Australia Population: 25,386,559

In terms of population, Australia stands as the 55th largest country in the world. Australia being the 9th largest country in the world in terms of area, its population density is quite low, at 3 people per kilometer square, making it one of the few least populated countries around the globe. Some areas of Australia, like the northern territory, have one square kilometer of the area assigned for only 0.2 humans. Its population is mostly congested in and around the coastal areas that are more habitable.

Largest Cities in Australia by Population

Top cities of Australia based on a high number of the population are Canberra, Adelaide, Brisbane, Darwin, Queensland, Hobart, Cairns, and many more.

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Sydney 4,627,345 Maitland 67,132 Frankston East 34,457
Melbourne 4,246,375 Armadale 62,296 Rowville 34,145
Brisbane 2,189,878 Rockhampton 61,724 Warrnambool 33,982
Perth 1,896,548 Adelaide Hills 60,394 Baulkham Hills 33,945
Adelaide 1,225,235 South Brisbane 60,000 Albany 33,650
Gold Coast 591,473 Hervey Bay 52,230 Mount Waverley 33,611
Canberra 367,752 Reservoir 47,637 St Albans 33,511
Newcastle 308,308 Tamworth 47,597 Auburn 33,122
Wollongong 292,190 Wagga Wagga 46,913 Bathurst 33,110
Logan City 282,673 Albury 45,627 Pakenham South 32,911
Geelong 226,034 Berwick 44,779 Point Cook 32,413
Hobart 216,656 Port Macquarie 41,491 Dubbo 32,327
Townsville 196,219 Queanbeyan 40,661 Epping 32,200
Cairns 153,075 Orange 39,329 Wodonga 31,605
Toowoomba 131,258 Blacktown 39,000 Kalgoorlie 31,107
Darwin 129,062 Shepparton 38,773 Bankstown 30,572
Rockingham 108,022 Caloundra 38,706 Mill Park 30,517
Launceston 106,153 Hoppers Crossing 38,108 Gladstone 30,489
Bendigo 100,617 Werribee 37,737 Kwinana 30,433
Ballarat 97,937 Melton 35,490 Lismore 30,086
Mandurah 83,294 Castle Hill 35,389 Mildura 30,016
Mackay 74,219 Saint Albans 35,091 Preston 29,925
Bundaberg 70,826 Nowra 34,479
Bunbury 68,248 Frankston 34,457

Australia Population History

Captain James Cook discovered the eastern coast of Australia and claimed it as great Britain’s territory, in the year 1770. The country was used as a penal colony for several years, after which gold was mined near the southern coast of Wales; the population of the place exploded after that. A unified constitution was developed around 6 states by the year 1901. The population rate showed a rapid increase of 2% over the next several years until in the 1970s when it started to slow down to what the rate is today eventually.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 25,499,884 1.18% 296,686 158,246 37.9 1.83 3 85.90% 21,903,705 0.33% 7,794,798,739 55
2019 25,203,198 1.23% 305,046 158,246 37.3 1.87 3 85.70% 21,607,414 0.33% 7,713,468,100 55
2018 24,898,152 1.28% 313,532 158,246 37.3 1.87 3 85.60% 21,307,040 0.33% 7,631,091,040 55
2017 24,584,620 1.33% 321,908 158,246 37.3 1.87 3 85.40% 21,003,923 0.33% 7,547,858,925 53
2016 24,262,712 1.38% 330,210 158,246 37.3 1.87 3 85.30% 20,700,043 0.33% 7,464,022,049 53
2015 23,932,502 1.56% 355,565 197,875 37.2 1.89 3 85.20% 20,396,531 0.32% 7,379,797,139 53
2010 22,154,679 1.89% 395,228 242,160 36.8 1.95 3 85.00% 18,842,292 0.32% 6,956,823,603 53
2005 20,178,540 1.22% 237,422 117,856 36.5 1.77 3 84.80% 17,118,434 0.31% 6,541,907,027 52
2000 18,991,431 1.09% 199,671 77,684 35.4 1.79 2 84.60% 16,060,093 0.31% 6,143,493,823 51
1995 17,993,074 1.19% 206,495 70,216 33.6 1.86 2 85.30% 15,346,879 0.31% 5,744,212,979 51
1990 16,960,597 1.60% 259,387 130,842 32.1 1.86 2 85.80% 14,558,985 0.32% 5,327,231,061 49
1985 15,663,663 1.43% 215,052 90,714 30.7 1.91 2 85.90% 13,461,702 0.32% 4,870,921,740 47
1980 14,588,405 1.16% 163,023 47,149 29.3 1.99 2 85.90% 12,532,663 0.33% 4,458,003,514 46
1975 13,773,288 1.49% 196,051 51,906 28.1 2.54 2 85.10% 11,727,714 0.34% 4,079,480,606 42
1970 12,793,034 2.49% 295,968 161,239 27.4 2.87 2 84.30% 10,787,874 0.35% 3,700,437,046 42
1965 11,313,195 2.01% 214,224 76,869 28.3 3.27 1 83.40% 9,439,263 0.34% 3,339,583,597 42
1960 10,242,076 2.25% 215,274 79,911 29.6 3.41 1 81.90% 8,389,125 0.34% 3,034,949,748 39
1955 9,165,707 2.31% 197,673 79,201 30.2 3.18 1 79.70% 7,309,544 0.33% 2,773,019,936 42

