Madagascar Population: 27,420,928

Madagascar, which is termed as the republic of Madagascar, is an island located in the Indian Ocean. It is the world’s second-largest island. There are also small islands found in Madagascar. The official languages spoken Madagascar are Malagasy and French. Agriculture and ecotourism are some of the main functions of Madagascar. It is a member of the United Nations and the African Union.

Largest cities in Madagascar by population 

The highest populated cities in Madagascar are Antananarivo, Toamasina, Antsirabe, Fianarantsoa, and Mahajanga.

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Antananarivo 1,391,433 Ikongo 32,374 Ampahana 25,000
Toamasina 206,373 Antsohimbondrona 32,080 Farafangana 24,764
Antsirabe 186,253 Manjakandriana 31,840 Maevatanana 24,000
Fianarantsoa 167,227 Sambava 31,522 Belo sur Tsiribihina 23,900
Mahajanga 154,657 Fandriana 31,437 Maroantsetra 23,859
Toliara 115,319 Marovoay 31,253 Vangaindrano 23,523
Antsiranana 82,937 Betioky 31,102 Beloha 23,021
Antanifotsy 70,626 Ambanja 30,621 Hell-Ville 22,680
Ambovombe 66,818 Ambositra 30,353 Ambato Boeny 22,529
Ambilobe 56,000 Tsiombe 29,825 Arivonimamo 21,982
Amparafaravola 51,519 Betafo 29,785 Sakaraha 21,826
Tolanaro 45,141 Moramanga 29,212 Antsohihy 21,290
Ambatondrazaka 43,134 Ambatolampy 28,461 Fenoarivo Atsinanana 21,036
Mananara 41,209 Ambalavao 28,027 Ampasimanolotra 21,000
Soavinandriana 40,453 Sahavato 28,000 Soanindrariny 21,000
Mahanoro 39,879 Mananjary 27,686 Sitampiky 21,000
Soanierana Ivongo 39,271 Tsiroanomandidy 27,060 Andapa 20,798
Faratsiho 37,563 Miandrarivo 27,000 Miandrivazo 20,631
Nosy Varika 37,152 Vohipaho 27,000 Vondrozo 19,949
Vavatenina 36,916 Marolambo 26,160 Andilamena 19,750
Morondava 36,803 Ambatofinandrahana 25,997 Fenoarivo Be 19,605
Amboasary 36,082 Ankazoabo 25,961 Anjozorobe 19,027
Manakara 35,499 Ampanihy 25,686
Antalaha 34,112 Vohibinany 25,311

