Saudi Arabia population: 34,638,922

Saudi Arabia is a country located in Western Asia. It is a place with both the Red Sea coast and the Persian Gulf coast. The terrain of the place includes arid deserts, lowlands, and the mountains. The country also ranks in the list of the countries having more populations of youngsters. The history of Saudi Arabia contains some of the earliest origins of human history. The traces of ancient civilizations and ancient cultures are found in the place. Islam’s world’s second-largest religion is the major religion in modern-day Saudi Arabia.

Largest cities by population in Saudi Arabia

Riyadh is the capital city of Saudi Arabia, which is largely populated. Some other countries which are highly populated in Saudi Arabia are Jeddah, Makkah, and Medina.

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Riyadh 4,205,961 Sakakah 128,332 Turaif 40,819
Jeddah 2,867,446 Jizan 105,198 Tubarjal 40,019
Mecca 1,323,624 Qurayyat 102,903 Ad Dilam 35,371
Medina 1,300,000 Dhahran 99,540 Umm Lajj 33,874
Sultanah 946,697 Al Qatif 98,259 Al-`Ula 32,413
Dammam 768,602 Al Bahah 88,419 Abqaiq 29,474
Ta’if 530,848 Tarut 85,371 Badr Hunayn 27,257
Tabuk 455,450 Qal`at Bishah 81,828 Samitah 26,945
Al Kharj 425,300 Ar Rass 81,728 Al Wajh 26,636
Buraydah 391,336 Ash Shafa 72,190 Al Bukayriyah 25,153
Khamis Mushait 387,553 Sayhat 66,702 An Nimas 24,153
Al Hufuf 293,179 Al Mithnab 60,870 As Sulayyil 24,097
Al Mubarraz 290,802 Al Khafji 54,857 Turabah 23,235
Hafar Al-Batin 271,642 Ad Dawadimi 54,474 Al Jumum 22,207
Ha’il 267,005 Sabya 54,108 Duba 22,000
Najran 258,573 Az Zulfi 53,144 At Taraf 21,386
Al Jubayl 237,274 Abu `Arish 49,171 Qaisumah 20,685
Abha 210,886 Safwa 45,876 Al Battaliyah 16,606
Yanbu 200,161 Afif 45,525 Al Munayzilah 16,296
Khobar 165,799 Rabigh 41,759
Arar 148,540 Rahimah 41,188

Saudi Arabia population history

In the year 2000, the population of Saudi Arabia was 20,663,843, but in the year 2020, the population increased to 34,813,871. A few years before the median age was 21.3 now, but this year it is 31.8. The urban population for 2020 is 29,255,576. The global population rank of the city is 41.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 34,813,871 1.59% 545,343 134,979 31.8 2.34 16 84.00% 29,255,576 0.45% 7,794,798,739 41
2019 34,268,528 1.68% 565,772 134,979 30.3 2.64 16 83.80% 28,700,362 0.44% 7,713,468,100 41
2018 33,702,756 1.82% 601,577 134,979 30.3 2.64 16 83.50% 28,133,138 0.44% 7,631,091,040 41
2017 33,101,179 2.03% 657,732 134,979 30.3 2.64 15 83.20% 27,543,623 0.44% 7,547,858,925 41
2016 32,443,447 2.29% 725,780 134,979 30.3 2.64 15 83.00% 26,918,214 0.43% 7,464,022,049 41
2015 31,717,667 2.95% 859,241 344,561 30 2.73 15 82.80% 26,249,243 0.43% 7,379,797,139 41
2010 27,421,461 2.86% 721,056 214,619 26 3.23 13 82.10% 22,512,101 0.39% 6,956,823,603 45
2005 23,816,183 2.88% 630,468 149,599 23.7 3.65 11 81.30% 19,358,664 0.36% 6,541,907,027 47
2000 20,663,843 2.08% 405,011 -70,000 21.3 4.4 10 80.20% 16,579,826 0.34% 6,143,493,823 49
1995 18,638,787 2.80% 481,000 -22,000 19.4 5.55 9 79.10% 14,739,559 0.32% 5,744,212,979 48
1990 16,233,785 4.35% 622,958 143,365 19.5 6.22 8 77.00% 12,503,513 0.30% 5,327,231,061 51
1985 13,118,993 6.24% 685,503 276,706 19.3 7.02 6 73.00% 9,581,553 0.27% 4,870,921,740 52
1980 9,691,476 5.49% 454,397 157,744 18.4 7.28 5 66.20% 6,415,124 0.22% 4,458,003,514 61
1975 7,419,493 4.92% 316,621 96,664 18 7.3 3 58.40% 4,334,558 0.18% 4,079,480,606 71
1970 5,836,389 3.80% 198,551 37,401 18 7.26 3 48.70% 2,840,506 0.16% 3,700,437,046 76
1965 4,843,635 3.46% 151,419 25,198 18.2 7.26 2 38.80% 1,877,805 0.15% 3,339,583,597 84
1960 4,086,539 2.81% 105,677 5,194 18.5 7.18 2 31.30% 1,277,054 0.13% 3,034,949,748 83
1955 3,558,155 2.65% 87,364 5,258 18.8 7.18 2 26.00% 923,917 0.13% 2,773,019,936 84

Saudi Arabia population forecast

In the coming years, the population of Saudi Arabia will increase to 44,562,476. The median age will be 40.2 in the year 2050. As per the studies, the urban population of Saudi Arabia is expected to be 40,708,624. Then Saudi Arabia will be in the world population rank 46. The population will increase slowly over the years.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 34,813,871 1.88% 619,241 134,979 31.8 2.34 16 84.00% 29,255,576 0.45% 7,794,798,739 41
2025 37,248,919 1.36% 487,010 54,187 33.3 2.34 17 85.50% 31,842,626 0.46% 8,184,437,460 42
2030 39,322,338 1.09% 414,684 55,950 35 2.34 18 86.80% 34,142,975 0.46% 8,548,487,400 42
2035 41,073,374 0.88% 350,207 58,318 36.3 2.34 19 88.10% 36,170,029 0.46% 8,887,524,213 41
2040 42,473,031 0.67% 279,931 38,868 37.6 2.34 20 89.20% 37,878,811 0.46% 9,198,847,240 44
2045 43,648,838 0.55% 235,161 38,931 38.9 2.34 20 90.30% 39,396,408 0.46% 9,481,803,274 47
2050 44,562,476 0.42% 182,728 40.2 2.34 21 91.40% 40,708,624 0.46% 9,735,033,990 46

Saudi Arabia demographics

The life expectancy of most of the population of Saudi Arabia is 75.69 years. The infant mortality is 5.3. The sex ratio of the male population is 57.83% for the population share 20,131,308. The sex ratio of the female population is 42.17% for the population share 14,682,559.

Saudi Arabia religion and politics

Most of the population in Saudi Arabia is Muslim. The Sunni population makes up 75% to 90% of the population. The remaining population is Shia Muslims. Others are foreign workers who are mostly Christian. There is also a population of foreign workers who follow the Hindu faith.

The politics of Saudi Arabia come under the category of totalitarianism. The king is the head of the state, as well as the government. The decisions are made according to the consultations of the princes and the religious establishments. The Quran is considered the constitution of the country.

Saudi Arabia economy

The economy of Saudi Arabia is one of the top twenty economies in the world. It is dependent on oil for its economic growth. It has the second-largest petroleum preserves and its exported all over the world. It is called the energy superpower and contains many beneficial natural reserves.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%