Kazakhstan Population: 18,695,127

Kazakhstan is a well known transcontinental country that is located mostly in the East European region. Kazakhstan is officially a republic of Kazakhstan. It is the ninth largest country by the land area covered. The population estimated for the current year is 18.74 million. The neighboring countries of Kazakhstan are Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.

Kazakhstan largest cities by population

The largest city in Kazakhstan is Almaty, with a population of 2,000,900. Karagandy is the next populated city, and its population is 451,800. Other popular and largest populated cities are Shymkent, Taraz, and Nur sultan.

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Almaty 2,000,900 Balqash 81,364 Zharkent 34,422
Karagandy 451,800 Sarkand 76,919 Zhangatas 33,492
Shymkent 414,032 Baikonur 70,000 Ayagoz 33,479
Taraz 358,153 Kentau 57,408 Aral 33,017
Nur-Sultan 345,604 Ridder 52,664 Esik 32,995
Pavlodar 329,002 Qulsary 51,216 Shieli 29,832
Ust-Kamenogorsk 319,067 Shchuchinsk 47,290 Kandyagash 28,196
Kyzylorda 300,000 Stepnogorsk 46,736 Shalqar 27,399
Kyzyl-Orda 300,000 Zyryanovsk 44,929 Shalkar 27,072
Semey 292,780 Aksu 44,808 Tekeli 26,678
Aktobe 262,457 Dzhetygara 43,104 Belyye Vody 26,115
Kostanay 210,000 Soran 42,552 Chardara 25,356
Petropavl 200,920 Talghar 42,194 Saryaghash 25,139
Oral 200,000 Kapshagay 42,167 Khromtau 23,715
Atyrau 180,000 Arkalyk 42,000 Georgievka 22,047
Temirtau 170,600 Shakhtinsk 41,602 Yanykurgan 21,339
Aktau 147,443 Lisakovsk 40,000 Lenger 21,238
Kokshetau 124,444 Chu 39,785 Burunday 20,996
Rudnyy 124,000 Karatau 37,881 Ush-Tyube 20,492
Ekibastuz 121,470 Arys 36,285 Shemonaikha 20,087
Taldykorgan 116,558 Ayteke Bi 35,883 Zhosaly 20,065
Zhezqazghan 104,357 Abay 35,454 Balykshi 19,260
Zhanaozen 103,598 Aqsay 34,799
Turkestan 97,360 Atbasar 34,797

