Indonesia Population: 272,410,401

Indonesia is the 4th most populated nation in the world. It is a sovereign archipelago, located in Southeast Asia. It is ranked 4th after China, India, and the USA. 14 cities in Indonesia have over 1 million population. 10 cities are the largest within Indonesia. The population of Indonesia is equivalent to the overall global population to 3.51 percent. Indonesia is 4 in rank in the country’s population listing and dependencies.

The largest cities in Indonesia by population

Here are the largest cities in Indonesia according to the population

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Jakarta 8,540,121 Pontianak 455,173 Ciputat 207,858
Surabaya 2,374,658 Manado 451,893 Ciampea 207,212
Medan 1,750,971 Balikpapan 433,866 Cileungsir 202,190
Bandung 1,699,719 Jambi City 420,323 Rengasdengklok 201,463
Bekasi 1,520,119 Ambon 355,596 Sumedang 200,000
Palembang 1,441,500 Samarinda 355,160 Kendari 195,006
Tangerang 1,372,124 Mataram 318,674 Parung 193,898
Makassar 1,321,717 Percut 311,063 Tanjung Pinang 192,493
South Tangerang 1,303,569 Bengkulu 309,712 Curug 191,406
Semarang 1,288,084 Jember 298,585 Labuan Bajo 188,724
Depok 1,198,129 Palu 282,431 Cibinong 188,663
Batam 1,164,352 Kupang 282,396 Madiun 186,099
Padang 840,352 Sukabumi 276,414 Pemalang 184,149
Denpasar 834,881 Tasikmalaya 271,143 Lembang 183,130
Bandar Lampung 800,348 Pekalongan 257,945 Probolinggo 181,656
Bogor 800,000 Cirebon 254,298 Pamulang 174,557
Malang 746,716 Banda Aceh 250,757 Cikupa 174,041
Pekanbaru 703,956 Tegal 237,084 Salatiga 172,645
City of Balikpapan 700,000 Kediri 235,143 Plumbon 167,105
Yogyakarta 636,660 Binjai 228,763 Banjaran 164,952
Situbondo 600,000 Purwokerto 217,222 Serang 164,767
Banjarmasin 572,837 Purwakarta 215,803 Lawang 159,380
Surakarta 555,308 Loa Janan 212,816
Cimahi 493,698 Pematangsiantar 209,614

Indonesia Population History

According to the 2000 national census, of the 2000 total population, 0-14 years aged was 27.3 percent, 15-64 years aged was 66.5 percent, and over 65 yrs aged were 6.1 percent. Net migration loss is of around 1.08 individuals with a 1.04 percent yearly growth rate.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 273,523,615 1.07% 2,898,047 -98,955 29.7 2.32 151 56.40% 154,188,546 3.51% 7,794,798,739 4
2019 270,625,568 1.10% 2,955,025 -98,955 28.8 2.42 149 55.80% 150,900,390 3.51% 7,713,468,100 4
2018 267,670,543 1.14% 3,019,580 -98,955 28.8 2.42 148 55.10% 147,603,006 3.51% 7,631,091,040 4
2017 264,650,963 1.18% 3,094,582 -98,955 28.8 2.42 146 54.50% 144,294,861 3.51% 7,547,858,925 4
2016 261,556,381 1.23% 3,173,125 -98,955 28.8 2.42 144 53.90% 140,972,925 3.50% 7,464,022,049 4
2015 258,383,256 1.33% 3,309,808 -90,889 28.5 2.45 143 53.30% 137,634,761 3.50% 7,379,797,139 4
2010 241,834,215 1.34% 3,108,949 -266,737 27.2 2.5 133 50.10% 121,052,980 3.48% 6,956,823,603 4
2005 226,289,470 1.36% 2,955,129 -229,931 25.6 2.53 125 46.00% 104,155,654 3.46% 6,541,907,027 4
2000 211,513,823 1.44% 2,915,913 -13,534 24.4 2.55 117 42.00% 88,851,487 3.44% 6,143,493,823 4
1995 196,934,260 1.66% 3,104,172 -7,082 22.8 2.9 109 36.10% 71,053,577 3.43% 5,744,212,979 4
1990 181,413,402 1.92% 3,286,190 52,256 21.3 3.4 100 30.60% 55,491,343 3.41% 5,327,231,061 4
1985 164,982,451 2.27% 3,506,923 95,016 19.9 4.11 91 26.10% 43,049,412 3.39% 4,870,921,740 4
1980 147,447,836 2.44% 3,353,422 75,749 19.1 4.73 81 22.10% 32,601,807 3.31% 4,458,003,514 4
1975 130,680,727 2.63% 3,177,510 101,655 18.5 5.3 72 19.30% 25,252,096 3.20% 4,079,480,606 5
1970 114,793,178 2.74% 2,905,223 111,212 18.6 5.57 63 17.10% 19,603,959 3.10% 3,700,437,046 5
1965 100,267,062 2.70% 2,503,199 89,993 19.4 5.62 55 15.80% 15,838,170 3.00% 3,339,583,597 6
1960 87,751,068 2.58% 2,095,529 80,536 20.2 5.67 48 14.60% 12,805,184 2.89% 3,034,949,748 6
1955 77,273,425 2.13% 1,546,022 75,743 20.4 5.49 43 13.50% 10,404,671 2.79% 2,773,019,936 6

