Sao Tome and Principe Population: 217,748

Sao Tome and Principe is an island nation that is located in the African region that is very close to the equator. This area is a volcanic chain that comprises stunning rocks, corals, rock formations, beaches, and rainforest. After Seychelles Sao Tome is the second smallest island in the African region. Even though it is a small island, it is densely populated.

Sao Tome and Principe largest cities by population

The main area on the entire island is Sao Tome. More than 74% of the population in the country lives in the Sao Tome region or near the city. The total number of residents living in Sao Tome is 53,300. The second main city in the country is Santo Antonio. Its population is 1156. These are the only two main districts in the country. The other small town’s population is under 1000.

CITY NAME POPULATION
Sao Tome 53,300

Sao Tome and Principe population history

The population growth of Sao Tome remains the same for every three consecutive years. From 2016 to 2018, the population growth is 1.90%. The current year population is 219,159, and the yearly change is 1.91%. The same growth is seen every year. Form the year 2010 t0 2020, the global rank of the country remains the same that is the 187th rank.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 219,159 1.91% 4,103 -1,680 18.6 4.35 228 74.00% 162,101 0.00% 7,794,798,739 187
2019 215,056 1.91% 4,028 -1,680 18.3 4.55 224 73.00% 157,043 0.00% 7,713,468,100 187
2018 211,028 1.90% 3,939 -1,680 18.3 4.55 220 72.00% 152,026 0.00% 7,631,091,040 187
2017 207,089 1.90% 3,862 -1,680 18.3 4.55 216 71.00% 147,051 0.00% 7,547,858,925 187
2016 203,227 1.90% 3,795 -1,680 18.3 4.55 212 69.90% 142,120 0.00% 7,464,022,049 187
2015 199,432 2.03% 3,812 -1,680 18.3 4.6 208 68.80% 137,228 0.00% 7,379,797,139 187
2010 180,371 2.75% 4,580 -678 18.3 4.85 188 62.90% 113,520 0.00% 6,956,823,603 188
2005 157,472 2.05% 3,042 -1,680 17.6 5.08 164 58.50% 92,078 0.00% 6,541,907,027 190
2000 142,262 1.56% 2,117 -1,910 17.2 5.3 148 52.10% 74,049 0.00% 6,143,493,823 191
1995 131,678 2.01% 2,494 -1,120 16.3 5.68 137 46.70% 61,496 0.00% 5,744,212,979 191
1990 119,209 2.59% 2,857 -438 15.7 5.96 124 41.70% 49,713 0.00% 5,327,231,061 190
1985 104,924 1.84% 1,826 -1,200 15.9 6.24 109 37.60% 39,432 0.00% 4,870,921,740 191
1980 95,794 2.87% 2,531 -244 16.1 6.5 100 33.20% 31,791 0.00% 4,458,003,514 192
1975 83,138 2.20% 1,715 -502 16 6.52 87 31.40% 26,136 0.00% 4,079,480,606 193
1970 74,564 2.82% 1,934 -149 16.2 6.4 78 29.40% 21,918 0.00% 3,700,437,046 193
1965 64,892 0.18% 118 -1,830 20.1 6.3 68 21.80% 14,147 0.00% 3,339,583,597 189
1960 64,302 1.80% 1,099 -696 24.4 6.2 67 16.10% 10,327 0.00% 3,034,949,748 189
1955 58,806 -0.40% -239 -1,828 24.5 6.2 61 14.70% 8,661 0.00% 2,773,019,936 189

Sao Tome and Principe population forecast

The forecast for Sao Tome is an increasing trend. The population is at a peak in the year 2035 is 297,387, with 2.08 %. In the future years, it is predicted that in most of the years, the growth rate is above 2 %. The population estimated for the following years is 2040. It is 328,273; in 2045, it is 360,610, and in 2050 it is 394,153. Due to an increase in the total population, the country’s global rank also moves ahead to the 182nd rank in 2050.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 219,159 1.90% 3,945 -1,680 18.6 4.35 228 74.00% 162,101 0.00% 7,794,798,739 187
2025 241,571 1.97% 4,482 -1,400 19.5 4.35 252 77.80% 187,994 0.00% 8,184,437,460 187
2030 268,244 2.12% 5,335 -1,000 20.7 4.35 279 80.10% 214,863 0.00% 8,548,487,400 187
2035 297,387 2.08% 5,829 -900 21.7 4.35 310 81.40% 242,018 0.00% 8,887,524,213 186
2040 328,273 2.00% 6,177 -800 22.7 4.35 342 81.90% 268,937 0.00% 9,198,847,240 185
2045 360,610 1.90% 6,467 -700 23.5 4.35 376 82.20% 296,248 0.00% 9,481,803,274 183
2050 394,153 1.79% 6,709 24.4 4.35 411 82.10% 323,753 0.00% 9,735,033,990 182

Sao Tome and Principe demographics

The life expectancy rate for this year is 71.01 years. The infant mortality rate per 1000 live births is 22.5. The deaths under age 5 are estimated at 2020 is 27.6.

Sao Tome and Principe religion and politics

Christianity is a major religion, and its affiliations are Roman Catholics 80%, Protestants 15% and Muslims 3%. The primary protestant divisions are evangelicals and Adventists.

Sao Tome and Principe economy

As the country is located in the Gulf of Guinea, it is naturally rich in oil sources. However, the economy is facing issues due to improper investment in the oil industry. Agriculture is also a main factor in the economy, and plantation and exporting cocoa also contributes to the economy.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%