Cuba Population: 11,329,182

Cuba or the Republic of Cuba is made up of Cuba as the main island, the Isla de la Juventud, and other minor archipelagos. It is situated in the north of the Caribbean. This is where the Caribbean Sea, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Gulf of Mexico meet. The population of Cuba is around 11.33 million people by 2020, making it 77th in ranking as the world’s most populated country. Cuba is popular for its sky-scraping palm trees, music, tropic fruits, and sea breezes.

Largest Cities in Cuba by Population

Havana is the largest city in Cuba by a population that is 2.1 million. The other cities that have a large Cuban population are Santiago de Cuba, Camagüey, Guantánamo, Santa Clara, and Holguin.

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Havana 2,163,824 Cardenas 98,515 Jobabo 49,403
Santiago de Cuba 555,865 La Habana Vieja 95,383 Baracoa 48,362
Camaguey 347,562 Moa 92,852 Jovellanos 47,164
Holguin 319,102 Puerto Padre 76,838 Bauta 45,768
Guantanamo 272,801 Contramaestre 70,438 Santo Domingo 45,476
Santa Clara 250,512 Guira de Melena 69,879 Cabaiguan 44,515
Diez de Octubre 227,293 Consolacion del Sur 69,857 Regla 44,431
Arroyo Naranjo 210,053 Gueines 68,935 San German 43,892
Las Tunas 203,684 Artemisa 68,073 Ranchuelo 43,695
Bayamo 192,632 San Luis 67,293 San Antonio de los Banos 42,724
Boyeros 188,593 Moron 66,060 Cacocum 42,623
Pinar del Rio 186,990 Colon 63,882 Yaguajay 42,218
Cienfuegos 186,644 Florida 63,007 Manicaragua 41,532
Habana del Este 178,041 Sagua la Grande 62,073 Amancio 41,523
San Miguel del Padron 159,273 Trinidad 60,206 Jiguani 41,106
Centro Habana 158,151 San Cristobal 59,579 Cifuentes 40,142
Matanzas 146,733 Placetas 55,408 Guaimaro 39,358
Ciego de Avila 142,027 San Jose de las Lajas 54,847 Caibarien 39,140
Cerro 132,351 Jaguey Grande 54,363 Cumanayagua 38,687
Manzanillo 128,188 Nuevitas 54,022 Condado 38,248
Sancti Spiritus 127,069 Banes 53,104 Camajuani 35,515
Guanabacoa 112,964 Bartolome Maso 53,024 Santiago de las Vegas 35,241
Palma Soriano 102,826 Corralillo 51,881
Alamar 100,000 Jesus Menendez 51,002

Cuba Population History

The overall population of Cuba is 11,329,230, as per the latest UN data. In 1771, Cuba census records showed a population of 171,600 individuals residing here. It surged to 274,300 by 1792 to 2,219,000 by 1900s. By 2000, it reached 11,142,000 to

