Brazil Population: 211,980,094

Brazil is the largest country in the continent of South America. The capital city of Brazil is Brasilia. The country is 5th largest in the world in terms of land area and population. Brazil accounts for 47.1% of the total land area of South America. The famous Amazon rainforest, which is called the lungs of the earth, is present in Brazil.

The largest cities in Brazil by population

Here are the largest cities in Brazil according to the population

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Sao Paulo 10,021,295 Santo Andre 662,373 Diadema 390,633
Rio de Janeiro 6,023,699 Joao Pessoa 650,883 Campos dos Goytacazes 387,417
Salvador 2,711,840 Jaboatao dos Guararapes 630,008 Maua 386,069
Fortaleza 2,400,000 Contagem 627,123 Betim 384,000
Belo Horizonte 2,373,224 Ribeirao Preto 619,746 Caxias do Sul 381,270
Brasilia 2,207,718 Sao Jose dos Campos 613,764 Sao Jose do Rio Preto 374,699
Curitiba 1,718,421 Uberlandia 563,536 Olinda 366,754
Manaus 1,598,210 Sorocaba 558,862 Carapicuiba 361,112
Recife 1,478,098 Cuiaba 521,934 Campina Grande 348,936
Belem 1,407,737 Aparecida de Goiania 510,770 Piracicaba 342,209
Porto Alegre 1,372,741 Aracaju 490,175 Macapa 338,936
Goiania 1,171,195 Feira de Santana 481,911 Itaquaquecetuba 336,679
Guarulhos 1,169,577 Londrina 471,832 Bauru 335,024
Campinas 1,031,554 Juiz de Fora 470,193 Montes Claros 332,379
Nova Iguacu 1,002,118 Belford Roxo 466,096 Canoas 328,291
Maceio 954,991 Joinville 461,304 Mogi das Cruzes 325,746
Sao Luis 917,237 Niteroi 456,456 Sao Vicente 324,457
Duque de Caxias 818,329 Sao Joao de Meriti 454,849 Jundiai 321,589
Natal 763,043 Ananindeua 433,956 Pelotas 320,674
Teresina 744,512 Florianopolis 412,724 Anapolis 319,587
Sao Bernardo do Campo 743,372 Santos 411,403 Vitoria 312,656
Campo Grande 729,151 Ribeirao das Neves 406,802 Maringa 311,724
Jaboatao 702,621 Vila Velha 394,930
Osasco 677,856 Serra 394,153

Brazil Population History

The population of Brazil has steadily increased from the middle of the 20th century to the current level. In the year 1955, the population of Brazil was 62, 533,919, which has increased to 212,559,417. The share of Brazil in the world population has registered an increase from 2.26% in 1955 to 2.73% in 2020.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 212,559,417 0.72% 1,509,890 21,200 33.5 1.74 25 87.60% 186,217,070 2.73% 7,794,798,739 6
2019 211,049,527 0.75% 1,580,204 21,200 31.8 1.76 25 87.40% 184,407,548 2.74% 7,713,468,100 6
2018 209,469,323 0.79% 1,635,500 21,200 31.8 1.76 25 87.10% 182,546,459 2.74% 7,631,091,040 6
2017 207,833,823 0.81% 1,670,770 21,200 31.8 1.76 25 86.90% 180,633,872 2.75% 7,547,858,925 6
2016 206,163,053 0.83% 1,691,284 21,200 31.8 1.76 25 86.70% 178,669,587 2.76% 7,464,022,049 5
2015 204,471,769 0.88% 1,751,627 3,185 31.4 1.77 24 86.40% 176,653,700 2.77% 7,379,797,139 5
2010 195,713,635 1.01% 1,917,306 0 29.2 1.86 23 84.80% 165,969,018 2.81% 6,956,823,603 5
2005 186,127,103 1.26% 2,267,353 0 27.1 2.13 22 83.20% 154,831,640 2.85% 6,541,907,027 5
2000 174,790,340 1.53% 2,554,089 0 25.3 2.47 21 81.40% 142,319,507 2.85% 6,143,493,823 5
1995 162,019,896 1.69% 2,603,335 0 23.9 2.72 19 77.70% 125,958,216 2.82% 5,744,212,979 5
1990 149,003,223 1.95% 2,745,829 0 22.6 3.14 18 74.10% 110,404,028 2.80% 5,327,231,061 5
1985 135,274,080 2.31% 2,916,014 0 21.4 3.8 16 70.10% 94,786,793 2.78% 4,870,921,740 6
1980 120,694,009 2.40% 2,695,561 0 20.3 4.24 14 65.70% 79,320,279 2.71% 4,458,003,514 6
1975 107,216,205 2.42% 2,420,588 0 19.5 4.63 13 61.00% 65,415,995 2.63% 4,079,480,606 7
1970 95,113,265 2.67% 2,347,947 0 18.6 5.34 11 56.00% 53,295,882 2.57% 3,700,437,046 7
1965 83,373,530 2.93% 2,238,861 0 18.3 5.97 10 51.10% 42,615,168 2.50% 3,339,583,597 8
1960 72,179,226 2.91% 1,929,061 0 18.6 6.06 9 46.20% 33,315,588 2.38% 3,034,949,748 8
1955 62,533,919 2.99% 1,711,838 59,635 18.9 6.1 7 41.10% 25,688,833 2.26% 2,773,019,936 8

