French Guiana Population: 295,930

French Guiana is situated in the South American northern Atlantic coastline within the Guyanas. Brazil and Suriname border, it. It is the sole territory of the EU that is situated in the American mainland. The present population, as per UN data, of French Guiana is around 295,798. The overall land areas are about 32,253 sq. Miles making it 2nd largest area of France.

Largest cities in French Guiana by population

Cayenne is the largest and capital city of French Guiana. The other largest cities, followed by the population, are Matoury and Saint-Laurent.

CITY NAME POPULATION
Cayenne 61,550
Matoury 26,350
Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni 24,287
Kourou 24,029
Remire-Montjoly 19,029

French Guiana Population History

From 1763 to 1790, the overall population of French Guiana surged to about 14,520. After 100 years, it has doubled up to about 33,500. Currently, about 297,000 people population resides in French Guiana. This implies the population has risen tenfold to one that was in the 1950s. This shows that there is a growth of population steadily since the 18th century.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 298,682 2.70% 7,850 1,200 25.1 3.36 4 87.30% 260,877 0.00% 7,794,798,739 182
2019 290,832 2.79% 7,894 1,200 24.8 3.41 4 87.30% 254,008 0.00% 7,713,468,100 182
2018 282,938 2.82% 7,747 1,200 24.8 3.41 3 87.40% 247,195 0.00% 7,631,091,040 183
2017 275,191 2.75% 7,370 1,200 24.8 3.41 3 87.40% 240,441 0.00% 7,547,858,925 185
2016 267,821 2.61% 6,822 1,200 24.8 3.41 3 87.30% 233,712 0.00% 7,464,022,049 185
2015 260,999 2.30% 5,599 -211 24.8 3.42 3 87.00% 226,996 0.00% 7,379,797,139 185
2010 233,002 2.80% 6,006 601 24.6 3.6 3 83.30% 194,192 0.00% 6,956,823,603 185
2005 202,971 4.46% 7,961 3,460 23.5 3.65 2 81.50% 165,336 0.00% 6,541,907,027 185
2000 163,165 3.50% 5,153 1,320 23.9 3.93 2 79.10% 129,081 0.00% 6,143,493,823 186
1995 137,400 3.48% 4,323 890 23.9 4.05 2 77.00% 105,731 0.00% 5,744,212,979 190
1990 115,784 6.02% 5,869 3,350 24.1 3.73 1 74.60% 86,423 0.00% 5,327,231,061 191
1985 86,439 5.23% 3,892 2,155 23.8 3.58 1 72.70% 62,799 0.00% 4,870,921,740 195
1980 66,977 3.56% 2,151 1,019 23.1 3.3 1 70.80% 47,392 0.00% 4,458,003,514 197
1975 56,223 3.24% 1,659 506 21 4.18 1 69.10% 38,862 0.00% 4,079,480,606 201
1970 47,930 4.27% 1,808 807 21.7 5 1 67.40% 32,321 0.00% 3,700,437,046 203
1965 38,892 3.96% 1,372 695 22.5 5.02 0 65.70% 25,569 0.00% 3,339,583,597 204
1960 32,032 2.37% 708 141 24.8 4.92 0 63.30% 20,285 0.00% 3,034,949,748 205
1955 28,490 2.26% 604 46 25.5 5 0 58.60% 16,687 0.00% 2,773,019,936 204

French Guiana Population Growth

In the coming future, the population is expected to rise from 298,682 in 2020 to 544,807 by mid-century. Fertility rates are high in French Guiana. This is why the population is very young in the majority. Around 44 percent of the people fall below the age of 20s. There is only 1.7 percent of the population above 75 yrs. Yearly change is going to reduce from the current year in the coming years. The urban population will increase from 260,877 in 2020 to 493,365 by mid-century. The overall share in world population is varying from 0.00 percent to 0.01 percent.

French Guiana Demographics

The country’s nationality is about 64.5 percent French, 8.8 percent Haitian, 13.8 percent Surinamese, 1.7 percent being Guyanese and 8.7 percent Brazilian, 0.5 percent Chinese, 1 percent Colombian, 0.4 percent Dominican, and 0.1 percent Peruvian. There are people from different ethnicities, such as French, Spanish, Maroons, Haitians, Portuguese, British, Asians, and Dutch.

French is the official language of French Guiana. Other languages spoken are French Guianese Creole, Portuguese, Dutch, Maroon Creole, Caribbean Hindustani, Tamil, Amerindian languages, Spanish, and English.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 298,682 2.73% 7,537 1,200 25.1 3.36 4 87.30% 260,877 0.00% 7,794,798,739 182
2025 337,487 2.47% 7,761 1,200 26.1 3.36 4 87.80% 296,315 0.00% 8,184,437,460 182
2030 377,611 2.27% 8,025 1,200 27.3 3.36 5 88.40% 333,689 0.00% 8,548,487,400 180
2035 419,025 2.10% 8,283 1,200 28.3 3.36 5 89.00% 372,724 0.00% 8,887,524,213 179
2040 460,896 1.92% 8,374 1,200 29.2 3.36 6 89.60% 412,890 0.01% 9,198,847,240 177
2045 502,729 1.75% 8,367 1,200 30 3.36 6 90.20% 453,292 0.01% 9,481,803,274 176
2050 544,807 1.62% 8,416 31.1 3.36 7 90.60% 493,365 0.01% 9,735,033,990 176

French Guiana Religion and Politics

The prominent religion followed is Roman Catholicism. Other ethnic groups, such as Amerindians and Maroons, follow their religions.

Politically, the President is the head of the state, and the Prime minister is the head of the government.

French Guiana Economy

French Guiana currency is Euro, and it is a section of the EU. It is largely dependent on trade, subsidies, and goods. Fishing, timber, and gold mining are its primary industries.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%