Madagascar Population history 

The population of Madagascar in the year 2000 was 15,766,806. Now it has increased to 26,969,307. The median age of the place was 17.3, but now it is 19.6. The urban population of the country is now 10,670,252. The global rank of Madagascar is 51.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 27,691,018 2.68% 721,711 -1,500 19.6 4.11 48 38.50% 10,670,252 0.36% 7,794,798,739 51
2019 26,969,307 2.69% 706,994 -1,500 18.9 4.34 46 37.90% 10,211,029 0.35% 7,713,468,100 51
2018 26,262,313 2.71% 691,801 -1,500 18.9 4.34 45 37.20% 9,767,285 0.34% 7,631,091,040 51
2017 25,570,512 2.72% 676,142 -1,500 18.9 4.34 44 36.50% 9,339,025 0.34% 7,547,858,925 51
2016 24,894,370 2.72% 660,282 -1,500 18.9 4.34 43 35.90% 8,926,246 0.33% 7,464,022,049 52
2015 24,234,088 2.76% 616,490 -1,500 18.7 4.4 42 35.20% 8,528,793 0.33% 7,379,797,139 52
2010 21,151,640 2.90% 562,983 -1,500 18 4.83 36 31.90% 6,755,337 0.30% 6,956,823,603 55
2005 18,336,724 3.07% 513,984 -1,500 17.5 5.28 32 28.80% 5,283,543 0.28% 6,541,907,027 58
2000 15,766,806 3.19% 458,281 -1,700 17.3 5.8 27 27.10% 4,276,171 0.26% 6,143,493,823 59
1995 13,475,400 3.05% 375,353 -1,900 17.2 6.1 23 25.80% 3,476,130 0.23% 5,744,212,979 62
1990 11,598,633 2.88% 307,028 -2,000 17.1 6.25 20 23.60% 2,733,282 0.22% 5,327,231,061 62
1985 10,063,495 2.92% 269,388 -2,000 16.9 6.5 17 20.90% 2,106,614 0.21% 4,870,921,740 62
1980 8,716,553 2.90% 232,105 -6,000 16.8 6.95 15 18.50% 1,614,681 0.20% 4,458,003,514 67
1975 7,556,026 2.82% 195,944 -3,800 17 7.2 13 16.30% 1,234,215 0.19% 4,079,480,606 67
1970 6,576,305 2.65% 161,417 -1,600 17.2 7.3 11 14.10% 927,259 0.18% 3,700,437,046 68
1965 5,769,218 2.50% 133,969 0 17.9 7.3 10 12.40% 714,199 0.17% 3,339,583,597 73
1960 5,099,373 2.34% 111,166 0 19.2 7.3 9 10.60% 542,656 0.17% 3,034,949,748 73
1955 4,543,542 2.16% 91,998 0 20.2 7.3 8 9.10% 414,442 0.16% 2,773,019,936 73

Madagascar population forecast 

The population of Madagascar will increase in the following years according to the estimation. The population in the year 2050 is expected to be 54,048,128. The median age of the country will be 24.8. The urban population of the country is expected to be 31,157,741. Then the global population rank of the country will be 38.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 27,691,018 2.70% 691,386 -1,500 19.6 4.11 48 38.50% 10,670,252 0.36% 7,794,798,739 51
2025 31,509,841 2.62% 763,765 -1,500 20.4 4.11 54 41.90% 13,199,949 0.38% 8,184,437,460 51
2030 35,622,321 2.48% 822,496 -1,500 21.2 4.11 61 45.20% 16,101,660 0.42% 8,548,487,400 49
2035 39,948,586 2.32% 865,253 -1,500 22 4.11 69 48.40% 19,327,758 0.45% 8,887,524,213 45
2040 44,471,365 2.17% 904,556 -1,500 22.9 4.11 76 51.50% 22,905,168 0.48% 9,198,847,240 42
2045 49,174,969 2.03% 940,721 -1,500 23.8 4.11 85 54.60% 26,853,051 0.52% 9,481,803,274 39
2050 54,048,128 1.91% 974,632 24.8 4.11 93 57.60% 31,157,741 0.56% 9,735,033,990 38

Madagascar demographics 

The life expectancy of the population in Madagascar is 68.21 years. The infant mortality of the country is 23.0. The sex ratio of the male population is 49.89% for the population share 13,814,619. The sex ratio of the female population is 50.11% for the population share 13,876,400.

Madagascar religion and politics 

52 percent of the people in Madagascar follows the indigenous benefits. 41 percent of the population follow Christianity, and the Muslim population is 7 percent. The local religious population report that half of it follows the Christian population. The Christian population is Anglicans, Roman Catholics, Lutherans, and FJKM.

The politics of Madagascar follows the framework of the semi-presidential representative democratic republic. The president is the head of the state, and the prime minister is the head of the government. The first president of Madagascar was Philibert Tsiranana. The parliament of Madagascar has two chambers.

 Madagascar economy 

The economy of Madagascar is termed as the free market economy. The well-developed industry of agriculture supports this in Madagascar. There are also other industries, too, such as textile, mining, and vanilla. The main crops produced are rice and cassava. It is one of the world’s fastest developing economies. The Agriculture that consists of fishing and forestry is Madagascar’s hugest growing industry.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%