Nicaragua Population: 6,596,132

Nicaragua is the largest country in the Central American region. It is specifically located between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. The country is well known for its stunning terrains that are lakes, beaches, and volcanoes. The capital city Managua is the location for the great stratovolcano. The country is an archipelago of rich tropical birdlife.

Nicaragua largest cities by population

Most of the country’s population lives in urban areas. The capital city is the most populous location that is home to 1.03 million residents. Managua is also the 3r largest metropolitan city in Central America. The second significantly largest city is Leon it population exceeds 200000. Masaya, the third populated city, is the central location for agriculture.

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Managua 973,087 San Rafael del Sur 29,836
Leon 144,538 Jinotepe 29,507
Masaya 130,113 Boaco 29,046
Chinandega 126,387 Nagarote 26,270
Matagalpa 109,089 Jalapa 24,037
Esteli 96,422 La Paz Centro 23,481
Granada 89,409 San Marcos 23,347
Jinotega 55,000 Masatepe 21,452
El Viejo 53,504 Nandaime 20,810
Nueva Guinea 52,929 El Rama 20,456
Tipitapa 50,000 Somoto 20,316
Juigalpa 50,000 Corinto 19,183
Ciudad Sandino 50,000 Rio Blanco 17,018
Bluefields 44,373 Camoapa 16,653
Diriamba 35,008 El Crucero 16,469
Ocotal 33,928 Siuna 16,056
Puerto Cabezas 33,635 Somotillo 15,385
Chichigalpa 33,137
Rivas 30,000

Nicaragua population history 

As per the UN records, the population for the quarter end is 6,624,554The population history data shows that the yearly change is fluctuating every year. However, the population of the country is escalating every year. The highest growth was experienced in the year 2000, which is 1.73%. For the past three consecutive years, the global rank remains the same, that is 110.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 6,624,554 1.21% 79,052 -21,272 26.5 2.42 55 57.20% 3,786,513 0.08% 7,794,798,739 110
2019 6,545,502 1.24% 80,001 -21,272 25 2.52 54 57.00% 3,731,933 0.08% 7,713,468,100 110
2018 6,465,501 1.26% 80,655 -21,272 25 2.52 54 56.90% 3,677,985 0.08% 7,631,091,040 110
2017 6,384,846 1.28% 80,872 -21,272 25 2.52 53 56.80% 3,624,780 0.08% 7,547,858,925 111
2016 6,303,974 1.30% 80,734 -21,272 25 2.52 52 56.70% 3,572,493 0.08% 7,464,022,049 111
2015 6,223,240 1.33% 79,835 -27,004 24.6 2.54 52 56.60% 3,521,191 0.08% 7,379,797,139 111
2010 5,824,065 1.38% 77,075 -31,002 22.9 2.68 48 56.10% 3,265,767 0.08% 6,956,823,603 110
2005 5,438,690 1.42% 73,878 -34,802 21.1 2.91 45 55.30% 3,008,904 0.08% 6,541,907,027 109
2000 5,069,302 1.73% 83,423 -29,004 19.3 3.4 42 54.70% 2,774,059 0.08% 6,143,493,823 110
1995 4,652,185 2.20% 95,750 -24,008 17.9 4.2 39 54.00% 2,510,763 0.08% 5,744,212,979 110
1990 4,173,434 2.25% 87,819 -30,006 16.9 5 35 52.70% 2,199,710 0.08% 5,327,231,061 116
1985 3,734,341 2.72% 93,764 -22,004 16.4 5.85 31 51.30% 1,917,021 0.08% 4,870,921,740 114
1980 3,265,519 3.07% 91,732 -11,606 16.4 6.35 27 50.10% 1,634,444 0.07% 4,458,003,514 115
1975 2,806,857 3.13% 80,069 -7,596 16.2 6.75 23 48.70% 1,367,562 0.07% 4,079,480,606 120
1970 2,406,513 3.07% 67,626 -3,802 15.8 6.95 20 46.90% 1,127,826 0.07% 3,700,437,046 121
1965 2,068,381 3.13% 59,050 -2,804 15.4 7.2 17 42.60% 880,894 0.06% 3,339,583,597 125
1960 1,773,129 3.29% 53,005 -2,204 16.4 7.45 15 39.60% 702,450 0.06% 3,034,949,748 123
1955 1,508,102 3.09% 42,622 -2,162 17.4 7.2 13 37.40% 563,437 0.05% 2,773,019,936 125

Nicaragua population forecast 

The yearly change is diminishing in the future, but the population tends to grow. Fertility is high and stable in the future, which is 2.42. In the year 2050, the population is 8,531,048, with a yearly growth of 0.51%. The median age in the country is also significantly increasing. For 2050 the median age is 37.1. The total population of the country in the future will moderately increase, but the yearly change will decrease.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 6,624,554 1.26% 80,263 -21,272 26.5 2.42 55 57.20% 3,786,513 0.08% 7,794,798,739 110
2025 7,008,003 1.13% 76,690 -16,034 28.3 2.42 58 58.10% 4,071,293 0.09% 8,184,437,460 108
2030 7,391,881 1.07% 76,776 -8,000 30 2.42 61 59.40% 4,387,220 0.09% 8,548,487,400 109
2035 7,739,739 0.92% 69,572 -8,000 31.7 2.42 64 60.80% 4,708,736 0.09% 8,887,524,213 110
2040 8,048,745 0.79% 61,801 -8,000 33.5 2.42 67 62.50% 5,031,702 0.09% 9,198,847,240 109
2045 8,314,449 0.65% 53,141 -8,000 35.2 2.42 69 64.30% 5,343,215 0.09% 9,481,803,274 109
2050 8,531,048 0.52% 43,320 37.1 2.42 71 65.90% 5,624,111 0.09% 9,735,033,990 111

Nicaragua demographics 

The population pyramid of 2020 shows the male and female population as 3,264,849 and 3,359,705. From the sex ratio, it is visible that the female population is 0.97 higher than the male. The deaths under age five and infant mortality are very high that are 17.0 and 14.0. Due to the high death rate of infants, the yearly growth in the total population is diminishing. The life expectancy rate for 2020 is 75.23. 

Nicaragua religion and politics 

The religions practiced in the country are Catholics 55%, Protestants 27.2%, and Jehovah’s witnesses 0.9%. The remaining 16.9% are non-believers or any unspecified religion. The constitution of the nation suggests and allows freedom to choose or practice any religion.

Nicaragua economy 

The strength of the economy is the agricultural sector. Some of the popular exports from Nicaragua are coffee, beans, cotton, and banana. Half the GDP comes from the service sector.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%