Kazakhstan population history 

The estimated population of Kazakhstan for the mid-year of 2020 is 18,776,707. Up to 2000, there was a very decreasing population rate in Kazakhstan. In 2000 the population recorded is 14,922,719 that is a -1.19 %. However, after 2000 there was a sudden increase in the total population. In 2005 the population data is 15,402,807 that is a 0.64% increase. This increase makes Kazakhstan the 64th populous country.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 18,776,707 1.21% 225,280 -18,000 30.7 2.76 7 57.70% 10,828,881 0.24% 7,794,798,739 64
2019 18,551,427 1.27% 231,809 -18,000 29.6 2.69 7 57.70% 10,698,322 0.24% 7,713,468,100 64
2018 18,319,618 1.33% 239,599 -18,000 29.6 2.69 7 57.70% 10,568,980 0.24% 7,631,091,040 63
2017 18,080,019 1.40% 249,118 -18,000 29.6 2.69 7 57.70% 10,437,728 0.24% 7,547,858,925 63
2016 17,830,901 1.47% 258,885 -18,000 29.6 2.69 7 57.80% 10,300,410 0.24% 7,464,022,049 63
2015 17,572,016 1.57% 263,947 31,961 29.4 2.67 7 57.80% 10,151,168 0.24% 7,379,797,139 63
2010 16,252,279 1.08% 169,894 -7,039 28.9 2.54 6 57.30% 9,319,106 0.23% 6,956,823,603 63
2005 15,402,807 0.64% 96,018 8,906 28.6 2.01 6 57.00% 8,775,200 0.24% 6,541,907,027 62
2000 14,922,719 -1.19% -183,329 -252,302 27.8 2 6 56.60% 8,446,937 0.24% 6,143,493,823 62
1995 15,839,363 -0.67% -108,905 -287,879 27.1 2.55 6 56.60% 8,966,986 0.28% 5,744,212,979 53
1990 16,383,887 0.90% 143,658 -134,857 26 3.03 6 56.80% 9,306,548 0.31% 5,327,231,061 50
1985 15,665,595 1.15% 173,884 -86,654 24.6 3.04 6 56.50% 8,843,705 0.32% 4,870,921,740 46
1980 14,796,174 1.04% 149,190 -87,052 23.5 3.23 5 54.50% 8,070,301 0.33% 4,458,003,514 45
1975 14,050,226 1.51% 202,817 -25,620 22.3 3.61 5 52.90% 7,427,349 0.34% 4,079,480,606 40
1970 13,036,139 1.94% 238,844 34,669 21.8 3.67 5 50.50% 6,585,970 0.35% 3,700,437,046 40
1965 11,841,920 3.57% 381,471 138,824 22.4 4.43 4 47.30% 5,602,843 0.35% 3,339,583,597 50
1960 9,934,563 4.60% 400,408 197,156 22.9 4.56 4 44.50% 4,418,028 0.33% 3,034,949,748 44
1955 7,932,521 3.43% 245,906 102,236 23.3 4.41 3 40.70% 3,231,136 0.29% 2,773,019,936 50

Kazakhstan population forecast 

The population of Kazakhstan seems to be steadily increasing in the future years. However, the growth rate from 1% decreases to 0.50% every year approximately. The population anticipated for the year 2050 is 24,024,045 that is a 0.60% growth. The median age and the urban population are also steadily increasing in the future years. The fertility rate of Kazakhstan remains constant over the years 2020 to 2050, which is 2.76. The global rank of Kazakhstan from 64 slides to 68th position in the year 2050.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 18,776,707 1.34% 240,938 -18,000 30.7 2.76 7 57.70% 10,828,881 0.24% 7,794,798,739 64
2025 19,787,746 1.05% 202,208 0 31.8 2.76 7 58.10% 11,494,249 0.24% 8,184,437,460 64
2030 20,639,021 0.85% 170,255 0 32 2.76 8 59.00% 12,185,757 0.24% 8,548,487,400 68
2035 21,483,450 0.81% 168,886 0 31.4 2.76 8 60.30% 12,963,352 0.24% 8,887,524,213 68
2040 22,370,405 0.81% 177,391 0 31.8 2.76 8 62.00% 13,864,117 0.24% 9,198,847,240 68
2045 23,242,947 0.77% 174,508 0 32.9 2.76 9 64.00% 14,867,034 0.25% 9,481,803,274 68
2050 24,024,045 0.66% 156,220 34.2 2.76 9 66.00% 15,866,113 0.25% 9,735,033,990 68

Kazakhstan demographics 

The life expectancy rate in the country is estimated at 74.90 years. Due to the high infant mortality rate and deaths under age 5, the population is decreasing. The current year mortality and death rates are 6.5 and 8.5. The male and female population is recorded as 48.53% and 51.47%. The male to female sex ratio is 0.94, which is the female population is higher. The age chart shows the age group 24-55 is highly populated.

Kazakhstan religion and politics 

Islam is the major religion in Kazakhstan. 70% of the population follows and practices Islam as their religion. 26% of the population follows Christianity, and 4% either non-religious or follow other sorts of religion.

Kazakhstan economy 

The economy of Kazakhstan is a rapidly growing economy. In just 20 years, the country has experienced growth from a moderate economy to an upper-middle economy. The GDP per capita is also increasing in 20 years that has been a 6% growth in the total GDP. The sectors contributing to the country’s economy are energy, retail, service, technology, and tourism.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%