Mozambique Population: 30,948,222

Mozambique, officially a republic of Mozambique, is a country that is located in the southeastern region of Africa. The neighboring countries in the south-east border are Zimbabwe, Zambia, South Africa, and the Indian Ocean. The Mozambique Channel separates the Madagascar Island from the Mozambique country. The estimated population of 2020 is 31.26 million, and it’s the 46th populous country in the world.

Mozambique largest cities by population

Maputo, the capital city of Mozambique, is the largest city, and its population is 1.2 million. The second highly populated city is Matola, with a population of 675,422. Beira, Nampula, and Chimoio are the next highly populated cities.

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Maputo 1,191,613 Pemba 108,737
Matola 675,422 Dondo 78,648
Beira 530,604 Antonio Enes 74,624
Nampula 388,526 Inhambane 73,884
Chimoio 256,936 Cuamba 73,268
Nacala 224,795 Montepuez 72,279
Quelimane 188,964 Chokwe 63,695
Tete 129,316 Chibuto 59,165
Xai-Xai 127,366 Ilha de Mocambique 54,315
Maxixe 119,868 Mutuali 30,523
Mandimba 118,922 Mocimboa 27,909
Ressano Garcia 110,000 Macia 23,156
Lichinga 109,839 Chinde 16,500

Mozambique population history

The recorded population for the year is 31,255,435. The population of the country is increasing every year. The population growth was at its peak in the year 2018, which is 2.98%. The median age in the country is very low and slowly increasing from 2016 to 2019. The age remains the same, that is 17.2. Due to the increase in population, the global rank of the country has also gone from 48 to 46.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 31,255,435 2.93% 889,399 -5,000 17.6 4.89 40 38.30% 11,978,439 0.40% 7,794,798,739 46
2019 30,366,036 2.95% 870,032 -5,000 17.2 5.16 39 37.80% 11,472,938 0.39% 7,713,468,100 47
2018 29,496,004 2.96% 846,986 -5,000 17.2 5.16 38 37.20% 10,986,620 0.39% 7,631,091,040 47
2017 28,649,018 2.94% 819,080 -5,000 17.2 5.16 36 36.70% 10,519,046 0.38% 7,547,858,925 48
2016 27,829,938 2.91% 787,936 -5,000 17.2 5.16 35 36.20% 10,069,035 0.37% 7,464,022,049 48
2015 27,042,002 2.82% 702,086 -5,000 17.1 5.23 34 35.60% 9,635,602 0.37% 7,379,797,139 48
2010 23,531,574 2.80% 607,530 -8,000 17 5.54 30 32.80% 7,709,657 0.34% 6,956,823,603 49
2005 20,493,925 2.96% 556,400 6,001 17.3 5.8 26 30.60% 6,276,808 0.31% 6,541,907,027 51
2000 17,711,927 2.73% 445,728 -10,000 17.6 5.85 23 29.70% 5,257,395 0.29% 6,143,493,823 53
1995 15,483,286 3.58% 499,199 128,474 17.7 6.1 20 28.00% 4,332,986 0.27% 5,744,212,979 54
1990 12,987,292 0.35% 44,581 -267,212 16.5 6.3 17 25.50% 3,311,912 0.24% 5,327,231,061 55
1985 12,764,387 1.88% 226,839 -75,276 17.8 6.4 16 18.60% 2,379,536 0.26% 4,870,921,740 54
1980 11,630,194 2.73% 292,996 17,475 18.3 6.55 15 13.40% 1,558,995 0.26% 4,458,003,514 53
1975 10,165,215 2.41% 228,495 -4,700 18.2 6.68 13 11.10% 1,124,358 0.25% 4,079,480,606 55
1970 9,022,741 2.34% 196,705 -4,700 18.4 6.71 11 9.10% 823,643 0.24% 3,700,437,046 57
1965 8,039,215 2.27% 170,869 -4,700 18.7 6.56 10 8.00% 644,765 0.24% 3,339,583,597 63
1960 7,184,869 2.00% 135,294 -4,700 19 6.34 9 7.10% 507,470 0.24% 3,034,949,748 62
1955 6,508,398 1.78% 109,886 -4,700 19.2 6.34 8 6.30% 411,022 0.23% 2,773,019,936 63

Mozambique population forecast

There is no drastic change in the population growth as the growth remains over 2% up to 2050. The population in the future years are 52,729,200 in 2040, in 2045 is 58,928,294, in 2050 it is 65,312,929. The global rank of the country goes even more ahead that is to the 30th position. The fertility rate remains the same from 2020 to 2050; it is 4.89. There is considerable growth in the median age in the future years.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 31,255,435 2.94% 842,687 -5,000 17.6 4.89 40 38.30% 11,978,439 0.40% 7,794,798,739 46
2025 35,984,620 2.86% 945,837 -5,000 18.3 4.89 46 41.20% 14,810,679 0.44% 8,184,437,460 44
2030 41,184,834 2.74% 1,040,043 -5,000 19 4.89 52 44.20% 18,195,295 0.48% 8,548,487,400 41
2035 46,786,293 2.58% 1,120,292 -5,000 19.8 4.89 59 47.40% 22,168,384 0.53% 8,887,524,213 38
2040 52,729,200 2.42% 1,188,581 -5,000 20.7 4.89 67 50.70% 26,725,869 0.57% 9,198,847,240 36
2045 58,928,294 2.25% 1,239,819 -5,000 21.8 4.89 75 54.00% 31,831,909 0.62% 9,481,803,274 33
2050 65,312,929 2.08% 1,276,927 22.9 4.89 83 57.40% 37,472,562 0.67% 9,735,033,990 30

Mozambique demographics

The infant death rate is very high in the country that is 44.9. The deaths under age 5 are also negatively high that is 61.1. The life expectancy rate in the country is 62.13 years. The female ratio is 0.95 % higher than the male ratio. The broad age group chart shows that people of 0-14 years of age are 44%, 15-24 years of age are 15.0%, and above 55 years are 4%.

Mozambique religion and politics

The religion in Mozambique is diverse, and most of the population follows Christianity. The population practicing Christianity is 56.1%, 17.9% Is Islam; the remaining 26% are atheist and agonist.

Mozambique economy

Most of the population in the country suffer poverty, and the country is highly dependent upon agriculture. Politics and the businesses in the country are related, so the income distribution is affected, and people suffer hard circumstances.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%