Mongolia population: 3,258,476

Mongolia is a country located in East Asia. Thirty percent of the people are nomadic or semi-nomadic. The horse culture is integral in the country. It is the eighteenth largest sparsely populated state in the world. It has a very small part of arable land because the ground is covered by grassy steppe. Ulaanbaatar is the capital of the country and is also the largest. It is only the residence of 45% of the population. It also comes in the list of coldest capital cities.

Largest cities in Mongolia by population

The other largest cities in Mongolia other than Ulaanbaatar are Erdenet, Darhan, Khovd, OElgii, Ulaangom, etc.

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Ulan Bator 844,818 Bayanhongor 23,234
Erdenet 79,647 Saynshand 19,891
Darhan 74,300 Dzuunharaa 18,830
Khovd 30,500 Zuunmod 17,630
OElgii 28,400 Bulgan 17,348
Ulaangom 28,085 Uliastay 16,240
Hovd 27,924 Baruun-Urt 15,805
Murun-kuren 27,690 Altai 15,800
Bayanhongor 26,252 Mandalgovi 15,430
Arvayheer 25,622 Dalandzadgad 15,093
Suhbaatar 24,235

Mongolia population history 

In the year 2000, the population of Mongolia was 2,397,418. Now the population has increased slightly to 3,278,290. The median age was 22.2, but now it is 28.2. The urban population has also escalated to 2,203,469. The Mongolia world population rank is 136.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 3,278,290 1.65% 53,123 -852 28.2 2.9 2 67.20% 2,203,469 0.04% 7,794,798,739 136
2019 3,225,167 1.73% 54,951 -852 27.3 2.85 2 67.30% 2,170,247 0.04% 7,713,468,100 136
2018 3,170,216 1.81% 56,430 -852 27.3 2.85 2 67.40% 2,136,710 0.04% 7,631,091,040 136
2017 3,113,786 1.88% 57,422 -852 27.3 2.85 2 67.50% 2,102,610 0.04% 7,547,858,925 137
2016 3,056,364 1.93% 57,925 -852 27.3 2.85 2 67.60% 2,067,613 0.04% 7,464,022,049 137
2015 2,998,439 1.97% 55,709 -852 27.1 2.84 2 67.70% 2,031,123 0.04% 7,379,797,139 137
2010 2,719,896 1.49% 38,694 -2,200 25.7 2.4 2 67.40% 1,832,856 0.04% 6,956,823,603 141
2005 2,526,424 1.05% 25,801 -3,000 24 2.08 2 62.50% 1,578,882 0.04% 6,541,907,027 139
2000 2,397,418 0.85% 19,880 -10,493 22 2.4 2 57.10% 1,369,725 0.04% 6,143,493,823 138
1995 2,298,020 1.02% 22,775 -17,686 20.3 3.27 1 56.80% 1,305,410 0.04% 5,744,212,979 138
1990 2,184,145 2.59% 52,453 0 19.3 4.84 1 57.00% 1,245,674 0.04% 5,327,231,061 136
1985 1,921,881 2.61% 46,452 0 18.5 5.75 1 55.00% 1,057,810 0.04% 4,870,921,740 139
1980 1,689,622 2.69% 41,994 0 17.8 6.65 1 52.10% 880,007 0.04% 4,458,003,514 139
1975 1,479,651 2.96% 40,165 0 17.5 7.5 1 48.70% 719,938 0.04% 4,079,480,606 139
1970 1,278,825 2.93% 34,340 0 18.3 7.5 1 45.10% 576,139 0.03% 3,700,437,046 140
1965 1,107,124 2.99% 30,324 0 20.4 7.5 1 42.10% 466,259 0.03% 3,339,583,597 140
1960 955,505 2.25% 20,080 0 23 6.3 1 35.70% 340,919 0.03% 3,034,949,748 140
1955 855,103 1.85% 14,981 0 24.3 5.6 1 26.60% 227,618 0.03% 2,773,019,936 140

Mongolia population forecast 

It is expected that the population of the country will grow to 4,448,930. This is only a slight change. The median age will rise to number 32.7. The urban population will also grow to the numbers 3,167,269. Then the global population rank of the country will reach 132.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 3,278,290 1.80% 55,970 -852 28.2 2.9 2 67.20% 2,203,469 0.04% 7,794,798,739 136
2025 3,513,907 1.40% 47,123 -852 29 2.9 2 67.20% 2,362,934 0.04% 8,184,437,460 135
2030 3,716,210 1.13% 40,461 -852 29.2 2.9 2 67.70% 2,514,445 0.04% 8,548,487,400 134
2035 3,904,133 0.99% 37,585 -852 29.2 2.9 3 68.30% 2,666,400 0.04% 8,887,524,213 131
2040 4,089,203 0.93% 37,014 -852 30 2.9 3 69.10% 2,827,310 0.04% 9,198,847,240 131
2045 4,272,631 0.88% 36,686 -852 31.4 2.9 3 70.20% 2,998,412 0.05% 9,481,803,274 132
2050 4,448,930 0.81% 35,260 32.7 2.9 3 71.20% 3,167,269 0.05% 9,735,033,990 132

Mongolia demographics 

The life expectancy of the population of Mongolia will be 70.53 years. The infant mortality rate is 14.8. The sex ratio of the male population is 49.26% for the population share 1,615,039. The sex ratio of the female population is 50.74% for the population share 1,663,253.

Mongolia religion and politics 

The faith of Buddhism dominates Mongolia because of the traditional Mongolian Shamanism. This is the ethnic religion. There are also small portions of Muslims as well as Christians in the region.

Mongolia follows the political framework of the semi-presidential representative democratic. There is a multi-party system. The power is exercised by the ruling president as well as the government. The current president of the country is Battulga Khaltmaa, and the party he belongs to is the Democratic Party. The prime minister of the country is Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh, who belongs to the Mongolian People’s party.

Mongolia economy 

The country of Mongolia’s work is specifically based on the fields of agriculture and livestock. There are extensive deposits of mineral in the country, such as copper, tin, coal, tungsten, gold, etc. It is majorly used for industrial uses. The GDP rank of the state is 126.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%