Iceland Population: 340,394

Iceland is a huge land of contrasts with active volcanoes all through on one side and a landscape with mountains with no change over a long time on the other. It is one of the richest as well as most developed on the globe. But the population is, however, sparse. The population of Iceland has no or zero percent contribution to the overall world population.

The largest cities in Iceland by population

Here are the largest cities in Iceland according to the population

CITY NAME POPULATION
Reykjavik 118,918
Kopavogur 31,719
Hafnarfjoerdur 26,808
Akureyri 17,693

Iceland Population History

The winters are harsh, plague outbreaks, and volcanic eruptions in its historical past impacted its growth several times. From 1500-1804, around 37 famines have been recorded. In 1703, the human population of over 50,000 fell to 40,000 due to huge eruptions from 1783-1784, from the Laki volcano. The population gradually grew with improving residing conditions to 60,000 by 1850, and by 2008, it reached 320,000.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 341,243 0.65% 2,212 380 37.5 1.77 3 94.40% 322,286 0.00% 7,794,798,739 180
2019 339,031 0.69% 2,318 380 36.3 1.94 3 94.30% 319,637 0.00% 7,713,468,100 180
2018 336,713 0.69% 2,320 380 36.3 1.94 3 94.10% 316,881 0.00% 7,631,091,040 180
2017 334,393 0.66% 2,187 380 36.3 1.94 3 94.00% 314,163 0.00% 7,547,858,925 180
2016 332,206 0.59% 1,963 380 36.3 1.94 3 93.80% 311,646 0.00% 7,464,022,049 180
2015 330,243 0.61% 1,983 -433 36 1.98 3 93.70% 309,438 0.00% 7,379,797,139 180
2010 320,328 1.66% 5,070 2,401 34.8 2.13 3 93.60% 299,745 0.00% 6,956,823,603 180
2005 294,979 1.02% 2,909 588 34.3 1.99 3 93.00% 274,440 0.00% 6,541,907,027 179
2000 280,435 0.94% 2,561 204 32.9 2.06 3 92.40% 259,125 0.00% 6,143,493,823 178
1995 267,629 0.97% 2,517 -211 31.5 2.19 3 91.60% 245,228 0.00% 5,744,212,979 177
1990 255,043 1.09% 2,692 129 30 2.12 3 90.80% 231,452 0.00% 5,327,231,061 178
1985 241,582 1.14% 2,664 52 28.4 2.23 2 89.60% 216,386 0.00% 4,870,921,740 176
1980 228,262 0.92% 2,038 -786 26.9 2.45 2 88.30% 201,464 0.01% 4,458,003,514 175
1975 218,070 1.30% 2,729 -212 25.4 2.87 2 86.70% 188,999 0.01% 4,079,480,606 174
1970 204,426 1.23% 2,423 -551 24.5 3.24 2 84.90% 173,558 0.01% 3,700,437,046 173
1965 192,313 1.84% 3,344 -146 24.2 3.94 2 82.70% 159,082 0.01% 3,339,583,597 171
1960 175,592 2.18% 3,590 65 25.4 4.17 2 80.30% 141,000 0.01% 3,034,949,748 170
1955 157,642 2.02% 2,997 -83 26.2 3.86 2 76.80% 121,006 0.01% 2,773,019,936 171

Iceland Population Forecast

As per UN data, Iceland’s urban population shall rise to 373,768 by the mid-21st century or 2050. But, Iceland’s share in the global population remains 0.00 percent.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population  

Global Rank

2020 341,243 0.66% 2,200 380 37.5 1.77 3 94.40% 322,286 0.00% 7,794,798,739 180
2025 351,184 0.58% 1,988 380 39 1.77 4 95.20% 334,395 0.00% 8,184,437,460 180
2030 359,711 0.48% 1,705 380 40.5 1.77 4 96.00% 345,315 0.00% 8,548,487,400 182
2035 366,606 0.38% 1,379 380 42.1 1.77 4 96.80% 354,716 0.00% 8,887,524,213 182
2040 371,746 0.28% 1,028 380 43.5 1.77 4 97.50% 362,573 0.00% 9,198,847,240 182
2045 375,085 0.18% 668 380 44.4 1.77 4 98.40% 368,909 0.00% 9,481,803,274 182
2050 376,693 0.09% 322 45.1 1.77 4 99.20% 373,768 0.00% 9,735,033,990 183

Iceland Demographics

Nordic and Gaelic origin are in the original Iceland population. This is concluded from the literary proofs and genetic analysis from the settlement of the island. Men have been found from the Nordic origin, whereas women from Gaelic origins. Iceland has been rare in European countries wherein replacement rate is below fertility rate at 2.1 kids born to each woman. Ninety-three percent of the ethnicity is Icelandic currently. The largest minority with a 3 percent contribution is Polish in the population.

In the aspect of the population of countries listing and dependencies, Iceland is ranked 180. The density of the population in Iceland is 3/km2 or 9 individuals/mi2. The overall land area is 38,707 mi2 or 100,250 Km2. The urban population is 94.4 percent. Iceland’s median age is 37.5 years.

Iceland Religion and Politics

Christianity is predominant in Iceland. Late twentieth-century and earlier 21st century, there has been more diversity in Iceland’s religious life. There is a fall in Christianity, and new religions have emerged like Asatru, a German folk faith.

Iceland Economy

Iceland’s economy is small. With the boom in tourism, there has been around a 10 percent rise in GDP by 2017. Iceland has high government intervention and free trade levels. Therefore it has a mixed economy. The leading source of electrical supply to industries and domestic needs is Hydropower.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%