Belgium Population: 11,570,602

Belgium is one of the smallest countries in northwestern Europe. It became independent in the year 1830. It is one of the most populous European countries. Belgium shares its borders with the Netherlands in the North, Germany in the eat, Luxembourg in the southeast, France in the Southwest, and the North Sea is located at the northwest. Though it is a small country, it has been the major European battleground.

Largest Cities in Belgium by Population

The largest cities of the population based on the population are Antwerp, Ghent, and Brussels.These cities have the highest population in Belgium.

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Brussels 1,019,022 Dendermonde 43,055 Wavre 32,112
Antwerpen 459,805 Beringen 40,930 Binche 32,030
Gent 231,493 Turnhout 39,654 Lommel 31,993
Charleroi 200,132 Dilbeek 39,482 Menen 31,916
Liege 182,597 Heist-op-den-Berg 37,873 Tienen 31,743
Brugge 116,709 Sint-Truiden 37,859 Evergem 31,615
Namur 106,284 Lokeren 37,567 Heusden 31,017
Leuven 92,892 Braine-l’Alleud 37,512 Wevelgem 30,954
Mons 91,277 Brasschaat 37,040 Geraardsbergen 30,807
Deurne 78,747 Vilvoorde 36,955 Sint-Pieters-Leeuw 30,446
Aalst 77,534 Herstal 36,503 Houthalen 30,050
Mechelen 77,530 Maasmechelen 36,251 Helchteren 30,050
La Louviere 76,668 Waregem 35,896 Tongeren 29,816
Kortrijk 73,879 Chatelet 35,238 Deinze 29,815
Hasselt 69,222 Ieper 35,089 Waterloo 29,778
Ostend 69,011 Ninove 34,795 Bilzen 29,622
Sint-Niklaas 69,010 Geel 34,697 Louvain-la-Neuve 29,521
Tournai 67,721 Halle 34,479 Courcelles 29,473
Genk 63,666 Hoboken 34,443 Asse 28,985
Seraing 60,737 Knokke-Heist 33,781 Zaventem 28,188
Roeselare 56,016 Schoten 33,622 Oudenaarde 27,935
Verviers 52,824 Grimbergen 33,561 Aarschot 27,656
Mouscron 52,069 Lier 33,272
Beveren 45,179 Mol 32,659

 Belgium Population History 

Belgium recorded a population of 11.239 million in the year. It is estimated to increase consistently as it does and is expected to be around 11.59 million in the year 2020. The growth rate of the population has been fairly consistent at around half a percent annually since it became an independent nation in 1830.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 11,589,623 0.44% 50,295 48,000 41.9 1.71 383 98.30% 11,396,775 0.15% 7,794,798,739 81
2019 11,539,328 0.50% 57,150 48,000 41.5 1.77 381 98.20% 11,336,228 0.15% 7,713,468,100 79
2018 11,482,178 0.55% 62,430 48,000 41.5 1.77 379 98.10% 11,268,675 0.15% 7,631,091,040 79
2017 11,419,748 0.58% 65,328 48,000 41.5 1.77 377 98.00% 11,196,239 0.15% 7,547,858,925 78
2016 11,354,420 0.59% 66,480 48,000 41.5 1.77 375 98.00% 11,122,008 0.15% 7,464,022,049 77
2015 11,287,940 0.63% 69,840 51,734 41.3 1.78 373 97.90% 11,048,237 0.15% 7,379,797,139 78
2010 10,938,739 0.73% 78,371 58,854 40.9 1.82 361 97.70% 10,681,812 0.16% 6,956,823,603 76
2005 10,546,886 0.51% 52,971 43,912 40.3 1.68 348 97.40% 10,272,952 0.16% 6,541,907,027 75
2000 10,282,033 0.19% 19,146 10,174 39 1.6 340 97.10% 9,986,809 0.17% 6,143,493,823 76
1995 10,186,305 0.36% 35,952 21,389 37.6 1.61 336 96.80% 9,857,972 0.18% 5,744,212,979 71
1990 10,006,544 0.18% 17,993 8,511 36.5 1.56 330 96.40% 9,644,013 0.19% 5,327,231,061 70
1985 9,916,578 0.10% 9,517 3,696 35.3 1.6 327 95.90% 9,512,967 0.20% 4,870,921,740 67
1980 9,868,995 0.20% 19,482 14,705 34.3 1.7 326 95.40% 9,413,159 0.22% 4,458,003,514 58
1975 9,771,586 0.29% 27,881 14,196 34.3 2.01 323 94.50% 9,232,201 0.24% 4,079,480,606 58
1970 9,632,180 0.40% 37,648 9,458 34.6 2.39 318 93.80% 9,039,111 0.26% 3,700,437,046 55
1965 9,443,939 0.60% 55,315 7,661 34.9 2.65 312 93.10% 8,795,839 0.28% 3,339,583,597 43
1960 9,167,365 0.62% 56,018 9,327 35.1 2.5 303 92.50% 8,476,183 0.30% 3,034,949,748 47
1955 8,887,274 0.57% 49,951 10,742 34.6 2.37 294 92.00% 8,174,277 0.32% 2,773,019,936 43