Indonesia Population Forecast

As per UN data, the Indonesian urban population shall increase to 234,104,967 by the mid-21st century. But, the Indonesian share in the global population will vary from the current share of 3.51 percent to 3.40 percent.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 273,523,615 1.15% 3,028,072 -98,955 29.7 2.32 151 56.40% 154,188,546 3.51% 7,794,798,739 4
2025 287,089,635 0.97% 2,713,204 -105,450 31 2.32 158 59.30% 170,361,295 3.51% 8,184,437,460 4
2030 299,198,430 0.83% 2,421,759 -100,007 32.4 2.32 165 62.10% 185,755,185 3.50% 8,548,487,400 4
2035 309,764,944 0.70% 2,113,303 -94,464 33.8 2.32 171 64.60% 200,062,259 3.49% 8,887,524,213 4
2040 318,637,858 0.57% 1,774,583 -94,465 35.1 2.32 176 66.80% 212,896,712 3.46% 9,198,847,240 5
2045 325,705,348 0.44% 1,413,498 -94,247 36.2 2.32 180 68.80% 224,183,450 3.44% 9,481,803,274 5
2050 330,904,664 0.32% 1,039,863 37.4 2.32 183 70.70% 234,104,967 3.40% 9,735,033,990 6

Indonesia Demographics

Indonesia has over 300 different linguistic and ethnic groups. The most dominant and largest are Javanese, contributing to more than 40 percent of their population. Three percent are Chinese Indonesians. The Indonesian people are in majority descendants of Austronesian speakers. Melanesians are another ethnic group.

Other leading ethnic groups are:

  • Sundanese
  • Makassarese
  • Batak
  • Malay
  • Minangkabau
  • Madurese
  • Betawi
  • Banjarese
  • Bantenese
  • Balinese

The density of the population within Indonesia is 151/km2 or 391 people/mi2. Indonesia has an overall area of land is 1,811,570 Km2 or 699,451 mi2. In 2020, the urban population of Indonesia is 56.4 percent or 154,188,546 people. 29.7 years is the median age of Indonesia.

Indonesia Religion and Politics

Indonesia is the most populated world’s Muslim majority nation. With 87 percent being Muslim, 1.69 percent Hindus, 9.87 percent Christians, 0.72 percent Buddhists, and 0.56 percent other faiths in Indonesia. Over 700 languages are spoken, and Bahasa Indonesia is the official language within Indonesia.

Indonesia Economy

Its economy is largest within South East Asia. It has become one amongst the markets that are emerging in the world economy. It is ranked the 7th largest in GDP 16th largest within the world in nominal GDP. It is based on domestic markets and the budget of the government. Indonesia has a 95.4 percent literacy rate, with males being 4 percent over females.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%