Brazil Population Forecast

The Brazilian population is estimated to increase to 228,980,400 from the current figure of 212,559,417. However, the share of Brazil in the world population is estimated to decrease from 2.73% in 2020 to 2.35% in 2050.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 212,559,417 0.78% 1,617,530 21,200 33.5 1.74 25 87.60% 186,217,070 2.73% 7,794,798,739 6
2025 219,020,907 0.60% 1,292,298 6,000 35.6 1.74 26 88.80% 194,451,506 2.68% 8,184,437,460 7
2030 223,852,122 0.44% 966,243 6,000 37.6 1.74 27 89.90% 201,296,099 2.62% 8,548,487,400 7
2035 227,183,594 0.30% 666,294 2,000 39.6 1.74 27 91.00% 206,742,576 2.56% 8,887,524,213 7
2040 229,058,888 0.16% 375,059 2,000 41.6 1.74 27 92.00% 210,796,522 2.49% 9,198,847,240 7
2045 229,604,528 0.05% 109,128 2,000 43.4 1.74 27 93.00% 213,520,940 2.42% 9,481,803,274 7
2050 228,980,400 -0.05% -124,826 45.1 1.74 27 93.90% 215,063,348 2.35% 9,735,033,990 7

Brazil Demographics

The share of females in the Brazilian population is 50.87%, while the number of males in the country accounts for 49.13% of the population. The sex ratio is tilted towards females and is 0.97.

The largest age group in the Brazilian population is 25-54 years which make up 44.1% of the total population. The second-largest age group is 0-14 years making up 20.7% of the population. Elderly citizens aged 65 and above constitute 9.6% of the population.

The life expectancy for both genders is 76.57 years.

Brazil Religion and Politics

Christianity is the major religion in Brazil. The largest group among Christians is of Roman Catholics making up 64.6% of the population. Other Catholic groups constitute 0.4% of the population. Protestants constitute 22% of the population. Other religious groups in Brazil include Jews, Buddhists, Muslims, and Jehovah’s Witnesses. Candomble and Umbanda, two religions from Africa, are also practiced by a minority of the population.

Brazil has a democratic system of government. The coalitions which have ruled Brazil since the 1980s include the Liberal Front Party, Party of Brazilian Social Democracy, and Brazilian Democratic Movement.

Brazil Economy

Brazil has a free market economy. In terms of nominal GDP, Brazil is ranked 9th in the world while in terms of purchasing power parity, the country is the eighth largest in the world. GDP per capita was $11026 in 2018. In the period between 2000 and 2012, Brazil was one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, with a growth rate of 5%.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%