Belgium Population Forecast 

It is estimated that the population of Belgium would be 12,001,594 in 2030, about 12,293,880 in 2040, and about 12,488,233 in 2050. This means that the growth rate would decrease only by 0.14% in the year 2050.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 11,589,623 0.53% 60,337 48,000 41.9 1.71 383 98.30% 11,396,775 0.15% 7,794,798,739 81
2025 11,757,510 0.29% 33,577 24,000 42.8 1.71 388 98.80% 11,613,585 0.14% 8,184,437,460 83
2030 11,903,750 0.25% 29,248 24,000 43.7 1.71 393 99.20% 11,811,439 0.14% 8,548,487,400 83
2035 12,026,483 0.21% 24,547 24,000 44.5 1.71 397 99.60% 11,983,927 0.14% 8,887,524,213 86
2040 12,121,113 0.16% 18,926 24,000 45.2 1.71 400 N.A. N.A. 0.13% 9,198,847,240 88
2045 12,187,306 0.11% 13,239 24,000 45.4 1.71 402 N.A. N.A. 0.13% 9,481,803,274 89
2050 12,220,765 0.05% 6,692 45.4 1.71 404 N.A. N.A. 0.13% 9,735,033,990 91

Belgium Demographics 

The estimated total population in Belgium is about 11,431,406 as of Jan 1, 2019. 51% of the total population were women, while 49% of the population were men. The Belgian population has been believed to increase by 55,336 persons per year, which amounts to 0.49% of persons on a yearly scale. The life expectancy for a male is about 78.6 years, while that of the female is about 83.9 years. The sex ratio at birth is 1.05 males/females.

Belgium Religion and Politics 

The Catholic Christians represent the larger portion of the population in Belgium. The Roman Catholics account for the major share of the population around 57.1%, and the protestants account for 2-3%, while the orthodox Christians account for 0.6%. About 29.3% of the population is nonreligious. In which 9.15 % are atheists. 6.85 of the population are Muslims, and 1.1% of people follow other religions.

The Belgian politics was influenced by Christian ideology till the beginning of the 21 st century. The rise of NVA, the Flemish nationalist party, has changed the scenario. The Belgian state is now secular, with a clear demarcation between the government and religion.

Belgium Economy 

The economy of Belgium is a capitalist. It owes it to the geographic location, diversified industrial base as well as a highly developed transportation network. Services account for about 74.9% of the GDP, and agriculture accounts for 1% of the GDP. Belgium is a member state of the Benelux. However, due to the banking crisis, Belgium registered negative growth in the year 2009. Unemployment has been a significant problem that Belgium faces consistently.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%