Rwanda Population: 12,833,942

Rwanda is the nation in Central Africa. It is one of the smallest countries located on the African mainland. The capital city of the country is Kigali. It is situated in the African Great Lakes. The land is dominated by mountains in the west and the east. The population of the country is over 12.6 million. It is densely populated than most of the regions in African countries. Most of the population is young and lives in rural areas. The language Kinyarwanda is spoken by most of the people in Rwanda, along with English and French.

Largest cities in Rwanda 

Some of the largest cities in Rwanda are Kigali, Gitarama, Musanze, and Gisenyi.

CITY NAME POPULATION
Kigali 745,261
Butare 89,600
Gitarama 87,613
Musanze 86,685
Gisenyi 83,623
Byumba 70,593
Cyangugu 63,883
Kibuye 48,024
Rwamagana 47,203
Kibungo 46,240
Nzega 33,832

Rwanda population history 

In the year 2000, the population of Rwanda was 7,933,681, but through the years, the population has risen to 12,952,218. The median age is now 20.0. The urban population of the nation has grown to 2,281,330. The global rank of Rwanda is now 76, the same rank as last year.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 12,952,218 2.58% 325,268 -9,000 20 4.1 525 17.60% 2,281,330 0.17% 7,794,798,739 76
2019 12,626,950 2.64% 324,980 -9,000 19.6 4.22 512 17.50% 2,215,085 0.16% 7,713,468,100 76
2018 12,301,970 2.68% 321,009 -9,000 19.6 4.22 499 17.50% 2,151,557 0.16% 7,631,091,040 76
2017 11,980,961 2.67% 312,134 -9,000 19.6 4.22 486 17.50% 2,090,744 0.16% 7,547,858,925 76
2016 11,668,827 2.64% 299,756 -9,000 19.6 4.22 473 17.40% 2,032,707 0.16% 7,464,022,049 76
2015 11,369,071 2.52% 265,947 -21,619 19.4 4.25 461 17.40% 1,977,467 0.15% 7,379,797,139 76
2010 10,039,338 2.58% 239,825 -15,953 18.9 4.85 407 17.30% 1,735,198 0.14% 6,956,823,603 83
2005 8,840,215 2.19% 181,307 -14,520 18.1 5.4 358 17.20% 1,520,718 0.14% 6,541,907,027 89
2000 7,933,681 6.33% 419,437 248,993 17.4 5.9 322 15.10% 1,197,920 0.13% 6,143,493,823 92
1995 5,836,495 -4.35% -290,477 -274,854 18.3 6.55 237 10.00% 583,164 0.10% 5,744,212,979 96
1990 7,288,882 3.47% 228,398 6,000 15.3 7.8 295 5.40% 391,898 0.14% 5,327,231,061 85
1985 6,146,891 3.59% 198,716 -10,000 15.2 8.38 249 5.00% 309,499 0.13% 4,870,921,740 91
1980 5,153,312 3.38% 157,721 -4,000 16 8.43 209 4.70% 242,682 0.12% 4,458,003,514 91
1975 4,364,706 3.04% 121,470 -4,000 16.3 8.28 177 4.00% 174,257 0.11% 4,079,480,606 96
1970 3,757,358 3.04% 104,365 4,000 16 8.2 152 3.20% 119,936 0.10% 3,700,437,046 99
1965 3,235,531 1.96% 59,990 -28,000 15.4 8.2 131 2.90% 93,184 0.10% 3,339,583,597 104
1960 2,935,582 3.04% 81,658 0 16.3 8.15 119 2.60% 76,269 0.10% 3,034,949,748 101
1955 2,527,294 2.94% 68,222 0 17.5 8 102 2.30% 59,211 0.09% 2,773,019,936 104

Rwanda population forecast 

It is expected that in the coming years the population of the country will rise. It will be 23,048,005 by the year 2050. The urban population of the place will be 6,483,462. The median age of the country will increase to 27.2. Then the global population rank of the country will change position to 72.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 12,952,218 2.64% 316,629 -9,000 20 4.1 525 17.60% 2,281,330 0.17% 7,794,798,739 76
2025 14,576,985 2.39% 324,953 -9,000 20.9 4.1 591 18.20% 2,659,944 0.18% 8,184,437,460 76
2030 16,234,387 2.18% 331,480 -9,000 22.1 4.1 658 19.40% 3,143,843 0.19% 8,548,487,400 76
2035 17,921,521 2.00% 337,427 -9,000 23.2 4.1 726 21.00% 3,768,985 0.20% 8,887,524,213 75
2040 19,633,864 1.84% 342,469 -9,000 24.4 4.1 796 23.20% 4,562,582 0.21% 9,198,847,240 76
2045 21,357,199 1.70% 344,667 -9,000 25.8 4.1 866 25.60% 5,477,407 0.23% 9,481,803,274 75
2050 23,048,005 1.54% 338,161 27.2 4.1 934 28.10% 6,483,462 0.24% 9,735,033,990 72

Rwanda demographics 

The life expectancy for the population of Rwanda is 70.00 years, and the life expectancy is 22.6. The sex ratio of the male population is 49.16% for the population share 6,367,431. The sex ratio of the female population is 50.84% for the population share 6,584,778.

Rwanda religion and politics 

The largest religion in Rwanda is Roman Catholicism. The Roman Catholics make up 43.7% of the population, Protestants are 37.7%, and 11.8% of Muslims. Many of the people also follow the traditional religion of Rwanda, which still has influence.

The president of Rwanda heads the state. They have broad powers, such as creating policy in conjunction with the cabinet. The election happens by the popular vote every seven years. The president appoints the prime minister as well as the members of the cabinet.

Rwanda economy 

The National Bank of Rwanda manages the economy of the country. The economy suffered losses because of the genocide of 1994. There was the loss of life as well as the land. But now it has become good as represented in the per capita GDP growths this year. The currency of the country is Rwandan franc. The economy of the country is based on the agricultural subsistence by the local farmers who use simple tools.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%