Canada Population: 37,615,795

Canada is the second-largest country in the world after Russia and the largest in North America. Canada shares the longest land border with the United States of America. The last census was taken in the year 2016, which had shown a 4.9% increase from the last census results (2011), at 35.12 million. Due to most of its land being unsuitable for habitation, Canada is one of the most scarcely populated countries in the world, with its popular density being 4 people per kilometer square.

Largest Cities in Canada by Population

Toronto, a financial center of Canada, has the highest population followed by cities like Vancouver, Montreal, Niagara Falls, Victoria, British Columbia, and many more.

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Toronto 2,600,000 Vaughan 238,866 East York 115,365
Montreal 1,600,000 Kitchener 233,700 Coquitlam 114,565
Calgary 1,019,942 Longueuil 229,330 Kingston 114,195
Ottawa 812,129 Burnaby 202,799 Sydney 105,968
Edmonton 712,391 Ladner 200,000 Delta 101,668
Mississauga 668,549 Saskatoon 198,958 Dartmouth 101,343
North York 636,000 Richmond Hill 185,541 Thunder Bay 99,334
Winnipeg 632,063 Barrie 182,041 St. John’s 99,182
Scarborough 600,000 Richmond 182,000 Waterloo 97,475
Vancouver 600,000 Nepean 180,000 Terrebonne 94,703
Quebec 528,595 Regina 176,183 Ajax 90,167
Hamilton 519,949 Oakville 165,697 Saint John 87,857
Brampton 433,806 Burlington 164,415 Pickering 87,838
Surrey 394,976 Greater Sudbury 157,857 Brantford 87,759
Laval 376,845 Abbotsford 151,683 Moncton 87,467
Halifax 359,111 Saguenay 143,692 Nanaimo 84,905
Etobicoke 347,948 St. Catharines 131,989 Milton 84,362
London 346,765 Sherbrooke 129,447 Sarnia 82,998
Okanagan 297,601 Anmore 126,456 Niagara Falls 82,000
Victoria 289,625 Levis 126,396 Willowdale 79,440
Windsor 278,013 Kelowna 125,109 Saint-Laurent 77,391
Markham 261,573 Cambridge 120,372 Chilliwack 77,000
Oshawa 247,989 Trois-Rivieres 119,693
Gatineau 242,124 Guelph 115,760

Canada Population History

The population of Canada has grown from 11 million during the 1940s, to 36 million in the present day. Population growth has shown a steady ascend in the last fifty years and continues to grow at an impressive rate of 5.9% per year (census 2006-2011). The population growth of Canada is largely dependent on immigration. It supports immigrants from all parts of the world, and it’s per capita immigrants are higher than in the USA. Native Canadians account for just one-tenth of the country’s population; 22% of the population of the country is identified as immigrants.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 37,742,154 0.89% 331,107 242,032 41.1 1.53 4 81.30% 30,670,064 0.48% 7,794,798,739 39
2019 37,411,047 0.91% 336,485 242,032 40.5 1.59 4 81.20% 30,376,281 0.49% 7,713,468,100 39
2018 37,074,562 0.93% 342,467 242,032 40.5 1.59 4 81.10% 30,084,496 0.49% 7,631,091,040 39
2017 36,732,095 0.96% 349,151 242,032 40.5 1.59 4 81.10% 29,793,946 0.49% 7,547,858,925 38
2016 36,382,944 0.99% 356,268 242,032 40.5 1.59 4 81.10% 29,503,542 0.49% 7,464,022,049 38
2015 36,026,676 1.08% 375,822 248,283 40.4 1.6 4 81.10% 29,212,401 0.49% 7,379,797,139 37
2010 34,147,564 1.20% 396,651 265,286 39.6 1.64 4 81.00% 27,655,231 0.49% 6,956,823,603 36
2005 32,164,309 1.01% 315,185 210,403 38.6 1.52 4 80.40% 25,869,853 0.49% 6,541,907,027 35
2000 30,588,383 0.96% 284,846 156,707 36.8 1.56 3 79.90% 24,428,073 0.50% 6,143,493,823 35
1995 29,164,152 1.15% 324,567 138,111 34.8 1.69 3 78.10% 22,782,132 0.51% 5,744,212,979 33
1990 27,541,319 1.36% 359,302 171,843 32.9 1.62 3 77.00% 21,207,473 0.52% 5,327,231,061 32
1985 25,744,810 1.06% 265,585 74,788 31 1.63 3 76.70% 19,755,707 0.53% 4,870,921,740 32
1980 24,416,886 1.15% 271,524 84,127 29.2 1.73 3 76.00% 18,565,807 0.55% 4,458,003,514 32
1975 23,059,265 1.53% 336,988 151,621 27.5 1.98 3 75.90% 17,508,653 0.57% 4,079,480,606 31
1970 21,374,326 1.72% 349,269 122,223 26.1 2.61 2 75.90% 16,229,750 0.58% 3,700,437,046 31
1965 19,627,980 1.92% 356,115 35,738 25.5 3.68 2 73.20% 14,362,464 0.59% 3,339,583,597 30
1960 17,847,405 2.63% 434,728 112,960 26.5 3.88 2 69.30% 12,373,883 0.59% 3,034,949,748 30
1955 15,673,763 2.68% 388,072 111,156 27.3 3.65 2 66.00% 10,340,832 0.57% 2,773,019,936 30

Canada Population Forecast

Due to the large area and business affluence offered by the country, Canada’s population will most likely grow quite rapidly for the next few decades. Some speculate that the country will even harbor a population of 100 million and because if it’s abundant resources, it will quickly grow into one of the highest superpowers in the world. By the year 2030, Canada’s population is estimated to be 40,617,535.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 37,742,154 0.93% 343,096 242,032 41.1 1.53 4 81.30% 30,670,064 0.48% 7,794,798,739 39
2025 39,326,966 0.83% 316,962 234,814 42.1 1.53 4 81.80% 32,164,167 0.48% 8,184,437,460 38
2030 40,833,727 0.75% 301,352 242,454 43 1.53 4 82.40% 33,662,820 0.48% 8,548,487,400 39
2035 42,238,715 0.68% 280,998 252,714 43.9 1.53 5 83.10% 35,120,468 0.48% 8,887,524,213 40
2040 43,486,278 0.58% 249,513 252,645 44.8 1.53 5 84.00% 36,540,219 0.47% 9,198,847,240 43
2045 44,611,365 0.51% 225,017 253,052 45.4 1.53 5 85.00% 37,921,907 0.47% 9,481,803,274 46
2050 45,669,441 0.47% 211,615 45.5 1.53 5 85.90% 39,233,850 0.47% 9,735,033,990 45

Canada Demographics

Native Canadians were found to be only 32.3% of the whole population. The major immigrant groups found in Canada are Chinese, English, French, Scottish, Irish, and German. The aboriginal Canadians comprise 4% while the non-aboriginals, 16% of the population. 22% of the population is immigrants, mainly from India and China.

The official languages of the country are English and French, and for around 11 million people, Chinese.

Canada Religion and Politics

The most prevalent religions in Canada are Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Hinduism. The two major religions are Christianity (67%) and Islam (3.2%); 24% claimed themselves to be religiously unaffiliated.

2.8 million Canadians live outside of Canada! Close to 1 million Canadians live in the United States, and 300,000 live in Hong Kong. An estimated 4 out of 10 citizens were born in Canada but later moved abroad, and 6 in 10 became naturalized citizens moved back abroad.

Canada Economy

Canada provides for its citizen’s health insurance by charging high income and corporate taxes of 33% and 15%, respectively. About 40% of Canada’s GDP is accounted for by the government of the country.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%