Mauritania Population: 4,605,777

Mauritania is officially a republic of Mauritania, and it is largely an Islamic nation. Mauritania is exactly located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. Some of the neighboring countries bordering it are Sahara, Algeria, Atlantic Ocean, and Mali. Mauritania is considered as the 27th largest country by the total land area covered. The estimated population of Mauritania for 2020 is 4.6 million.

Mauritania largest cities by population

60% of the population in Mauritania resides in the central locations. The first largest city by population is the capital city Nouakchott exceeding a population of one million. Nouakchott is also the economic and administrative hub of the country. Nouadhibou is the next metropolitan city with 73000 residents. The other main cities are Nema and kaedi. Its population is under 100000.

CITY NAME POPULATION
Nouakchott 661,400
Nouadhibou 72,337
Nema 60,000
Kaedi 55,374
Rosso 48,922
Kiffa 40,281
Zouerate 38,000
Atar 24,021
Tekane 22,041
Selibaby 18,424
Aleg 15,211

Mauritania population history

The population of Mauritania is rising every year. In the past decade, the highest population was recorded in 2015, which is a 2.98% growth. The median age in the year 2000 is very low, which is 17.9, but the median age in 2020 is 20.1, which is decent growth. The fertility rate in the year 2000 is very high, that is 5.52, but in recent years it is declining. The global rank of Mauritania remains the same for the past four years, which is 127.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 4,649,658 2.74% 123,962 5,000 20.1 4.59 5 56.90% 2,646,714 0.06% 7,794,798,739 127
2019 4,525,696 2.78% 122,383 5,000 19.7 4.82 4 56.10% 2,540,632 0.06% 7,713,468,100 127
2018 4,403,313 2.82% 120,743 5,000 19.7 4.82 4 55.30% 2,436,744 0.06% 7,631,091,040 127
2017 4,282,570 2.86% 119,037 5,000 19.7 4.82 4 54.50% 2,334,906 0.06% 7,547,858,925 127
2016 4,163,533 2.90% 117,232 5,000 19.7 4.82 4 53.70% 2,234,912 0.06% 7,464,022,049 128
2015 4,046,301 2.98% 110,421 5,000 19.6 4.88 4 52.80% 2,136,699 0.05% 7,379,797,139 129
2010 3,494,195 2.93% 94,000 2,000 19.1 5.07 3 48.10% 1,681,621 0.05% 6,956,823,603 132
2005 3,024,194 2.83% 78,795 -2,001 18.5 5.3 3 43.60% 1,318,368 0.05% 6,541,907,027 135
2000 2,630,219 2.60% 63,318 -8,801 17.9 5.52 3 39.20% 1,032,034 0.04% 6,143,493,823 137
1995 2,313,630 2.61% 55,857 -8,924 17.6 5.72 2 38.90% 900,703 0.04% 5,744,212,979 137
1990 2,034,346 2.71% 50,863 -8,000 17.4 6.05 2 39.20% 798,307 0.04% 5,327,231,061 140
1985 1,780,030 2.93% 47,878 -3,220 17.3 6.3 2 34.80% 619,375 0.04% 4,870,921,740 140
1980 1,540,640 2.97% 42,008 -1,940 17.1 6.57 1 27.30% 419,900 0.03% 4,458,003,514 140
1975 1,330,598 3.02% 36,764 -1,190 16.9 6.75 1 20.50% 273,299 0.03% 4,079,480,606 141
1970 1,146,780 3.07% 32,174 -552 17 6.79 1 14.60% 167,332 0.03% 3,700,437,046 141
1965 985,910 3.00% 27,105 -364 17.4 6.79 1 10.20% 100,130 0.03% 3,339,583,597 143
1960 850,384 2.87% 22,417 -320 17.8 6.71 1 6.90% 59,044 0.03% 3,034,949,748 142
1955 738,299 2.53% 17,373 -260 18 6.34 1 4.70% 34,636 0.03% 2,773,019,936 143

Mauritania population forecast

The yearly change rate of Mauritania is slowing down in the future years. However, this will not affect the overall population. The 2050 projections show that the yearly change decreases by 1.90%. The population of Mauritania in 2030 is 6,680,816, in 2040 it is 7,432,083 and in 2050 it is 9,024,892. The fertility rate in the country remains the same from 2020 to 2050, which is 4.59. The median age is increasing in 2050 that is 24.4.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 4,649,658 2.82% 120,671 5,000 20.1 4.59 5 56.90% 2,646,714 0.06% 7,794,798,739 127
2025 5,290,949 2.62% 128,258 4,001 20.7 4.59 5 60.60% 3,206,736 0.06% 8,184,437,460 125
2030 5,967,168 2.43% 135,244 3,000 21.4 4.59 6 63.80% 3,807,767 0.07% 8,548,487,400 121
2035 6,680,816 2.29% 142,730 3,000 22.3 4.59 6 66.50% 4,444,113 0.08% 8,887,524,213 115
2040 7,432,083 2.15% 150,253 3,000 23.1 4.59 7 68.70% 5,105,847 0.08% 9,198,847,240 114
2045 8,215,471 2.02% 156,678 3,000 23.9 4.59 8 70.60% 5,802,413 0.09% 9,481,803,274 112
2050 9,024,892 1.90% 161,884 24.7 4.59 9 72.40% 6,532,273 0.09% 9,735,033,990 106

Mauritania demographics

The average life expectancy rate in the country is projected as 65.57 years. The infant death per 1000 live births is calculated as 48.2. The deaths under age 5 per 1000 live births are 71.2.

Mauritania religion and politics

The predominant religion in Mauritania is Islam. Islamic Sufism strongly influences most of the population. Some stats show that 100% of the population is Muslims. However, smaller religions, such as Christianity and Jews, exist in the country.

Mauritania economy

The resident’s livelihood is dependent upon agriculture and livestock. There has been a considerable increase in oil exports to foreign countries. However, the economy of Mauritania is unstable due to wealth inequality and financial mismanagement.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%