11,271,000 by 2014. The statistics demonstrate that there is a population remarkably spiked by 2000. After which, the rise has been comparatively small by 2014.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 11,326,616 -0.06% -6,867 -14,400 42.2 1.62 106 78.30% 8,873,848 0.15% 7,794,798,739 83
2019 11,333,483 -0.04% -4,651 -14,400 41.1 1.69 106 78.20% 8,861,423 0.15% 7,713,468,100 82
2018 11,338,134 -0.01% -1,120 -14,400 41.1 1.69 107 78.10% 8,850,817 0.15% 7,631,091,040 81
2017 11,339,254 0.04% 4,150 -14,400 41.1 1.69 107 78.00% 8,840,528 0.15% 7,547,858,925 79
2016 11,335,104 0.09% 10,323 -14,400 41.1 1.69 106 77.90% 8,828,473 0.15% 7,464,022,049 78
2015 11,324,781 0.18% 19,790 -16,000 40.8 1.71 106 77.80% 8,813,348 0.15% 7,379,797,139 77
2010 11,225,832 -0.06% -7,150 -48,000 38.4 1.58 105 77.30% 8,680,787 0.16% 6,956,823,603 75
2005 11,261,582 0.24% 27,030 -29,126 35.6 1.59 106 76.30% 8,591,135 0.17% 6,541,907,027 72
2000 11,126,430 0.43% 47,636 -26,568 32.8 1.61 105 75.50% 8,399,081 0.18% 6,143,493,823 70
1995 10,888,252 0.54% 58,253 -24,001 30.2 1.58 102 74.40% 8,100,649 0.19% 5,744,212,979 65
1990 10,596,987 0.97% 99,815 -14,000 27.7 1.85 100 73.30% 7,763,393 0.20% 5,327,231,061 63
1985 10,097,911 0.50% 49,690 -54,000 25.6 1.85 95 70.80% 7,152,196 0.21% 4,870,921,740 60
1980 9,849,459 0.84% 80,603 -32,000 24.1 2.15 93 68.00% 6,698,300 0.22% 4,458,003,514 59
1975 9,446,442 1.63% 146,780 -38,000 22.6 3.55 89 64.20% 6,061,735 0.23% 4,079,480,606 59
1970 8,712,541 1.83% 150,874 -49,685 22.2 4.18 82 60.30% 5,252,258 0.24% 3,700,437,046 60
1965 7,958,169 2.19% 163,384 -40,809 22.3 4.68 75 59.30% 4,718,411 0.24% 3,339,583,597 62
1960 7,141,250 1.78% 120,359 -11,000 22.9 3.7 67 58.40% 4,170,482 0.24% 3,034,949,748 63
1955 6,539,454 2.01% 123,892 -6,000 22.4 4.15 61 57.50% 3,757,473 0.24% 2,773,019,936 62

Cuba Population forecast

The population of Cuba has slowed down, and it is estimated that it may show a negative growth rate. Its yearly growth is at 0.035 percent by 2019. The population will go down by 89.6 percent by 2050, with an overall population to be 10,162,396. The median age, however, is increasing from the current year, which is 42.2 to 50.3 by 2050. There is an increase in the urban population as well from the current year, which is 8,873,848 to 9,101,476 by 2050. Cuba’s contribution to the total global population is varying from 0.15 % from the current year to 0.10 % by 2050. It is observed that the rate of change shall not be very significant.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 11,326,616 0.00% 367 -14,400 42.2 1.62 106 78.30% 8,873,848 0.15% 7,794,798,739 83
2025 11,257,035 -0.12% -13,916 -11,000 43.4 1.62 106 79.60% 8,957,468 0.14% 8,184,437,460 84
2030 11,142,328 -0.20% -22,941 -6,000 44.7 1.62 105 81.20% 9,047,544 0.13% 8,548,487,400 87
2035 10,980,993 -0.29% -32,267 -6,000 46.6 1.62 103 83.00% 9,112,420 0.12% 8,887,524,213 90
2040 10,764,754 -0.40% -43,248 -6,000 48.1 1.62 101 85.00% 9,151,476 0.12% 9,198,847,240 94
2045 10,491,852 -0.51% -54,580 -6,000 49.3 1.62 99 87.30% 9,155,783 0.11% 9,481,803,274 96
2050 10,162,396 -0.64% -65,891 50.3 1.62 95 89.60% 9,101,476 0.10% 9,735,033,990 97

Cuba Demographics

The ethnicity among the Cuban population is that 65 percent are white, and 62 percent are blacks, and the genetic ancestry is 20 percent African, 72 percent European, and 8 percent are Native American. Life expectancy is 77.41, as seen in 2006.

Cuba Religion and Politics

The majority of the Cuban population to about 60 percent are Roman Catholics. 24 percent are non- religious, 40 percent are diverse, 5 percent are Protestant, and 11 percent are others such as Judaism, Buddhism, and Hinduism. Politically, it is a socialist democracy.

Cuba Economy

Cuban Economy is planned and is dominated by state-operated enterprises. Cuban Government operates and owns the majority of industries with state employs its labor.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%