Bhutan Population: 768,430

Bhutan is called the kingdom of Bhutan. It is a landlocked country in South Asia. The location of the city is in the eastern Himalayas. Thimpu is the capital of the city and the other city Phuntsholing is the financial centre. The city was never colonized in history. The independence of the state has been present for many years. The location of the place is in the ancient silk route. The Bhutanese people are known for their distinctive national identities. The wildlife of Bhutan is known for its diversity.

Largest cities in Bhutan

Some of the largest cities by population in Bhutan are Thimpu, Punakha, Tsirang and Phuntsholing.

CITY NAME POPULATION
Thimphu 98,676
Punakha 21,500
Tsirang 18,667
Phuntsholing 17,043

Bhutan population history 

In the year 2000, the population of Bhutan was 591,021. Now it has risen to 771,608. The median age has also increased to 28.1. The urban population of the country is now 353,445. Bhutan ranks in the global population of 165. The population is also increasing slowly because of the rate of migration every year.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 771,608 1.12% 8,516 320 28.1 2 20 45.80% 353,445 0.01% 7,794,798,739 165
2019 763,092 1.15% 8,704 320 26.2 2.1 20 45.10% 343,810 0.01% 7,713,468,100 165
2018 754,388 1.18% 8,825 320 26.2 2.1 20 44.30% 334,138 0.01% 7,631,091,040 165
2017 745,563 1.20% 8,855 320 26.2 2.1 20 43.50% 324,393 0.01% 7,547,858,925 165
2016 736,708 1.21% 8,832 320 26.2 2.1 19 42.70% 314,540 0.01% 7,464,022,049 165
2015 727,876 1.21% 8,475 60 25.7 2.12 19 41.80% 304,542 0.01% 7,379,797,139 165
2010 685,503 1.11% 7,353 -2,194 23.3 2.55 18 36.90% 253,171 0.01% 6,956,823,603 165
2005 648,739 1.88% 11,544 1,234 21.4 3.1 17 31.30% 203,329 0.01% 6,541,907,027 164
2000 591,021 2.03% 11,280 29 19.5 4 16 24.70% 145,753 0.01% 6,143,493,823 165
1995 534,620 0.14% 763 -11,713 18.4 5 14 19.80% 105,741 0.01% 5,744,212,979 163
1990 530,804 2.71% 13,308 319 18.1 5.9 14 16.60% 88,052 0.01% 5,327,231,061 162
1985 464,266 2.67% 11,478 159 18 6.35 12 13.00% 60,459 0.01% 4,870,921,740 161
1980 406,875 3.15% 11,696 2,003 18.3 6.6 11 10.20% 41,458 0.01% 4,458,003,514 161
1975 348,396 3.22% 10,216 2,000 18.5 6.6 9 7.90% 27,566 0.01% 4,079,480,606 163
1970 297,316 3.20% 8,664 2,000 18.9 6.6 8 6.10% 18,165 0.01% 3,700,437,046 166
1965 253,994 2.61% 6,141 1,000 18.9 6.6 7 4.70% 11,927 0.01% 3,339,583,597 166
1960 223,288 2.49% 5,166 1,000 18.8 6.67 6 3.60% 8,029 0.01% 3,034,949,748 167
1955 197,457 2.23% 4,132 1,000 18.5 6.67 5 2.80% 5,431 0.01% 2,773,019,936 166

Bhutan population forecast 

In the year 2050, the population of Bhutan will be 904,616. The median age of the country is expected to rise to 42.1. The urban population of the city will rise to 573,267. The Bhutan population rank will be 166.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 771,608 1.17% 8,746 320 28.1 2 20 45.80% 353,445 0.01% 7,794,798,739 165
2025 810,540 0.99% 7,786 300 30.6 2 21 49.40% 400,623 0.01% 8,184,437,460 164
2030 842,670 0.78% 6,426 300 33 2 22 52.70% 443,902 0.01% 8,548,487,400 165
2035 867,375 0.58% 4,941 300 35.4 2 23 55.60% 481,835 0.01% 8,887,524,213 165
2040 885,155 0.41% 3,556 300 37.7 2 23 58.20% 514,740 0.01% 9,198,847,240 165
2045 897,387 0.27% 2,446 300 40 2 24 60.80% 545,317 0.01% 9,481,803,274 166
2050 904,616 0.16% 1,446 42.1 2 24 63.40% 573,267 0.01% 9,735,033,990 166

Bhutan demographics

The life expectancy of the people in Bhutan is 72.77 years. The infant mortality is 19.6. The sex ratio of the male population is 72.77 years for the population share 410,087. The sex ratio of the female population is 46.85% for the population share is 361,525.

Bhutan religion and politics 

The official religion of the country is Vajrayana Buddhism. This is a country by the constitution and Buddhism plays an important role in the country. The cultural heritage of Bhutan is the identity of the people also. The freedom of religion is provided by the King. The remaining population is the Lhotshampa who follow Hinduism beliefs. Christianity is also there in small numbers. Islam is also present but is unrecognised.

The government of Bhutan contains a constitutional monarchy. The king of Bhutan is the head of the state. Lhengye Zhungtshog or the ministers’ council contains the power of execution which is headed by the prime minister.

Bhutan economy

The economy of Bhutan is one of the least developed. It mainly bases its economy from agriculture and forestry. This offers the main livelihood or half of the population in Bhutan. There are farming and animal husbandry for the people to work. The mountains are rugged so it makes the road-building difficult.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%