India Population: 1,374,455,500

India is the second-most populous country in the world after China. As per the elaboration of the latest United Nations data, the population of the current population of India is 1,374,455,500.

Largest cities in India

The top largest cities in India, as per the population, have been listed here.

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Mumbai 12,691,836 Kalyan 1,262,255 Gwalior 882,458
Delhi 10,927,986 Thane 1,261,517 Vijayawada 874,587
Bengaluru 5,104,047 Meerut 1,223,184 Mysore 868,313
Kolkata 4,631,392 Nowrangapur 1,220,946 Ranchi 846,454
Chennai 4,328,063 Faridabad 1,220,229 Hubli 840,214
Ahmedabad 3,719,710 Ghaziabad 1,199,191 Jalandhar 785,178
Hyderabad 3,597,816 Dombivli 1,193,000 Thiruvananthapuram 784,153
Pune 2,935,744 Rajkot 1,177,362 Salem 778,396
Surat 2,894,504 Varanasi 1,164,404 Tiruchirappalli 775,484
Kanpur 2,823,249 Amritsar 1,092,450 Kota 763,088
Jaipur 2,711,758 Allahabad 1,073,438 Bhubaneshwar 762,243
Navi Mumbai 2,600,000 Visakhapatnam 1,063,178 Aligarh 753,207
Lucknow 2,472,011 Teni 1,034,724 Bareilly 745,435
Nagpur 2,228,018 Jabalpur 1,030,168 Moradabad 721,139
Indore 1,837,041 Haora 1,027,672 Bhiwandi 707,035
Patna 1,599,920 Aurangabad 1,016,441 Raipur 679,995
Bhopal 1,599,914 Shivaji Nagar 1,000,000 Gorakhpur 674,246
Ludhiana 1,545,368 Solapur 997,281 Bhilai 625,138
Tirunelveli 1,435,844 Srinagar 975,857 Jamshedpur 616,338
Agra 1,430,055 Chandigarh 960,787 Borivli 609,617
Vadodara 1,409,476 Coimbatore 959,823 Cochin 604,696
Gorakhpur 1,324,570 Jodhpur 921,476 Amravati 603,837
Nashik 1,289,497 Madurai 909,908
Pimpri 1,284,606 Guwahati 899,094

India Population History

The Indian population has witnessed steady growth over the years. The population of India has grown by leaps and bounds since 1947, the year India got independence from British rule. This can be understood from the population growth data.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 1,380,004,385 0.99% 13,586,631 -532,687 28.4 2.24 464 35.00% 483,098,640 17.70% 7,794,798,739 2
2019 1,366,417,754 1.02% 13,775,474 -532,687 27.1 2.36 460 34.50% 471,828,295 17.71% 7,713,468,100 2
2018 1,352,642,280 1.04% 13,965,495 -532,687 27.1 2.36 455 34.10% 460,779,764 17.73% 7,631,091,040 2
2017 1,338,676,785 1.07% 14,159,536 -532,687 27.1 2.36 450 33.60% 449,963,381 17.74% 7,547,858,925 2
2016 1,324,517,249 1.10% 14,364,846 -532,687 27.1 2.36 445 33.20% 439,391,699 17.75% 7,464,022,049 2
2015 1,310,152,403 1.20% 15,174,247 -470,015 26.8 2.4 441 32.70% 429,069,459 17.75% 7,379,797,139 2
2010 1,234,281,170 1.47% 17,334,249 -531,169 25.1 2.8 415 30.80% 380,744,554 17.74% 6,956,823,603 2
2005 1,147,609,927 1.67% 18,206,876 -377,797 23.8 3.14 386 29.10% 334,479,406 17.54% 6,541,907,027 2
2000 1,056,575,549 1.85% 18,530,592 -136,514 22.7 3.48 355 27.60% 291,350,282 17.20% 6,143,493,823 2
1995 963,922,588 1.99% 18,128,958 -110,590 21.8 3.83 324 26.50% 255,558,824 16.78% 5,744,212,979 2
1990 873,277,798 2.17% 17,783,558 9,030 21.1 4.27 294 25.50% 222,296,728 16.39% 5,327,231,061 2
1985 784,360,008 2.33% 17,081,433 115,942 20.6 4.68 264 24.30% 190,321,782 16.10% 4,870,921,740 2
1980 698,952,844 2.32% 15,169,989 222,247 20.2 4.97 235 23.00% 160,941,941 15.68% 4,458,003,514 2
1975 623,102,897 2.33% 13,582,621 421,208 19.7 5.41 210 21.30% 132,533,810 15.27% 4,079,480,606 2
1970 555,189,792 2.15% 11,213,294 -68,569 19.3 5.72 187 19.70% 109,388,950 15.00% 3,700,437,046 2
1965 499,123,324 2.07% 9,715,129 -17,078 19.6 5.89 168 18.70% 93,493,844 14.95% 3,339,583,597 2
1960 450,547,679 1.91% 8,133,417 -30,805 20.2 5.9 152 17.90% 80,565,723 14.85% 3,034,949,748 2
1955 409,880,595 1.72% 6,711,079 -21,140 20.7 5.9 138 17.60% 71,958,495 14.78% 2,773,019,936 2

India Population Forecast

As per the elaboration of United Nations data by India’s population will increase to 1,639,176,033 by the middle of the 21st century. India will replace China as the most populous nation on the planet. However, the share of India in the world population will drop slightly to 16.84% from the current share of 17.70%.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 1,380,004,385 1.04% 13,970,396 -532,687 28.4 2.24 464 35.00% 483,098,640 17.70% 7,794,798,739 2
2025 1,445,011,620 0.92% 13,001,447 -464,081 30 2.24 486 37.60% 542,742,539 17.66% 8,184,437,460 2
2030 1,503,642,322 0.80% 11,726,140 -440,124 31.7 2.24 506 40.40% 607,341,981 17.59% 8,548,487,400 1
2035 1,553,723,810 0.66% 10,016,298 -415,732 33.3 2.24 523 43.50% 675,456,367 17.48% 8,887,524,213 1
2040 1,592,691,513 0.50% 7,793,541 -415,736 35 2.24 536 46.70% 744,380,367 17.31% 9,198,847,240 1
2045 1,620,619,200 0.35% 5,585,537 -414,772 36.6 2.24 545 50.10% 811,749,463 17.09% 9,481,803,274 1
2050 1,639,176,033 0.23% 3,711,367 38.1 2.24 551 53.50% 876,613,025 16.84% 9,735,033,990 1

India Demographics

It is also important to know the demographics of the Indian population. These include age group, urban and rural population, and sex ratio.

India is a young nation. The median age in India is 28.4 years. 41.4% of the population comes under the 25-54 years age group. Only 6.6% are 65 years and older.

The share of the total population living in urban areas is currently at 35%. This amounts to 483,098,640.

The sex ratio is the number of males to females. The share of the male population is 51.96%, which amounts to 717,100,970, while the share of the female population is 48.04%, which amounts to 662,903,415. Thus, the sex ratio is 1.08.

India Religion and Politics

The majority of the population in India comprises of Hindus. Muslims constitute the second largest religious community in India. Minorities include Sikhs, Jains, Christians, Parsi, and Buddhists.

The dominant political party in India which ruled the country for the most years post-independence years is the Indian National Congress. The party lost its dominant position in the last decade of the 20th century with the rise of BJP, a right-wing political party, and many regional parties.

India Economics

India is the world’s fifth-largest economy in terms of nominal GDP and third largest in terms of purchasing power parity. The annual average GDP growth of India in the 21st century has ranged between 6% and 7%. The current monthly per-capita income of India is Rs. 11,254.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%