Afghanistan Population: 38,594,535

The official name of Afghanistan is the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. It is a landlocked country in Asia. The country contains many mountainous regions. The capital of the country is Kabul. The country’s location is connected with the popular historical Silk Road in which the cultures of the Middle East and other parts of Asia reached. The country has seen many military campaigns in history, such as Alexander the Great, Muslim Arabs, Mongols, British, Soviets, Mauryas, etc.

Largest cities in Afghanistan by population

Kabul is the largest city of Afghanistan with highest population count. Some other densely populated cities of Afghanistan are Kandahar, Mazar-e Sharif, Herat, Jalalabad.

CITY NAME POPULATION CITY NAME POPULATION
Kabul 3,043,532 Aibak 47,823
Kandahar 391,190 Fayzabad 44,421
Mazar-e Sharif 303,282 Lashkar Gah 43,934
Herat 272,806 Gereshk 43,588
Jalalabad 200,331 Farah 43,561
Kunduz 161,902 Ghormach 30,000
Ghazni 141,000 Shindand 29,264
Balkh 114,883 Andkhoy 29,208
Baghlan 108,449 Rustaq 25,636
Gardez 103,601 Qarawul 24,544
Khost 96,123 Nahrin 22,363
Maymana 75,900 Baraki Barak 22,305
Khanabad 71,531 Art Khwajah 18,623
Bazarak 65,000 Kafir Qala 18,086
Khulm 64,933 Karukh 17,484
Taloqan 64,256 Mehtar Lam 17,345
Bamyan 61,863 Kushk 16,952
Pul-e Khumri 56,369 Shahrak 15,967
Shibirghan 55,641 Asmar 15,708
Charikar 53,676 Sang-e Charak 15,377
Sar-e Pul 52,121 Khash 15,133
Zaranj 49,851 Markaz-e Woluswali-ye Achin 15,098
Paghman 49,157 Jabal os Saraj 15,032
Asadabad 48,400 Qarqin 15,018

Afghanistan Population history

In the year 2000, the population of Afghanistan was 20,779,953. However, in the year 2020, there is a slight increase in the population. It is estimated to be 38,928,346. The median age has also increased to the number 18.4. The urban population of the place is 9,904,337. The Afghanistan global population rank for this year is 37.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 38,928,346 2.33% 886,592 -62,920 18.4 4.56 60 25.40% 9,904,337 0.50% 7,794,798,739 37
2019 38,041,754 2.34% 869,833 -62,920 17.4 5.26 58 25.20% 9,582,625 0.49% 7,713,468,100 37
2018 37,171,921 2.41% 875,808 -62,920 17.4 5.26 57 24.90% 9,273,302 0.49% 7,631,091,040 38
2017 36,296,113 2.58% 913,081 -62,920 17.4 5.26 56 24.70% 8,971,472 0.48% 7,547,858,925 39
2016 35,383,032 2.82% 969,429 -62,920 17.4 5.26 54 24.50% 8,670,939 0.47% 7,464,022,049 39
2015 34,413,603 3.35% 1,045,619 104,354 17.2 5.45 53 24.30% 8,367,571 0.47% 7,379,797,139 40
2010 29,185,507 2.61% 706,246 -209,272 15.9 6.48 45 23.40% 6,836,980 0.42% 6,956,823,603 40
2005 25,654,277 4.30% 974,865 148,839 16 7.18 39 22.20% 5,691,836 0.39% 6,541,907,027 45
2000 20,779,953 2.79% 533,859 -173,508 15.5 7.65 32 21.30% 4,436,282 0.34% 6,143,493,823 48
1995 18,110,657 7.85% 1,139,670 615,277 16 7.48 28 20.40% 3,697,570 0.32% 5,744,212,979 50
1990 12,412,308 0.78% 94,820 -305,070 15.8 7.47 19 20.90% 2,593,947 0.23% 5,327,231,061 57
1985 11,938,208 -2.22% -283,661 -669,019 16.2 7.45 18 18.80% 2,238,468 0.25% 4,870,921,740 56
1980 13,356,511 1.03% 133,470 -230,792 16.9 7.45 20 15.90% 2,119,078 0.30% 4,458,003,514 51
1975 12,689,160 2.58% 303,104 -4,000 17.3 7.45 19 13.50% 1,717,422 0.31% 4,079,480,606 48
1970 11,173,642 2.33% 243,464 -4,000 17.9 7.45 17 11.60% 1,295,433 0.30% 3,700,437,046 48
1965 9,956,320 2.05% 191,869 -4,000 18.4 7.45 15 9.90% 984,350 0.30% 3,339,583,597 48
1960 8,996,973 1.70% 145,196 -4,000 18.8 7.45 14 8.40% 755,797 0.30% 3,034,949,748 48
1955 8,270,991 1.30% 103,775 -4,000 19.2 7.45 13 7.10% 587,818 0.30% 2,773,019,936 48

