Malawi Population: 18,955,820

Malawi is a densely populated landlocked country which is located in sub-Saharan Africa. It shares its borders with Tanzania, Zambia, and Mozambique. The country covers a total area of 118,484 km2. This country has the nickname of “The Warm Heart of Africa” due to the friendliness of the people. English is the official language.

Largest Cities by Population in Malawi

Lilongwe has the highest population, followed by Blantyre, Mzuzu, and Zomba.

CITY NAME POPULATION
Lilongwe 646,750
Blantyre 584,877
Mzuzu 175,345
Zomba 80,932
Kasungu 42,555
Mangochi 40,236
Karonga 34,207
Salima 30,052
Nkhotakota 24,865
Liwonde 22,469
Nsanje 21,774
Rumphi 20,727
Mzimba 19,308
Balaka 18,902
Mchinji 18,305
Mulanje 16,483
Dedza 15,608

Malawi Population History

The population is seen to have a steady increase since 1990. Only 9.4 million was the population of Malawi, and today the population has increased by 111%. Since 2000, the annual rate of population has remained around 3%.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 19,129,952 2.69% 501,205 -16,053 18.1 4.25 203 18.50% 3,534,836 0.25% 7,794,798,739 62
2019 18,628,747 2.68% 485,530 -16,053 17.4 4.75 198 18.20% 3,386,573 0.24% 7,713,468,100 63
2018 18,143,217 2.68% 473,021 -16,053 17.4 4.75 192 17.90% 3,245,933 0.24% 7,631,091,040 64
2017 17,670,196 2.70% 464,935 -16,053 17.4 4.75 187 17.60% 3,112,590 0.23% 7,547,858,925 64
2016 17,205,261 2.75% 459,958 -16,053 17.4 4.75 182 17.40% 2,986,276 0.23% 7,464,022,049 65
2015 16,745,303 2.87% 441,138 -16,053 17.2 4.88 178 17.10% 2,866,700 0.23% 7,379,797,139 66
2010 14,539,612 2.86% 382,732 -11,833 16.6 5.73 154 16.20% 2,357,581 0.21% 6,956,823,603 68
2005 12,625,952 2.52% 295,439 -11,833 16.6 6 134 15.50% 1,962,982 0.19% 6,541,907,027 69
2000 11,148,758 2.52% 260,869 -11,833 16.9 6.2 118 14.90% 1,662,050 0.18% 6,143,493,823 69
1995 9,844,415 0.92% 87,983 -172,379 17.4 6.5 104 13.40% 1,314,278 0.17% 5,744,212,979 76
1990 9,404,500 5.29% 427,247 175,415 17.5 7.25 100 11.60% 1,090,992 0.18% 5,327,231,061 73
1985 7,268,267 3.06% 203,565 0 16.8 7.6 77 10.10% 732,861 0.15% 4,870,921,740 81
1980 6,250,440 3.03% 173,129 2,800 17.1 7.6 66 8.90% 557,771 0.14% 4,458,003,514 83
1975 5,384,795 2.74% 136,203 -3,000 17.4 7.4 57 7.50% 404,986 0.13% 4,079,480,606 83
1970 4,703,782 2.61% 113,864 0 17.9 7.2 50 5.90% 278,646 0.13% 3,700,437,046 85
1965 4,134,460 2.47% 94,895 0 18.1 7 44 4.80% 199,188 0.12% 3,339,583,597 89
1960 3,659,984 2.28% 77,887 0 18 6.9 39 4.30% 158,848 0.12% 3,034,949,748 88
1955 3,270,548 2.06% 63,335 0 17.7 6.85 35 3.90% 127,621 0.12% 2,773,019,936 89

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Malawi Population forecast

According to the econometric models, the population of Malawi is estimated to reach 19.08 million by the end of 2020. It is projected to trend around 19.55 million and 20.02 million in the coming year 2021 and 2022, respectively. By the end of 2050, the population is expected to reach 38 million if the fertility rate is kept constant.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 19,129,952 2.70% 476,930 -16,053 18.1 4.25 203 18.50% 3,534,836 0.25% 7,794,798,739 62
2025 21,857,472 2.70% 545,504 -6,177 19.1 4.25 232 20.20% 4,407,124 0.27% 8,184,437,460 62
2030 24,849,440 2.60% 598,394 -6,000 20.1 4.25 264 22.30% 5,551,124 0.29% 8,548,487,400 60
2035 28,022,273 2.43% 634,567 -6,000 21.2 4.25 297 25.10% 7,021,730 0.32% 8,887,524,213 59
2040 31,317,322 2.25% 659,010 -6,000 22.2 4.25 332 28.10% 8,808,675 0.34% 9,198,847,240 57
2045 34,703,793 2.07% 677,294 -6,000 23.3 4.25 368 31.50% 10,916,620 0.37% 9,481,803,274 58
2050 38,142,973 1.91% 687,836 24.4 4.25 405 35.00% 13,360,225 0.39% 9,735,033,990 54

Malawi Demographics

The total population of Malawi is 18,947,225, which represents 0.25% of the total world population. This can be stated as one person out of every 453 people in the world is a resident of Malawi. This country ranks 62 in the list of countries by population. The population density is calculated to be 203 persons per Km2. The median age is 18.1 years, and 18.5% of the population is urban. The life expectancy at birth is 65.62 years. The ethnic groups seen are Chewa 34.3%, Lomwe 18.8%, Yao 13.2%, Ngoni 10.4%, Tumbuka 9.2%, Sena 3.8%, Mang’anja 3.2%, Tonga 1.8%, Nyanja 1.8%, Nkhonde 1%, other 2.2%, and foreign 0.3%.

Malawi Religion & Politics

The religion followed by the population are Protestant 33.5%, Roman Catholic 17.2%, other Christian 26.6%, Muslim 13.8%, traditionalist 1.1%, other 5.6%, and none 2.1%.

The political framework is Republic with executive President. The President also serves as the head of the cabinet.

Malawi Economy

The economic performance of the whole country is restrained by poor infrastructure, corruption, high population growth, poor education, which ultimately affects labor productivity. The agriculture sector accounts for 80% of export revenues and one-third of GDP. Outside assistance is acquired from the IMF and the World Bank to improvise Malawi’s economy.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%