Chad Population: 16,257,759

Chad is officially termed as the Republic of Chad. It is a landlocked country in north-central Africa. There are many regions in Chad. The capital of the country N’Djamena is the largest city by population. The official languages are French and Arabic. It is home to many ethnic groups more than the 200. The country is known for its rich cultural heritage and tradition because of diversity.

Largest cities by population in Chad

The largest cities in chad by population are N’Djamena, Moundoua, Sarh, Abeche, and Kelo.

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
N’Djamena 721,081 Lai 19,382
Moundou 135,167 Oum Hadjer 19,271
Sarh 102,528 Bitkine 18,495
Abeche 74,188 Mao 18,031
Kelo 42,533 Massaguet 17,906
Koumra 36,263 Dourbali 17,682
Pala 35,466 Mboursou Lere 17,132
Am Timan 28,885 Kyabe 16,177
Bongor 27,770 Benoy 15,717
Mongo 27,763 Massakory 15,406
Doba 24,336 Moussoro 15,190
Ati 24,074
Fada 23,786

Chad population history 

At the start of the year 2000, the population of the country was 8,355,654, but now it has increased rapidly to 16,425,864. The median age of the city is 16.6. The urban population of the country is 3,830,260. The global rank is 72.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 16,425,864 3.00% 478,988 2,000 16.6 5.8 13 23.30% 3,830,260 0.21% 7,794,798,739 72
2019 15,946,876 3.03% 469,147 2,000 16.1 6.2 13 23.10% 3,681,488 0.21% 7,713,468,100 72
2018 15,477,729 3.07% 460,976 2,000 16.1 6.2 12 22.90% 3,540,279 0.20% 7,631,091,040 72
2017 15,016,753 3.13% 455,093 2,000 16.1 6.2 12 22.70% 3,405,873 0.20% 7,547,858,925 72
2016 14,561,660 3.19% 450,685 2,000 16.1 6.2 12 22.50% 3,277,402 0.20% 7,464,022,049 72
2015 14,110,975 3.38% 431,768 20,000 16 6.31 11 22.40% 3,154,216 0.19% 7,379,797,139 72
2010 11,952,136 3.43% 371,101 15,000 15.6 6.85 9 21.90% 2,613,400 0.17% 6,956,823,603 74
2005 10,096,633 3.86% 348,196 43,793 15.4 7.24 8 21.70% 2,194,746 0.15% 6,541,907,027 80
2000 8,355,654 3.57% 269,102 13,889 15.5 7.41 7 21.60% 1,805,052 0.14% 6,143,493,823 87
1995 7,010,145 3.29% 209,379 -2,075 15.8 7.39 6 21.40% 1,503,250 0.12% 5,744,212,979 91
1990 5,963,252 3.20% 173,570 284 16.2 7.21 5 20.80% 1,239,707 0.11% 5,327,231,061 93
1985 5,095,401 2.45% 116,194 -26,249 16.8 7.04 4 19.80% 1,007,073 0.10% 4,870,921,740 98
1980 4,514,430 2.00% 85,173 -35,100 17.5 6.87 4 18.80% 847,659 0.10% 4,458,003,514 100
1975 4,088,564 2.33% 88,992 -9,810 18.2 6.67 3 15.60% 636,342 0.10% 4,079,480,606 99
1970 3,643,604 1.94% 66,804 -8,190 18.6 6.4 3 11.60% 421,481 0.10% 3,700,437,046 101
1965 3,309,586 1.97% 61,595 -1,000 19.2 6.3 3 8.40% 278,207 0.10% 3,339,583,597 98
1960 3,001,609 1.88% 53,282 -500 19.9 6.2 2 6.70% 200,952 0.10% 3,034,949,748 100
1955 2,735,198 1.80% 46,576 0 20.7 6.1 2 5.50% 150,299 0.10% 2,773,019,936 98

Chad population forecast 

The population of chad is expected to be 34,031,311 in the year 2050. The median age will be 22.0. The urban population of the country will rise to the numbers 13,219,846. The global rank of chad will be 60 in the future.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 16,425,864 3.08% 462,978 2,000 16.6 5.8 13 23.30% 3,830,260 0.21% 7,794,798,739 72
2025 18,960,529 2.91% 506,933 0 17.2 5.8 15 24.80% 4,700,984 0.23% 8,184,437,460 70
2030 21,690,381 2.73% 545,970 -2,000 18 5.8 17 26.80% 5,819,271 0.25% 8,548,487,400 64
2035 24,596,920 2.55% 581,308 -2,000 18.9 5.8 20 29.50% 7,245,968 0.28% 8,887,524,213 62
2040 27,642,860 2.36% 609,188 -2,000 19.8 5.8 22 32.40% 8,967,814 0.30% 9,198,847,240 61
2045 30,802,500 2.19% 631,928 -2,000 20.9 5.8 24 35.60% 10,957,996 0.32% 9,481,803,274 62
2050 34,031,311 2.01% 645,762 22 5.8 27 38.80% 13,219,846 0.35% 9,735,033,990 60

Chad demographics 

The life expectancy of the population in Chad is 55.17 years. The infant mortality rate is 67.1. The sex ratio of the male population is 49.92% for the population share 8,200,170. The sex ratio of the female population is 50.08%, for the population share 8,225,689.

Chad religion and politics 

The country is religiously diverse. Most of the population are Muslims, who are 55%. 22.5% of the people are catholic. 17.6% are Protestants. Some of the Muslim denominations are Sunni, Ahmadi, and Shia. There are small percentages of the population who still practice indigenous religion. Animism consists of an ancestor and place-focused religion. There are also members of Bahá’í and Jehovah’s witnesses present. They are considered to be the new religion in the country.

The country follows the framework of a presidential republic. The president is the head of the state and also the head of the government. Some of the major political parties are patriotic salvation movement, the national union for democracy and progress, Union for Renewal and democracy, National rally for democracy in Chad.

Chad economy 

85% of the population depends on agriculture that consists of livestock. There is a lack of financing so the major developments are slow. The GDP is $28.62 billion as of 2017 estimation. The real growth rate is 3.1%. The GDP per capita is $2,300 as per the 2017 estimation. The population below the poverty line is 46.7%.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%