Peru population: 32,799,889

Peru is a diverse country surrounded by arid plains and the mountains. It is home to many ancient cultures. Peru is the nineteenth largest country in the world. It is also the third-largest in South America. The population of the people in Peru consists of Africans, Amerindians, Asians, and Europeans. The major language spoken here is Spanish. There are also other languages spoken here, such as Quechua and the other indigenous languages.

Largest cities in Peru by population

Some of the largest cities in Peru are Lima, Arequipa, Callao, Trujillo, Chiclayo.

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Lima 7,737,002 Huaraz 86,934 Juanjui 37,715
Arequipa 841,130 Cerro de Pasco 78,910 Puerto Maldonado 37,543
Callao 813,264 Chulucanas 68,835 La Union 34,834
Trujillo 747,450 San Isidro 68,309 Ferrenafe 34,357
Chiclayo 577,375 Huaral 62,174 Sicuani 33,575
Iquitos 437,620 Pisco 61,869 La Oroya 33,345
Huancayo 376,657 Catacaos 57,304 Chocope 32,370
Piura 325,466 Paita 56,151 Nuevo Imperial 32,344
Chimbote 316,966 Abancay 55,111 Imperial 32,344
Cusco 312,140 Huacho 54,545 Tambo Grande 30,033
Pucallpa 310,750 Moquegua 54,517 La Rinconada 29,678
Tacna 280,098 Ilo 53,476 Pacasmayo 29,165
Santiago de Surco 251,648 Tingo Maria 53,177 Tocache 29,029
Ica 246,844 Jaen 52,493 Mollendo 28,953
Juliaca 245,675 Tarma 51,350 Chaupimarca 28,666
Sullana 160,789 Barranca 46,290 Paramonga 27,631
Chincha Alta 153,076 Moyobamba 44,276 La Peca 27,045
Huanuco 147,959 Lambayeque 43,710 Chancay 26,958
Ayacucho 140,033 Picsi 43,610 Hualmay 26,658
Cajamarca 135,000 Chepen 41,992 Monsefu 25,707
Puno 116,552 Yurimaguas 41,827 Marcavelica 25,645
Tumbes 109,223 Huancavelica 41,576 San Vicente de Canete 25,517
Talara 99,074 Sana 39,200
Chosica 88,606 Tambopata 38,966

Peru population history 

During the year 2000, the population of Peru was 26,459,944, but now the numbers have risen to 32,971,854. The median age was previously bordering on 20.2, but at the moment, it is 31.0. The urban population of the country is now 26,082,479. The Peru world population rank is 43.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 32,971,854 1.42% 461,401 99,069 31 2.27 26 79.10% 26,082,479 0.42% 7,794,798,739 43
2019 32,510,453 1.63% 521,193 99,069 28.2 2.37 25 79.10% 25,721,093 0.42% 7,713,468,100 43
2018 31,989,260 1.73% 544,962 99,069 28.2 2.37 25 79.30% 25,360,100 0.42% 7,631,091,040 43
2017 31,444,298 1.68% 518,266 99,069 28.2 2.37 25 79.50% 24,999,015 0.42% 7,547,858,925 43
2016 30,926,032 1.49% 455,298 99,069 28.2 2.37 24 79.70% 24,637,142 0.41% 7,464,022,049 43
2015 30,470,734 0.98% 288,612 -124,962 27.5 2.4 24 79.70% 24,271,929 0.41% 7,379,797,139 43
2010 29,027,674 0.82% 232,306 -240,552 25.5 2.68 23 77.30% 22,450,249 0.42% 6,956,823,603 41
2005 27,866,145 1.04% 281,240 -181,956 24.1 2.72 22 74.30% 20,717,275 0.43% 6,541,907,027 38
2000 26,459,944 1.72% 432,157 -51,160 22.7 3.05 21 71.50% 18,928,687 0.43% 6,143,493,823 38
1995 24,299,160 1.94% 445,545 -70,920 21.2 3.62 19 70.20% 17,055,649 0.42% 5,744,212,979 37
1990 22,071,433 2.22% 459,712 -56,120 20.1 4.2 17 68.10% 15,038,734 0.41% 5,327,231,061 38
1985 19,772,872 2.42% 445,052 -35,100 19.2 4.73 15 66.10% 13,068,523 0.41% 4,870,921,740 38
1980 17,547,610 2.61% 424,573 -18,820 18.5 5.37 14 63.90% 11,209,453 0.39% 4,458,003,514 38
1975 15,424,744 2.76% 392,990 -16,520 17.9 6.03 12 60.70% 9,360,547 0.38% 4,079,480,606 39
1970 13,459,794 2.82% 349,680 -9,780 17.6 6.55 11 56.90% 7,658,573 0.36% 3,700,437,046 39
1965 11,711,392 2.89% 311,275 -5,860 17.7 6.88 9 51.40% 6,020,628 0.35% 3,339,583,597 44
1960 10,155,015 2.77% 259,325 -3,900 18.2 6.95 8 46.40% 4,709,872 0.33% 3,034,949,748 40
1955 8,858,389 2.64% 216,189 -3,100 18.7 6.95 7 43.50% 3,856,003 0.32% 2,773,019,936 44

Peru population forecast

In the year 2050, the population of Peru is expected to increase up to 40,373,987. The median age will be 39.4. The urban population will also have grown to the value 35,667,261. Then Peru will be in the global population rank 52 because of these changes.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 32,971,854 1.59% 500,224 99,069 31 2.27 26 79.10% 26,082,479 0.42% 7,794,798,739 43
2025 34,517,495 0.92% 309,128 -63,800 32.6 2.27 27 80.80% 27,880,400 0.42% 8,184,437,460 45
2030 36,030,592 0.86% 302,619 -25,400 34.2 2.27 28 82.30% 29,642,906 0.42% 8,548,487,400 48
2035 37,387,960 0.74% 271,474 -12,200 35.6 2.27 29 83.80% 31,327,208 0.42% 8,887,524,213 49
2040 38,552,106 0.62% 232,829 -9,860 36.8 2.27 30 85.40% 32,918,395 0.42% 9,198,847,240 50
2045 39,551,259 0.51% 199,831 -5,920 38 2.27 31 86.90% 34,384,997 0.42% 9,481,803,274 50
2050 40,373,987 0.41% 164,546 39.4 2.27 32 88.30% 35,667,261 0.41% 9,735,033,990 52

Peru demographics

The life expectancy of the major population of Peru is 77.44 years. The infant mortality is 10.7. The sex ratio of the male population is 49.67% for the population share 16,378,606. The sex ratio of the female population is 50.33% for the population share 16,593,240.

Peru religion and politics

Christianity is the major religion in Peru. Many Christians follow Roman Catholicism. There are also protestant churches followed by many in the country. Because of immigration, religions such as Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam are also found here.

The framework in the politics followed in Peru is categorized as a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. In the country president is the head of the state as well as the government. It is a pluriform multi-party system. Peru is described by a historian to be a high wing country. It is rated as having a flawed democracy.

Peru Economy

The Economy of Peru is described as the upper-middle-income economy. It is the thirty-ninth largest when it comes to GDP rank. It is one of the fastest-growing economies in the world. At the moment, it has a high growth development index. Some of the key points in the economy are Macroeconomic stability, External debt reduction, prudent fiscal spending, etc. This shows Peru’s sound economic growth.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%