Australia population Forecast

The population of Australia is growing at a healthy rate, but it has been predicted to slow down over the next 30 years, still maintaining 200,000 citizens per year growth. By the year 2030, the growth rate has been forecasted to drop to 1% and, to as low as 0.75% by the year 2050.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 25,499,884 1.28% 313,476 158,246 37.9 1.83 3 85.90% 21,903,705 0.33% 7,794,798,739 55
2025 26,879,753 1.06% 275,974 135,469 38.9 1.83 3 86.80% 23,335,357 0.33% 8,184,437,460 55
2030 28,177,481 0.95% 259,546 139,877 40 1.83 4 87.80% 24,740,161 0.33% 8,548,487,400 55
2035 29,410,244 0.86% 246,553 145,797 40.8 1.83 4 88.80% 26,110,367 0.33% 8,887,524,213 57
2040 30,572,489 0.78% 232,449 145,756 41.3 1.83 4 89.80% 27,469,166 0.33% 9,198,847,240 59
2045 31,702,142 0.73% 225,931 145,991 41.5 1.83 4 90.90% 28,832,697 0.33% 9,481,803,274 59
2050 32,814,113 0.69% 222,394 41.8 1.83 4 92.00% 30,186,022 0.34% 9,735,033,990 62

Australia Demographics

25.4% of the total population claimed themselves to be native Australians. 25.9% of the population were found to be English, and other figures comprised Scottish, Irish, and Italian people. Immigration is prevalent in Australia, and the population has increased by four times because of it. 2 out of 7 Australians are immigrants. Immigrant countries include India, New Zealand, United Kingdom, Vietnam, and China. Indigenous aborigines of Australia comprise 2.5% of the population. The median age of the population is 37 years.

Australia Religion and Politics

The most prevalent religions in Australia that were found through a census in 2016 are Catholic, Anglican Christian, uniting Church, and general types of Christianity. Other religions followed include Islam Buddhism Sikhism Hinduism. However, 30.1% of the population claims that they do not have any religious affiliations. There are a lot of orthodox Hindus in Australia, and some part of the population is also associated with Judaism.

Australia Economy

The economy of Australia is generally stable, as the results showed in 2018. The median wealth of the average adult is the largest around the world. Australia’s flourishing economy is largely dependent on its service sector, which comprises 61.1% of the market and employs 79.2% of the country’s citizens. However, the growth rate of the economy is one of the slowest in the world at just 1.8 % of annual growth.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%