Afghanistan population forecast

In the following years, the population of Afghanistan is expected to increase. In the year 2025, it is going to be 43,531,519. Then after that, it will reach 64,682,974. This increase will also change the median age to 28.4. The urban population in the future will be 25,498,515. The population rank will come to 31.

Year Population Yearly % Change Yearly Change Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban Pop % Urban Population Country’s Share of World Pop World Population Global Rank
2020 38,928,346 2.50% 902,949 -62,920 18.4 4.56 60 25.40% 9,904,337 0.50% 7,794,798,739 37
2025 43,531,519 2.26% 920,635 -60,000 19.9 4.56 67 26.90% 11,704,638 0.53% 8,184,437,460 37
2030 48,093,578 2.01% 912,412 -66,018 21.5 4.56 74 28.70% 13,817,897 0.56% 8,548,487,400 35
2035 52,587,408 1.80% 898,766 -62,359 23.2 4.56 81 31.00% 16,279,334 0.59% 8,887,524,213 33
2040 56,912,009 1.59% 864,920 -62,360 24.9 4.56 87 33.60% 19,103,637 0.62% 9,198,847,240 32
2045 60,974,113 1.39% 812,421 -62,216 26.6 4.56 93 36.50% 22,228,097 0.64% 9,481,803,274 31
2050 64,682,974 1.19% 741,772 28.4 4.56 99 39.40% 25,498,515 0.66% 9,735,033,990 31

Afghanistan demographics

The life expectancy of the population is expected to be 65.98 years. The infant mortality is 44.6. The sex ratio of the male population for the population share of 19,976,265 is 51.32%. The sex ratio for the female population for the population share of 18,952,076 is 48.68%.

Afghanistan religion and politics

Islam is the major religion in Afghanistan, followed by 85% of the people. Most of the population are Sunni Muslims. There are other communities of Muslims, also such as the Shia Muslims, who also are part of the population. There are also small groups of Jewish and Christian communities present in Afghanistan.

The country consists of provincial governors, national assembly and council of ministers. The president is the head of the state and the commander of the Afghan armed forces. The current president of the country is President Ashraf Ghani. The vice presidents of the country are Abdul Rashid Dostum and Sarwar Danish.

Afghanistan economy

Afghanistan’s economy has been improved because of the infusion of dollars as an offering of international assistance. The help that came from the expatriates and the external investors found this increase when there was political stability. The nation’s GDP also increased. It is importing many goods to other countries such as fruits and nuts.

Largest Countries in the World by Population

S.No Country Population (2020) World Population Share (%)
1 China 1,439,323,776 18.47%
2 India 1,380,004,385 17.70%
3 United States 331,002,651 4.25%
4 Indonesia 273,523,615 3.51%
5 Pakistan 220,892,340 2.83%
6 Brazil 212,559,417 2.73%
7 Nigeria 206,139,589 2.64%
8 Bangladesh 164,689,383 2.11%
9 Russia 145,934,462 1.87%
10 Mexico 128,932,753 1.65%