of Senegal is steadily increasing, and even in the future, this increasing trend continues. From 2017 to 2020, there is a gradual rise in the urban population. The urban population for 2020 is 8,277,123.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 16,743,927 2.75% 447,563 -20,000 18.5 4.65 87 49.40% 8,277,123 0.21% 7,794,798,739 70
2019 16,296,364 2.79% 442,041 -20,000 18.2 4.93 85 49.00% 7,978,972 0.21% 7,713,468,100 71
2018 15,854,323 2.82% 434,968 -20,000 18.2 4.93 82 48.50% 7,689,641 0.21% 7,631,091,040 71
2017 15,419,355 2.84% 425,836 -20,000 18.2 4.93 80 48.00% 7,408,563 0.20% 7,547,858,925 71
2016 14,993,519 2.85% 415,060 -20,000 18.2 4.93 78 47.60% 7,135,037 0.20% 7,464,022,049 71
2015 14,578,459 2.83% 380,062 -42,800 18.1 5 76 47.10% 6,868,710 0.20% 7,379,797,139 71
2010 12,678,148 2.71% 317,606 -43,603 18 5.1 66 44.60% 5,653,812 0.18% 6,956,823,603 72
2005 11,090,116 2.51% 258,476 -40,497 17.8 5.25 58 42.30% 4,693,370 0.17% 6,541,907,027 74
2000 9,797,734 2.43% 221,514 -45,511 17.3 5.7 51 40.70% 3,985,284 0.16% 6,143,493,823 79
1995 8,690,164 2.92% 232,771 -15,401 16.9 6.2 45 39.90% 3,464,168 0.15% 5,744,212,979 82
1990 7,526,307 3.07% 210,996 -12,058 16.5 6.7 39 39.00% 2,938,830 0.14% 5,327,231,061 84
1985 6,471,327 3.00% 177,632 -17,022 16.4 7.25 34 37.60% 2,434,961 0.13% 4,870,921,740 86
1980 5,583,165 2.52% 130,664 -26,957 16.8 7.25 29 35.80% 2,000,428 0.13% 4,458,003,514 89
1975 4,929,846 2.98% 134,468 13,117 17.7 7.25 26 33.70% 1,663,175 0.12% 4,079,480,606 90
1970 4,257,505 2.94% 114,926 17,304 17.7 7.25 22 30.00% 1,277,252 0.12% 3,700,437,046 93
1965 3,682,876 2.81% 95,225 10,000 17.7 7.1 19 26.40% 970,457 0.11% 3,339,583,597 96
1960 3,206,749 2.69% 79,705 8,809 18.2 6.9 17 23.00% 737,552 0.11% 3,034,949,748 96
1955 2,808,225 2.46% 64,318 6,607 18.6 6.8 15 20.00% 560,479 0.10% 2,773,019,936 96

Senegal population forecast

The population estimates for the future year have no drastic growth. The same increase in population and the same yearly change is anticipated. For the future years the projected population is, for 2040 it is 27,087,982, for 2045 it is 30,087,548 and for 2050 it is 33,186,859. For most of the future years, the yearly change or growth is above 2%.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 16,743,927 2.81% 433,094 -20,000 18.5 4.65 87 49.40% 8,277,123 0.21% 7,794,798,739 70
2025 19,062,240 2.63% 463,663 -19,999 19.2 4.65 99 52.00% 9,903,731 0.23% 8,184,437,460 68
2030 21,551,460 2.49% 497,844 -19,999 20.1 4.65 112 54.60% 11,777,637 0.25% 8,548,487,400 65
2035 24,227,859 2.37% 535,280 -19,999 21.2 4.65 126 57.50% 13,928,613 0.27% 8,887,524,213 64
2040 27,087,982 2.26% 572,025 -19,999 22.2 4.65 141 60.40% 16,362,244 0.29% 9,198,847,240 64
2045 30,087,548 2.12% 599,913 -19,999 23.2 4.65 156 63.30% 19,047,071 0.32% 9,481,803,274 63
2050 33,186,859 1.98% 619,862 24.1 4.65 172 66.10% 21,942,641 0.34% 9,735,033,990 63

Senegal demographics

The life expectancy rate of Senegal is 68.87 years, and the infant mortality rate is 26.4. Deaths under age five are recorded as 36.1. The median age and fertility rates for the current year are recorded as 18.2 and 4.65.

Senegal religion and politics

Islam is the dominant religion in Senegal. A total of 96% of the population is considered to be Muslims, either Sunni or Sufi Muslims. The presence of Islam is predominant in Senegal since the 11th century. There are no other religious groups that are followed in the country. The remaining 10% of the population is shiites Muslims, and 1% follows Ahmadiyya.

Senegal economy

The natural resources are scarce in the country. Agriculture is also vulnerable due to harsh climatic conditions, mostly heavy rainfall. The economy generates foreign currency by exporting fish, groundnuts, and services. The tourism sector also has prominence in the country’s economy.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%