Niger Population: 23,881,873

Niger is famously known as the largest country in West Africa. This country is landlocked in West Africa and also bordered by Mali, Algeria, and Nigeria. The total population of the country for 2020 is 24.1 million approximately. The Sahara Desert covers 80% land of the country. Niger holds the 56th rank in the global population.

Largest cities in Niger by population

The urban population is very low in the country. Only 19 % of the population lives in urban locations. The capital city Niamey is the populous city that consists of 1,302,910 people. The capital city is also the agricultural and military hub of the nation. Zinder is the second-largest city with 191,424 populations.

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Niamey 774,235 Madaoua 24,804
Zinder 191,424 Mayahi 22,183
Maradi 163,487 Tera 21,095
Agadez 124,324 Mirriah 20,724
Alaghsas 88,561 Tibiri 20,019
Tahoua 80,425 Dakoro 19,798
Dosso 49,750 Magaria 19,419
Birni N Konni 48,103 Tillaberi 19,262
Tessaoua 35,775 Nguigmi 17,897
Gaya 33,051 Matamey 16,844
Dogondoutchi 31,767 Illela 16,678
Diffa 27,948 Tanout 15,204
Ayorou 26,290

Niger population history 

The population history shows that the total population is uncontrollably increasing every year. The yearly growth has escalated to nearly 4 % since 2000. Globally the country is moving one step forward in the population rank. The yearly growth was at its peak in the year 2015, which is 3.97%. Therefore, the population history chart of Niger is steep from 2000.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 24,206,644 3.84% 895,929 4,000 15.2 6.95 19 16.50% 4,002,638 0.31% 7,794,798,739 56
2019 23,310,715 3.87% 867,893 4,000 15 7.27 18 16.40% 3,828,158 0.30% 7,713,468,100 57
2018 22,442,822 3.89% 840,440 4,000 15 7.27 18 16.30% 3,664,692 0.29% 7,631,091,040 57
2017 21,602,382 3.91% 813,584 4,000 15 7.27 17 16.30% 3,511,445 0.29% 7,547,858,925 57
2016 20,788,798 3.94% 787,135 4,000 15 7.27 16 16.20% 3,367,638 0.28% 7,464,022,049 58
2015 20,001,663 3.97% 707,528 3,782 14.9 7.35 16 16.20% 3,232,583 0.27% 7,379,797,139 58
2010 16,464,025 3.86% 567,912 -4,000 15 7.55 13 16.20% 2,664,321 0.24% 6,956,823,603 62
2005 13,624,467 3.75% 458,582 -1,899 15.4 7.65 11 16.20% 2,211,934 0.21% 6,541,907,027 64
2000 11,331,557 3.61% 368,254 -1,989 15.9 7.7 9 16.20% 1,837,604 0.18% 6,143,493,823 68
1995 9,490,288 3.41% 292,739 -536 16 7.75 7 15.80% 1,494,849 0.17% 5,744,212,979 78
1990 8,026,591 3.02% 222,119 -15,583 15.8 7.8 6 15.30% 1,231,448 0.15% 5,327,231,061 82
1985 6,915,997 2.92% 185,399 -18,589 15.7 7.9 5 14.50% 1,005,293 0.14% 4,870,921,740 83
1980 5,989,004 2.93% 160,813 -3,628 16 7.75 5 13.40% 805,091 0.13% 4,458,003,514 85
1975 5,184,941 2.83% 134,859 -2,753 15.7 7.6 4 11.40% 592,068 0.13% 4,079,480,606 84
1970 4,510,644 2.88% 119,305 -2,309 15.6 7.55 4 8.80% 396,646 0.12% 3,700,437,046 89
1965 3,914,117 2.92% 105,071 -2,309 15.6 7.5 3 6.80% 266,487 0.12% 3,339,583,597 93
1960 3,388,764 2.77% 86,645 -5,025 15.8 7.4 3 5.80% 196,327 0.11% 3,034,949,748 93
1955 2,955,541 2.92% 79,168 1,000 15.6 7.3 2 5.30% 156,807 0.11% 2,773,019,936 93

Niger population forecast 

The population growth is slightly declining in the future. In the year 2050, the projected population is 48,745,855, which is a 3.32% growth; still, the decrease is way too high for the country. The estimated population for the future years is in 2045 it is 56,837,126, in 2050, it is 65,593,043. Experts say that this increasing population trend of Niger may be problematic if it is not curbed.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 24,206,644 3.89% 840,996 4,000 15.2 6.95 19 16.50% 4,002,638 0.31% 7,794,798,739 56
2025 29,125,520 3.77% 983,775 1,000 15.6 6.95 23 17.40% 5,067,678 0.36% 8,184,437,460 54
2030 34,846,020 3.65% 1,144,100 1,000 16.1 6.95 28 18.80% 6,542,045 0.41% 8,548,487,400 50
2035 41,396,373 3.51% 1,310,071 1,000 16.7 6.95 33 20.70% 8,580,995 0.47% 8,887,524,213 43
2040 48,745,855 3.32% 1,469,896 1,000 17.4 6.95 38 23.30% 11,378,032 0.53% 9,198,847,240 38
2045 56,837,126 3.12% 1,618,254 1,000 18.2 6.95 45 26.40% 14,980,634 0.60% 9,481,803,274 36
2050 65,593,043 2.91% 1,751,183 19 6.95 52 29.70% 19,464,442 0.67% 9,735,033,990 32

Niger demographics 

The infant mortality and deaths under age five are negatively high in Niger than any other country. The mortality and deaths under age five are 39.3 and 72.0. The life expectancy rate is also low, which is 63.62 years. The population pyramid of 2020 shows that the male population is 1.01% higher than the female population. The age chart shows that the working-age group is higher, which is 47.3%.

Niger religion and politics 

The major religion practiced in Niger is Islam. 98% of the population of Niger is Muslims. Other less practiced religion in the country is animist and Christians. The Muslim division in the country is Sunni, and Sufi and the secular law states that wearing a hijab is not mandatory.

Niger economy 

The country is rich in natural resources. The main contributing factor to the economy is the exporting of minerals. The financial system of the economy is weak, but the government is taking measures to increase the infrastructure in the country.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%